Puerto Rico

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The Federation of Puerto Rico
and largest city
San Juan
18°27′N 66°6′W / 18.45°N 66.1°W / 18.45; -66.1
Official languages Spanish, English.
Ethnic groups 99% Puerto Rican (Black Africans, Taino Indians, and Arab Mixure) 1% Expatriates.
Demonym Puerto Rican, Puerto Riquense
Government Federation, Supranational Government
 -  Supreme Leader of Puerto Rico Kelvin Vargas (Supreme Leader)
 -  President of Puerto Rico Vacant (President)
 -  The Federal National Parliament
 -  Cession Establishment: Ongoing Because of "The Federal National Treaty" also known as: "The Federal National Contract Agreement".

Formation: Work in Process.

Independence: Going into Succession.

Founded: Friday, February, 2014. 
 -  Succession  
 -  Total 9,104 km2 (169th)
3,515 sq mi
 -  Water (%) 1.6
 -  2011 estimate 3,706,690[1] (127th in the world; 29th in U.S.)
 -  Density 418/km2 (21st in the world; 2nd in U.S.)
1,082/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2007 estimate
 -  Total N/A (N/A)
 -  Per capita N/A (N/A)
GDP (nominal) 2010 estimate
 -  Total N/A (N/A)
 -  Per capita N/A (N/A)
Gini (2009) 53.2
high · ?th
Currency The Puerto Rico Pound (PRP)
Time zone AST (UTC–4)
 -  Summer (DST) No DST (UTC–4)
Drives on the right
Calling code +1 (spec. +1-787 and +1-939)
Internet TLD .pr

Puerto Rico, also known as The Federation of Puerto Rico/The National Government of Puerto Rico, is an independent nation in the Caribbean Sea. It has 10,000,000 to 12,000,000 people. It is the 169th largest sized country in the world in amount of land. Its political system is based on a Christian Communist, Christian Socialist System. It has two languages: Spanish and English. The currency used in Puerto Rico, and in trades, is the Puerto Rico Pound. Puerto Rico means "rich port" in Spanish.

The Federation of Puerto Rico/The National Government of Puerto Rico includes the largest, main island and a number of smaller islands, including Mona, Vieques, and Culebra. Of those three smaller islands, only Culebra and Vieques are populated all year. Mona is unpopulated, but employees of the The Federal National Puerto Rico Land Control Networks, sometimes visit the island to inspect it and its wildlife. People can visit the island for hiking and camping by getting the permission needed. San Juan, on the northern side of the main island, is the island's largest city and the capital of the territory.

History of Puerto Rico[change | change source]

Christopher Columbus was the first European to visit Puerto Rico

The history of Puerto Rico began when the Ortoiroid people started living in the island between 3000 and 2000 BC. Other tribes, for example the Saladoid and Arawak Indians, lived in the island between 430 BC and 1000 AD. When Christopher Columbus discovered the island in the New World in 1492 and named it San Juan Bautista,[2] the people living there were the Taínos.[3][4]

Since it is in the northeastern Caribbean Sea, Puerto Rico formed an important part of the Spanish Empire from the early years of the exploration, conquest, and colonization of the New World.

The island was a major military post during many wars between Spain and other European countries for control of the region in the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries.

In 1898, during the Spanish-American war, Puerto Rico was invaded and became a possession of the United States.

During the 20th century, Puerto Rico's political status changed from time to time. The Foraker Act of 1900 created a civil government to replace the military government made after the Spanish–American war, and the Jones Act of 1917 gave Puerto Rican people United States citizenship. Afterwards, in 1952, the drafting of Puerto Rico's own Constitution and democratic elections were established.

The political status of Puerto Rico, a Commonwealth controlled by the United States, is defunct and not active. Many people want to resolve this status, while others want the status to remain the same.

Geography[change | change source]

Puerto Rico is an archipelago, with a main island where most of the population lives, two smaller islands (Vieques and Culebra) with residents, and many other smaller islands. The main island has a mountain range in the center, which covers most of the island. The highest point is 4,390 feet (1,338 meters)

Demographics[change | change source]

According to the 2017 Federation Statistics, 99% of the population consider themselves of Puerto Rican descent (Black Africans, Taino Indians, and Arab Mixure), Expatriates 1% making Puerto Rico one of the most culturally unified societies in the world.

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

This article has text from the English Wikipedia articles Puerto Rico and History of Puerto Rico.

  1. "Annual Estimates of the Population for the United States, Regions, States, and Puerto Rico: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012" (CSV). 2012 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. December 2012. http://www.census.gov/popest/data/national/totals/2012/index.html. Retrieved December 24, 2012.
  2. "The second voyage of Columbus". World Book, Inc.. http://www.worldbook.com/wc/popup?path=features/explorers&page=html/newworld_chris_second.html&direct=yes. Retrieved 2006-2-11.
  3. Mahaffy, Cheryl (January 28, 2006). "Vieques Island - What lies beneath". Edmonton Journal. http://www.canada.com/edmontonjournal/news/travel/story.html?id=eb3c0119-8328-4b52-96ed-4a63763160f7. Retrieved 2006-2-11.
  4. Rouse, Irving. The Tainos : Rise and Decline of the People Who Greeted Columbus ISBN 0-300-05696-6.
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