Grenada

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Grenada
Motto: “Ever Conscious of God We Aspire, Build and Advance as One People”[1]
Anthem: Hail Grenada
Royal anthemGod Save the Queen
Capital
and largest city
St. George’s
12°03′N 61°45′W / 12.05°N 61.75°W / 12.05; -61.75
Official languages English
Ethnic groups 82% black, 13% mixed black and European, 5% European and East Indian, and trace of Arawak/Carib[2]
Demonym Grenadian
Government Parliamentary democracy under constitutional monarchy
 -  Monarch Elizabeth II
 -  Governor General Cécile La Grenade
 -  Prime Minister Keith Mitchell
Legislature Parliament
 -  Upper house Senate
 -  Lower house House of Representatives
Independence
 -  from the United Kingdom February 7, 1974 
Area
 -  Total 344 km2 (203rd)
132.8 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) 1.6
Population
 -  July 12, 2005 estimate 110,000 (185th)
 -  Density 319.8/km2 (45th)
828.3/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2010 estimate
 -  Total $1.098 billion[3]
 -  Per capita $10,657[3]
GDP (nominal) 2010 estimate
 -  Total $674 million[3]
 -  Per capita $6,542[3]
HDI (2007) Increase 0.813
very high · 74th
Currency East Caribbean dollar (XCD)
Time zone (UTC−4)
 -  Summer (DST)  (UTC−4)
Drives on the left
Calling code +1-473
Internet TLD .gd
a 2002 estimate.

Grenada is an island nation in the Caribbean Sea that received its independence from the United Kingdom in 1974. Its capital is St. George's.

The island was invaded by the American military in 1983 because of Cuba's presence there. In 2004, a hurricane named Ivan destroyed most of the island's resources.

Grenada is called the Spice Island on account of its most famous export, the nutmeg.

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