Grenada

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Grenada

Gwenad (Grenadian Creole French)
Coat of arms of Grenada
Coat of arms
Motto: "Ever Conscious of God We Aspire, Build and Advance as One People"[1]
Anthem: "Hail Grenada"

Grenada on the globe (Americas centered).svg
Capital
and largest city
St. George's
12°03′N 61°45′W / 12.050°N 61.750°W / 12.050; -61.750
Official languages
Recognised regional languagesGrenadian Creole English
Grenadian Creole French
Ethnic groups
(2011[2])
Religion
(2011)[3]
Demonym(s)Grenadian[4]
GovernmentUnitary two-party parliamentary constitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Elizabeth II
Cécile La Grenade
Keith Mitchell
LegislatureParliament
Senate
House of Representatives
Formation
3 March 1967
• Independence from the United Kingdom
7 February 1974
13 March 1979
• Constitution Restoration
4 December 1984
Area
• Total
348.5 km2 (134.6 sq mi) (184th)
• Water (%)
1.6
Population
• 2016 estimate
107,317[5] (194th)
• Density
318.58/km2 (825.1/sq mi) (45th)
GDP (PPP)2019 estimate
• Total
$1.801 billion[6]
• Per capita
$16,604[6]
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Total
$1.249 billion[6]
• Per capita
$11,518[6]
HDI (2019)Increase 0.779[7]
high · 74th
CurrencyEast Caribbean dollar (XCD)
Time zoneUTC−4 (AST)
Driving sideleft
Calling code+1-473
ISO 3166 codeGD
Internet TLD.gd
  1. Plus trace of Arawak / Carib.

Grenada (/ɡrəˈndə/ (About this soundlisten) grə-NAY-də; Grenadian Creole French: Gwenad) is an island nation in the Caribbean Sea that received its independence from the United Kingdom in 1974. Its capital is St. George's.

The island was invaded by the American military in 1983 because of Cuba's presence there. In 2004, a hurricane named Ivan destroyed most of the island's resources.

Grenada is called the Spice Island on account of its most famous export, the nutmeg.

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Government of Grenada Website". Retrieved 1 November 2007.
  2. "Grenada". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). Retrieved 19 March 2012.
  3. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/gj.html
  4. "About Grenada, Carriacou & Petite Martinique | GOV.gd". www.gov.gd. Archived from the original on 10 September 2009. Retrieved 31 July 2017.
  5. "World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision". ESA.UN.org (custom data acquired via website). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 10 September 2017.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 "Grenada". International Monetary Fund. 2018. Retrieved 1 April 2018.
  7. Human Development Report 2020 The Next Frontier: Human Development and the Anthropocene (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 15 December 2020. pp. 343–346. ISBN 978-92-1-126442-5. Retrieved 16 December 2020.

Other websites[change | change source]