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Republic of Malawi
Chalo cha Malawi, Dziko la Malaŵi
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: Unity and Freedom[1]
Anthem: Mulungu dalitsa Malaŵi  (Chichewa)
"Oh God Bless Our Land of Malawi"
and largest city
13°57′S 33°42′E / 13.95°S 33.7°E / -13.95; 33.7
Official languages English
Ethnic groups (2008) Chewa 32.6%
Lomwe 17.6%
Yao 13.5%
Ngoni 11.5%
Tumbuka 8.8%
Nyanja 5.8%
Sena 3.6%
Tonga 2.1%
Ngonde 1%
other 3.5%
Demonym Malawian
Government Multi-party democracy
 -  President Peter Mutharika
 -  Vice President Khumbo Kachali
 -  from the United Kingdom July 6, 1964 
 -  Total 118,484 km2 (99th)
45,747 sq mi
 -  Water (%) 20.6%
 -  2010 estimate 14,901,000 [4] (64th)
 -  1998 census 9,933,868[5]
 -  Density 128.8/km2 (86th)
333.6/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2010 estimate
 -  Total $12.980 billion[6]
 -  Per capita $827[6]
GDP (nominal) 2010 estimate
 -  Total $5.053 billion[6]
 -  Per capita $322[6]
Gini (2008) 38
HDI (2008) Increase 0.493[7]
low · 160th
Currency Kwacha (D) (MWK)
Time zone CAT (UTC+2)
 -  Summer (DST) not observed (UTC+2)
Drives on the left
Calling code +265[3]
Internet TLD .mw[3]
1 Population estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected.
2Information is drawn from the CIA Factbook unless otherwise noted.

Malawi (Republic of Malawi) is a country in south-east Africa. It has borders with the countries of Tanzania, Zambia, and Mozambique. The capital of Malawi is Lilongwe and the spoken languages are English and the official language Chichewa. The total size is about 118480 km² and there are about 100 people per km². The official language of Malawi is English. The country is also called "The Warm Heart of Africa".[8] Malawi is one of the smallest countries in Africa. Lake Malawi takes about a third of Malawi's area.[9]

Bantu people started living in Malawi in the 10th century. In 1891 the area became a colony of the United Kingdom. In 1953 Malawi, then called as Nyasaland, under protection of the United Kingdom, became a almost independent country called Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland. The Federation was ended in 1963. In 1964 the protection of the United Kingdom over Nyasaland was ended. Nyasaland became an independent country which was ruled by Queen Elizabeth and was called Malawi. Two years later it became a republic. After getting independence it became a one-party rule which was ruled by Hastings Banda. He was president until 1994. Peter Mutharika is the current president. Malawi has a democratic, many party government. Malawi has a small military: army, a navy and an air support. Malawi has good relations with Western countries and most countries in the world. Malawi has joined some international organizations.

Malawi is one of the poorest countries in the world. Economy is based in farming. Most of the population live in field areas. Country gets aid from other countries. Government has a hard time building and expanding the economy and develop health care, education and environment safety. Since 2005 some programs have been developed to focus on these problems.

Malawi has a low life expectancy and high infant mortality. People become ill with AIDS. Africans, Asians and Europeans are living in the country and they speak in different languages.

History[change | change source]

People have lived in the area of Malawi for thousands of years. At first they were hunter-gatherers. Bantu groups came to the area around the 10th century. Most of the Bantu grups went to south but some started living there and made ethnic groups based on familiar race.[10]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Berry, Bruce (6 February 2005). "Malawi". Flags of the World Website. Flags of the World. Retrieved 2010-09-22.
  2. "Malawi National Anthem Lyrics". National Anthem Lyrics. Lyrics on Demand. Retrieved 2008-08-24.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 "Country profile: Malawi". BBC News Online. BBC. March 13, 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-17.
  4. UN estimate for year 2010
  5. Benson, Todd. "Chapter 1: An Introduction" (PDF). Malawi: An Atlas of Social Statistics. National Statistical Office, Government of Malawi. p. 2. Retrieved 2008-08-24.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 "Malawi". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 2011-04-30.
  7. "2008 Statistical Update: Malawi". United Nations Development Programme. Retrieved 2009-04-19.
  8. "Malawi, The Warm Heart of Africa". Network of Organizations for Vulnerable & Orphan Children. Retrieved 26 January 2011.
  9. Songs from the Heart, Malawi's amazing birdlife. Central Africana Limited. 2014. ISBN 978-99908-14-33-0.
  10. Cutter, Africa 2006, p. 142