Republic of Nauru
"Nauru, our homeland"
and largest city
|None (Yaren (de facto))|
|Official languages||Nauruan, English|
|21 km2 (8.1 sq mi) (239th)|
• Jul 2011 estimate
|447/km2 (1,157.7/sq mi)|
|GDP (PPP)||2006 estimate|
|$36.9 million (192nd)|
• Per capita
|Currency||Australian dollar (AUD)|
Nauru is a small island in the Pacific Ocean. It's 42 kilometers south of the equator and has a surface area of 23.3km². It sells phosphate (a chemical) to other countries, mostly Australia, and this accounts for a very large part of Nauru's jobs. English and Nauruan are the official languages of Nauru. Nauru has no official capital, but its biggest city is Yaren. The current president of Nauru is Baron Waqa. There are 14 districts in Nauru: Aiwo, Anabar, Anetan, Anibare, Baiti, Boe, Buada, Denigomodu, Ewa, Ijuw, Meneng, Nibok, Uaboe and Yaren.
Nauru was invaded by Germany in 1888, and Germany and Britain began mining the island's phosphate together early in the 20th century. Japan invaded Nauru in 1942 and left the island in 1945. It became a country in 1968 and joined the United Nations in 1999.
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