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United Republic of Tanzania
Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania  (Swahili)
Coat of arms of Tanzania
Coat of arms
Motto: "Uhuru na Umoja" (Swahili)
"Freedom and Unity"
Anthem: Mungu ibariki Afrika
'God Bless Africa'
Location of  Tanzania  (dark blue)in the African Union  (light blue)
Location of  Tanzania  (dark blue)

in the African Union  (light blue)

Location of Tanzania

Dodoma (de jure)

Dar es Salaam (de facto)
Largest city Dar es Salaam
Official languages None de jure
National language Swahili[1]
Other languages English[1]
Religion (2010 estimate)[2]
Christianity 61.4%
Islam 35.2%
Folk Religion 1.8%
Irreligious 1.4%
Other 0.2%
Demonym Tanzanian
Government Unitary presidential republic[3][4]
John Pombe Magufuli
Samia Suluhu
Kassim Majaliwa
• Speaker
Job Ndugai
Ibrahim Hamis Juma
Legislature National Assembly
Independence from the United Kingdom
9 December 1961
10 December 1963
• Merger
26 April 1964
• Current constitution
25 April 1977
• Total
947,303 km2 (365,756 sq mi) (31st)
• Water (%)
• 2016 estimate
55,572,201[5] (28th)
• 2012 census
• Density
47.5/km2 (123.0/sq mi)
GDP (PPP) 2017 estimate
• Total
$163.522 billion[6]
• Per capita
GDP (nominal) 2017 estimate
• Total
$51.194 billion[6]
• Per capita
Gini (2012) 37.8[7]
HDI (2015) Increase 0.531[8]
low · 151st
Currency Tanzanian shilling (TZS)
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)
Drives on the left
Calling code +255[note 1]
ISO 3166 code TZ
Internet TLD .tz
  1. Revised to $41.33 billion[9]

Tanzania is a country in East Africa. The official languages are Kiswahili and English. It is next to Africa's biggest lake, Lake Victoria.

In 2017, there were about 54,000,000 people living in Tanzania.[10] They are divided into 120 tribes; none have more than 10% of the population. Tanzania is a multicultural society with people from many different cultures. There are many languages & religions in Tanzania; the main ones being Christianity and Arabic.

Tanzania is a very poor country. Their biggest export is the fish from the Lake Victoria, especially the nile perch. They send about 100 tons of fish to Europe and America every day. It's still not a lot of money. Most of the people in Tanzania work in agriculture. Agriculture in Tanzania is mainly very small farms. They grow coffee, cotton, sisal, tea, tobacco, and cashew nuts.

The president of the United Republic of Tanzania is John Magufuli. Tanzania is a member of the United Nations, UNIDO, the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, the Commonwealth of Nations, the Non-Aligned Movement, SADC, PTA, and the ADB. It is also signatory to the Lome Convention.

Mainland Tanzania (formerly Tanganyika) received independence in December 1961, while Zanzibar gained her independence in January 1964, through a revolution. The two countries joined together to form the United Republic of Tanzania in April 1964. Until July 1992, Tanzania was a one-party state. Following a Presidential Commission, the country has started a multi-party political system. It has held successful general elections in 1995 and 2000.

Regions[change | change source]

Regions of Tanzania

Tanzania is divided into 26 Regions. 21 are on the mainland and five in Zanzibar.

Tanzania's regions are: Arusha · Dar es Salaam · Dodoma · Iringa · Kagera · Kigoma · Kilimanjaro · Lindi · Manyara · Mara · Mbeya · Morogoro · Mtwara · Mwanza · Pemba North · Pemba South · Pwani · Rukwa · Ruvuma · Shinyanga · Singida · Tabora · Tanga · Zanzibar Central/South · Zanzibar North · Zanzibar Urban/West

Related pages[change | change source]

Notes[change | change source]

  1. +007 from Kenya and Uganda.

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Tanzania". Ethnologue. SIL Internationa. 
  2. | CIA World Factbook] 2010. Retrieved 23 May 2017.
  3. David Lawrence (2009). Tanzania: The Land, Its People and Contemporary Life. Intercontinental Books. p. 146. ISBN 978-9987-9308-3-8. 
  4. "About the United Republic of Tanzania". Permanent Representative of Tanzania to the United Nations. Archived from the original on 19 February 2011. Retrieved 31 January 2015. 
  5. "World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision". ESA.UN.org (custom data acquired via website). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 10 September 2017. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 Tanzania. IMF.org
  7. "GINI Index". The World Bank. Retrieved 14 October 2014. 
  8. "2016 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. Retrieved 21 March 2017. 
  9. "UPDATE 2-Tanzania's GDP expands by 32 pct after rebasing – officials". Reuters. 19 December 2014. Retrieved 19 December 2014. 
  10. "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 2018-02-06. 

Other websites[change | change source]