Republic of Angola
and largest city
|Recognised national languages|
|Ethnic groups |
|Government||Unitary presidential republic|
|Bornito de Sousa|
• from Portugal
|11 November 1975|
|1,246,700 km2 (481,400 sq mi) (23rd)|
• Water (%)
• 2009 estimate
|14.8/km2 (38.3/sq mi) (199th)|
|GDP (PPP)||2012 estimate|
|$128.288 billion (64th)|
• Per capita
|GDP (nominal)||2012 estimate|
|$118.719 billion (61st)|
• Per capita
|HDI (2013)|| 0.508|
low · 148th
|Time zone||UTC+1 (WAT)|
• Summer (DST)
|UTC+1 (not observed)|
|ISO 3166 code||AO|
Angola, (//), officially the Republic of Angola, is a country in southern Africa bordered by Namibia on the south, the Democratic Republic of the Congo on the north, and Zambia on the east; its west coast is on the Atlantic Ocean with Luanda as its capital city.
Angola is a member state of the African Union, the Community of Portuguese Language Countries, the Latin Union, South Atlantic Peace and Cooperation Zone and the Southern African Development Community.
History[change | change source]
Portugal built up its power in Angola from the late 15th to the middle 20th century.
After independence there was a civil war from 1975 to 2002. Cuba and the Soviet Bloc supported the ruling People's Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA). South Africa supported the insurgent anti-communist National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA). The war ended after the rebel leader was killed.
Geography[change | change source]
Angola is the world's twenty-third largest country. Angola is bordered by Namibia to the south, Zambia to the east, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north-east, and the South Atlantic Ocean to the west.
Climate[change | change source]
Angola's average temperature on the coast is 16 °C (61 °F) in the winter and 21 °C (70 °F) in the summer. It has two seasons; dry (May to October) and hot rainy (November to April).
Demographics[change | change source]
Angola's population is estimated to be 18,498,000 (2009).
Provinces[change | change source]
Angola is divided into eighteen provinces.
See List of settlements in Angola for the cities and towns in the country.
Related pages[change | change source]
References[change | change source]
- Eisenhammer, Stephen (September 26, 2017). "Angola's first new president in 38 years vows to fight graft". Reuters. Retrieved 27 September 2017.
- Department of Economic and Social Affairs Population Division (2009) (PDF). World Population Prospects, Table A.1. 2008 revision. United Nations. Archived from the original on 18 March 2009. https://web.archive.org/web/20090318041906/http://www.un.org/esa/population/publications/wpp2008/wpp2008_text_tables.pdf. Retrieved 12 March 2009.
- Population Forecast to 2060 by International Futures hosted by Google Public Data Explorer
- "Angola". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 17 April 2013.
- "Gini Index". World Bank. Retrieved 2 March 2011.