Togo

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Togolese Republic
République Togolaise
Motto: "Travail, Liberté, Patrie"  (French)
"Work, Liberty, Homeland"[1]
Anthem: Salut à toi, pays de nos aïeux  (French)
"Hail to thee, land of our forefathers"
Location of Togo within the African Union
Location of Togo within the African Union
Capital
and largest city
Lomé
6°7′N 1°13′E / 6.117°N 1.217°E / 6.117; 1.217
Official languages French
Vernacular languages Gbe languages such as Ewe, Mina and Aja; Kabiyé; and others.
Ethnic groups African 99%
(37 tribes; largest and most important are Ewe, Mina, and Kabre)
European and Syrian-Lebanese less than 1%
Demonym Togolese
Government Republic
 -  President Faure Gnassingbé
 -  Prime Minister Gilbert Houngbo[2]
Independence
 -  from France April 27, 1960 
Area
 -  Total 56,785 km2 (125th)
21,925 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) 4.2
Population
 -  2009 estimate 6,619,000[3] (101st1)
 -  Density 116.6/km2 (93rd²)
301.9/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2009 estimate
 -  Total $5.612 billion[4]
 -  Per capita $826[4]
GDP (nominal) 2009 estimate
 -  Total $2.865 billion[4]
 -  Per capita $422[4]
HDI (2010) Increase 0.428
low · 139th
Currency CFA franc (XOF)
Time zone GMT (UTC+0)
Drives on the right
Calling code +228
Internet TLD .tg
1 Estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected. Rankings based on 2005 figures CIA World Factbook – Togo
² Rankings based on 2005 figures (source unknown)
Map showing the location of Togo
Flag of Togo

Togo is a small country in Africa. It is between Benin and Ghana on the western coast. The capital is Lomé. About 6.7 million people live there. Official language is French.

History[change | edit source]

Togo left French rule in 1960s. The Togolese general, Gnassingbe Eyadema became the military ruler in 1967. President Eyedema was replaced by his son, Faure Gnassingbe, after his death in 2005.

Economy[change | edit source]

The economy of this small African country is based on agriculture. Agriculture provides jobs for 65% of the labor force according to the CIA Factbook.[5] Agricultural products include coffee, cocoa, cotton, yams, cassava (tapioca), corn, beans, rice, millet, and sorghum. Industries include phosphate mining, agricultural processing, cement, handicrafts, textiles, and beverages. Togo's economy is primarily agricultural.

Regions[change | edit source]

Togo is divided into 5 regions. The regions are divided into 30 prefectures and 1 commune. From north to south the regions are Savanes, Kara, Centrale, Plateaux and Maritime.

Cities[change | edit source]

The largest cities in Togo are:

Lomé, Capital of Togo
Rank City Population
1981 Census
Population
2005 Estimate
Region
1. Lomé 375,499 729,258 Maritime
2. Sokodé 45,660 117,811 Centrale
3. Kara 28,902 104,207 Kara
4. Palimé 28,262 95,974 Plateaux
5. Atakpamé 24,139 80,683 Plateaux
6. Bassar 17,867 61,845 Kara
7. Tsévié 20,480 55,775 Maritime
8. Aného 14,368 47,579 Maritime
9. Sansanné-Mango 12,894 37,748 Savanes
10. Dapaong 16,939 33,324 Savanes
11. Tchamba 12,911 25,668 Centrale
12. Niamtougou 12,444 23,261 Kara
13. Bafilo 12,060 22,543 Kara
14. Notsé 8,916 22,017 Plateaux
15. Sotouboua 10,590 21,054 Centrale
16. Vogan 11,260 20,569 Maritime
17. Badou 8,111 20,029 Plateaux
18. Tabligbo 7,526 13,748 Maritime
19. Kandé 6,134 11,466 Kara
20. Amlamé 3,997 9,870 Plateaux
21. Kpagouda 4,112 7,686 Kara

Religion[change | edit source]

Mosque in Sokodé.

About 51% of the population has local beliefs, 29% is Christian, and 20% Muslim.[6]

Others acivites[change | edit source]

The Togolese enjoy many foods including tropical fruits, pastries, and many different products made from peanuts. Major drinks include tea, coffee, and wine. Togolese often snack on plantains and French donuts or beignets.

Other pages[change | edit source]

References[change | edit source]

  1. "Constitution of Togo". 2002. http://www.africanlegislaturesproject.org/content/constitution-togo. Retrieved 2011-11-20.
  2. "September 2008". Rulers.org. http://rulers.org/2008-09.html. Retrieved 2010-06-27.
  3. Department of Economic and Social Affairs Population Division (2009) (PDF). World Population Prospects, Table A.1. 2008 revision. United Nations. http://www.un.org/esa/population/publications/wpp2008/wpp2008_text_tables.pdf. Retrieved 2009-03-12.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 "Togo". International Monetary Fund. http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2010/01/weodata/weorept.aspx?sy=2007&ey=2010&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=742&s=NGDPD%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPPC%2CLP&grp=0&a=&pr.x=46&pr.y=14. Retrieved 2010-04-21.
  5. World Factbook website
  6. Togo. CIA – The World Factbook. Cia.gov. Retrieved on 2012-01-08.