Phosphate

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Phosphate
Aromatic ball and stick model of phosphate
Space-filling model of phosphate
Names
Systematic IUPAC name
Phosphate[1]
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
Beilstein Reference 3903772
ChEBI
ChemSpider
Gmelin Reference 1997
MeSH {{{value}}}
PubChem {{{value}}}
UNII
SMILES {{{value}}}
Properties
PO3−
4
Molar mass 94.9714 g mol−1
Conjugate acid Hydrogen phosphate
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

A phosphate is a salt of phosphoric acid. Phosphates are important in biochemistry. Phosphates have the formula PO43- and a molar mass of 94.973 g/mol. An example of a phosphate is sodium phosphate. Three different types of phosphates are known. They are orthophosphate, PO43-; metaphosphate, PO32-; and pyrophosphate, P2O73-. They have a combining power of 3.

The phosphate functional group

Structure[change | change source]

Phosphates are made of one phosphorus atom surrounded by four oxygen atoms. Many phosphates do not dissolve in water.

Sources[change | change source]

  1. "Phosphates – PubChem Public Chemical Database". The PubChem Project. USA: National Center of Biotechnology Information.