|Motto: "Bersekutu Bertambah Mutu"
"Unity Is Strength"
and largest city
Putrajaya (administrative centre)
|Official languages||Malaysian Tamil Chinese English[b]|
|Official script||Malay alphabet Latin alphabet Tamil script standard mandrin [c]|
|Used for some purposes||English[d]|
|Ethnic groups||50.4% Malay
|Government||Federal constitutional elective monarchy and Federal parliamentary democracy|
|-||Prime Minister||Najib Razak (Barisan Nasional)|
|-||Deputy Prime Minister||Muhyiddin Yassin (Barisan Nasional)|
|-||From the United Kingdom (Malaya only)||31 August 1957|
|-||Federation of Malaya, Sabah, Sarawak, and Singapore[e]||16 September 1963|
|-||Total||329,847 km2 (67th)
127,355 sq mi
|-||2010 census||28,334,135 (42nd)|
|GDP (PPP)||2011 estimate|
|-||Total||$442.010 billion (29th)|
|-||Per capita||$15,385 (47th)|
|GDP (nominal)||2011 estimate|
|-||Total||$247.781 billion (38th)|
|-||Per capita||$8,624 (58th)|
high · 36th
|HDI (2011)|| 0.781
high · 61st
|Currency||Ringgit (RM) (MYR)|
|Time zone||MST (UTC+8)|
|-||Summer (DST)||Not observed (UTC+8)|
|Drives on the||left|
|^ a. Kuala Lumpur is the capital city and is home to the legislative branch of the Federal government. Putrajaya is the primary seat of the federal government where the executive and judicial branches are.
^ b. The terminology as per government policy is Bahasa Malaysia (literally Malaysian language) but legislation continues to refer to the official language as Bahasa Melayu (literally Malay language).
^ c. Under the National Language Act 1967: "The script of the national language shall be the Rumi [Latin] script: provided that this shall not prohibit the use of the Malay script, more commonly known as the Jawi script, of the national language."
^ d. English may be used for some purposes under the National Language Act 1967.^ e. Singapore became an independent country on 9 August 1965.
Malaysia is a country in Southeast Asia. It is a federation which has 13 states. It is divided into two parts by the South China Sea. Its mainland is on the Malay Peninsula. It faces the Straits of Malacca on its west coast and the South China Sea on its east coast. The other part of this country, sometimes known as East Malaysia, is on the northern part of the island of Borneo in the South China Sea. Kuala Lumpur on the Malay Peninsula is its capital. The federal capital was recently moved to Putrajaya, a newly created city exclusively designed for administration.
The country is multi-ethnic and multi-cultural, with most people being Malay, but there are also Chinese and Indians. Its official language is Malay written in the Latin alphabet. English is a recognised language. Tamil and Chinese is also often used. There are over 130 other languages spoken in Malaysia, with 94 in Malaysian Borneo and 40 on the peninsula. Islam is the official religion, but non-Malay citizens have the freedom to practice other religions.
History[change | change source]
The states of Malaysia became a colony of the British Empire, starting with Penang in 1786. The peninsular part became independent on 31 August 1957 as the Federation of Malaya. In 1963, Malaya, Singapore and the Borneo part joined together to become Malaysia. In 1965, Singapore was expelled from the federation and declared independence.
Politics and economy[change | change source]
Malaysia has 13 states, which are Johor, Kedah, Kelantan, Malacca, Negeri Sembilan, Pahang, Perak, Perlis, Penang, Sabah, Sarawak, Selangor and Terengganu, and three federal territories, Kuala Lumpur, Putrajaya and Labuan. The number of points of the star on the flag represents the number of states Malaysia has, but it has 14 because Singapore was one of the states in Malaysia during its creation. The 14th point now represents the federal territories, called Wilayah Persekutuan. The head of state of Malaysia is known as the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, otherwise called the "King of Malaysia". That title is currently held by Sultan Abdul Halim of Kedah. Malaysia's head of government is the Prime Minister. Its current prime minister is Dato' Seri Najib Tun Razak. It also has a parliament and a court system. It is a founding member of ASEAN. Its economy is steadily growing and it is a relatively rich country in Southeast Asia.
Cities[change | change source]
The following is a list of places in Malaysia. They are in order by the date they were given city status.
- George Town (1 January 1957)
- Kuala Lumpur (1 February 1972)
- Ipoh (27 May 1988)
- Kuching (1 August 1988)
- Johor Bahru (1 January 1994)
- Kota Kinabalu (2 February 2000)
- Shah Alam (10 October 2000)
- Malacca City (15 April 2003)
- Alor Setar (21 December 2003)
- Miri (20 May 2005)
- Petaling Jaya (20 June 2006)
- Kuala Terengganu (1 January 2008)
Religion[change | change source]
Malaysia is a multi-religious society, and Islam is the country's official religion. According to government census figures in 2009, the four main religions are Islam (55.4% of the people), Buddhism (27.2%), Christianity (9.1%, mostly in East Malaysia, i.e., Borneo), and Hinduism (10.8%).
Culture[change | change source]
Malaysia is a multi-ethnic, multi-cultural and multilingual society, consisting of 65% Malays and other indigenous tribes, 25% Chinese, 7% Indians. The Malays, which form the largest community, are all Muslims since one has to be Muslim to be legally Malay under Malaysian law. The Malays play a dominant role politically and are included in a grouping identified as bumiputera. Their native language is Malay (Bahasa Melayu).
Food and drink[change | change source]
Many cultures from within the country and from surrounding areas have influenced the cuisine. Much of the influence comes from the Malay, Chinese, Indian, Thai, Javanese, and Sumatran cultures, largely because the country was part of the ancient spice route.
Food from one culture is sometimes also cooked using ways taken from another culture, for example, shrimp paste (belacan) and sambal are commonly used by Chinese restaurants for cooking. This means that although much of Malaysian food can be traced back to a certain culture, they have their own identity. Rice is popular in many dishes. Chili is commonly found in local cuisine, although this does not necessarily make them spicy. Examples are laksa, which is a spicy noodle dish common in Malaysia and teh tarik, which is a popular drink.
Sports[change | change source]
Malaysia's national sports centre is the Bukit Jalil Sports Complex. Nicol David (squash) and Lee Chong Wei (badminton) are notable athletes from Malaysia. Malaysia won 12 gold medals in the Commonwealth Games 2010 in India, and broke their Commonwealth Games target.
Transport[change | change source]
Malaysia's road network covers 98,721 kilometres (61,342 mi) and includes 1,821 kilometres (1,132 mi) of expressways. The longest highway of the country, the North-South Expressway, extends over 800 kilometres (497 mi) between the Thai border and Singapore. The road systems in Sabah and Sarawak are less developed and of lower quality in comparison to that of Peninsular Malaysia. Malaysia has 118 airports, of which 38 are paved. The official airline of Malaysia is Malaysia Airlines, providing international and domestic air service alongside two other carriers. The railway system is state-run, and covers a total of 1,849 kilometres (1,149 mi). There are also Light Rail Transit in Kuala Lumpur.
Related pages[change | change source]
- States of Malaysia
- List of rivers of Malaysia
- Malaysia at the Olympics
- Malaysia national football team
References[change | change source]
- "Malaysian Flag and Coat of Arms". Malaysian government. http://www.malaysia.gov.my/EN/Main/MsianGov/MsianFlagAndCrest/Pages/MsianFlagAndCrest.aspx. Retrieved 26 October 2010.
- "Malaysia". CIA. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/my.html. Retrieved 26 October 2010.
- "Malaysia". United States State Department. 14 July 2010. http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2777.htm. Retrieved 14 September 2010.
- "Taburan Penduduk dan Ciri-ciri Asas Demografi". Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia. p. 5. http://www.statistics.gov.my/portal/download_Population/files/census2010/Taburan_Penduduk_dan_Ciri-ciri_Asas_Demografi.pdf. Retrieved 4 October 2011.
- "Malaysia". International Monetary Fund. http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2011/01/weodata/weorept.aspx?sy=2008&ey=2011&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=548&s=NGDPD%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPPC%2CLP&grp=0&a=&pr.x=39&pr.y=10. Retrieved 30 April 2011.
- "Human Development Report 2011". United Nations. http://hdr.undp.org/en/media/HDR_2011_EN_Table1.pdf. Retrieved 2 November 2011.
- Wong Chun Wai; Edwards, Audrey (4 June 2007). "Back to Bahasa Malaysia". The Star. http://thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=/2007/6/4/nation/17923478&sec=nation. Retrieved 26 October 2010.
- "Federal Constitution". Judicial Appointments Commission. Archived from the original on 2012-04-24. http://www.webcitation.org/679mGikZK. Retrieved 29 November 2011.
- National Language Act 1967
- United Nations Member States
Other websites[change | change source]
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|States and Federal Territories of Malaysia|
|States: Johor | Kedah | Kelantan | Malacca | Negeri Sembilan | Pahang | Perak | Perlis | Penang | Sabah | Sarawak | Selangor | Terengganu|
|Federal Territories: Kuala Lumpur | Labuan | Putrajaya|