Jordan

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Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
اَلمَمْلَكَة اَلأُرْدُنِيَّة اَلهَاشِمِيَّة
Al-Mamlakah Al-Urdaniyyah Al-Hashimiyyah
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: Arabic: الله، الوطن، الملك
Transliteration: Allah, Al-Watan, Al-Malek
Translation: "God, Fatherland, The King"
Anthem: عاش الملك  
The Royal Anthem of Jordan
  ("As-salam al-malaki al-urdoni")1
Long Live the King
Capital Amman
31°57′N 35°56′E / 31.95°N 35.933°E / 31.95; 35.933
Official languages Arabic[1]
Spoken languages English, French, Circassian (Adyghe&Kabardey) Chechen, Persian, Kurdish, Turkish
Ethnic groups Arab 98%
Circassian 1%
Armenian 1%
Demonym Jordanian
Government Constitutional monarchy[2]
 -  King Abdullah II
 -  Prime Minister Fayez al-Tarawneh
Independence
 -  End of British League of Nations mandate
25 May 1946 
Area
 -  Total 89,342 km2 (112th)
35,637 sq mi
 -  Water (%) 0.8
Population
 -  July 2011 estimate 6,508,271[3] (106th)
 -  July 2004 census 5,611,202
 -  Density 68.4/km2 (133rd)
138.8/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $36.040 billion[4] (98th)
 -  Per capita $5,759[4] (108th)
GDP (nominal) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $29.964 billion[4] (90th)
 -  Per capita $4,788[4] (96th)
Gini (2002–03) 38.8
medium
HDI (2011) Increase 0.698[5]
medium · 95th
Currency Jordanian dinar (JOD)
Time zone UTC+2 (UTC+2)
 -  Summer (DST) UTC+3 (UTC+3)
Drives on the right
Calling code 962
Internet TLD .jo, الاردن.
1. Also serves as the Royal anthem.
A map of Jordan

Jordan is a country in the Middle East. Its official name is The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan.

Geography[change | change source]

Jordan has borders with the countries of Saudi Arabia, Israel, Syria and Iraq. It also has a very short coast on the Red Sea, and a longer coast along the Dead Sea.

Most of Jordan is desert and the country is very dry. The northwest of Jordan is its highest part, and its lowest part is the Dead Sea. This is the lowest place on the Earth that is open to the sky.

The capital of Jordan is Amman.

Governorates[change | change source]

Jordan is divided into 12 Governorates. The governorates are divided into 54 departments or districts named Nahias.

Governorate Capital Region
Ajloun Governorate Ajloun North
Aqaba Governorate Aqaba South
Balqa Governorate Salt Central
Capital Governorate Amman Central
Irbid Governorate Irbid North
Jerash Governorate Jerash North
Governorate Capital Location
Karak Governorate Al Karak South
Ma'an Governorate Ma'an South
Madaba Governorate Madaba Central
Mafraq Governorate Mafraq North
Tafilah Governorate Tafilah South
Zarqa Governorate Zarqa Central

Culture[change | change source]

People from Jordan are called Jordanians. Most of them speak Arabic as their first language. The population of Jordan is about 5.7 million people.

Jordan is a constitutional monarchy and has a king. The King is the head of state, but he does not have all the power in the country. King Abdullah II has been the King of Jordan since February 1999. Most Jordanians are Muslim. There are around 200-400 000 Christians.

Jordan's national meal is mansaf. The most popular sport is football.

Economy[change | change source]

Unlike some of the countries around it, Jordan has little petroleum and natural gas. Some of its economy comes from mining instead. Jordan is the largest producer of the mineral phosphate in the world.

The currency of Jordan is called the Jordanian dinar.

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Jordan at Wikimedia Commons