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Kingdom of Thailand
|Anthem: Phleng Chat Thai|
(English: "Thai National Anthem")
and largest city
|Bangkok (Thai: Krung Thep)1|
|Secondary language||English |
Other spoken languages
|Official scripts||Thai alphabet|
|Ethnic groups||Thai (75%)|
|Government||Unitary parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy|
|House of Representatives|
|6 April 1782|
|24 June 1932|
|24 August 2007|
|513,120 km2 (198,120 sq mi) (51st)|
• Water (%)
|0.4 (2,230 km2)|
• 2011 estimate
• 2010 census
|132.1/km2 (342.1/sq mi) (88th)|
|GDP (PPP)||2011 estimate|
|$616.783 billion (24th)|
• Per capita
|GDP (nominal)||2011 estimate|
|$332.47 billion (30th)|
• Per capita
|HDI (2011)|| 0.682|
medium · 103rd
|Currency||Baht (฿) (THB)|
|ISO 3166 code||TH|
|Internet TLD||.th, .ไทย|
Thailand (// TY-land or // TY-lənd; Thai: ประเทศไทย, RTGS: Prathet Thai), officially the Kingdom of Thailand (Thai: ราชอาณาจักรไทย, RTGS: Ratcha Anachak Thai; IPA: [râːt.tɕʰā ʔāːnāːtɕàk tʰāj] (listen)), is a country in Southeast Asia. Its neighbours are Laos, Cambodia, Malaysia, and Myanmar. Its name was Siam until June 1939 and between 1945 and May 11 1949. The word Thai (ไทย) comes from the ethnic group in the center of Thailand.
Most people here (95%) follow the philosophy called Buddhism. Smaller number of people (4.4%), mostly to the south, follow Islam. Other religions in Thailand are Christianity, Hinduism, and Sikhism. Some Muslims in the south have begun fighting the government because they want to be more independent.
History[change | change source]
A century later, a bigger kingdom named Ayuthaya appeared south of Sukhothai. Later Sukhothai became a part of Ayuthaya. Ayuthaya existed for more than 400 years before its fall by the attack of a Burmese kingdom.
Before 1932, Thailand was an absolute monarchy. On June 24, 1932, a group of people did a coup and changed Thailand to a constitutional monarchy. It was not until 1973 that Thai people voted for a Prime Minister in an election. There were coups both before and after this year.
In May 2014, a new military coup d'état removed another government.
Between 1932 and 2014, Thailand had 12 coup d'etats.
Provinces[change | change source]
Thailand is made up of 76 provinces (จังหวัด, changwat), put into 5 groups. There are 2 specially governed districts: the capital Bangkok and Pattaya. The 76 provinces including Bangkok are as follows:
Central[change | change source]
- Ang Thong
- Bangkok (Krung Thep Maha Nakhon), Special Governed District of
- Chai Nat
- Nakhon Nayok
- Nakhon Pathom
- Pathum Thani
- Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya
- Prachuap Khiri Khan
- Samut Prakan
- Samut Sakhon
- Samut Songkhram
- Sing Buri
- Suphan Buri
East[change | change source]
North[change | change source]
- Chiang Mai
- Chiang Rai
- Kamphaeng Phet
- Mae Hong Son
- Nakhon Sawan
- Uthai Thani
Northeast (Isan)[change | change source]
- Amnat Charoen
- Bueng Kan
- Buri Ram
- Khon Kaen
- Maha Sarakham
- Nakhon Phanom
- Nakhon Ratchasima
- Nong Bua Lamphu
- Nong Khai
- Roi Et
- Sakon Nakhon
- Si Sa Ket
- Ubon Ratchathani
- Udon Thani
South[change | change source]
- Nakhon Si Thammarat
- Phang Nga
- Surat Thani
NOTE: In italics , that province is about the Greater Bangkok sub-region; in italics , that province is about the West sub-region.
References[change | change source]
Footnotes[change | change source]
- Thailand, CIA World Factbook.
- West, Barbara A. (2009), Encyclopedia of the Peoples of Asia and Oceania, Facts on File, p. 794
- "Wayback Machine" (PDF). 16 July 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-16.
- National Statistics Office. "100th anniversary of population censuses in Thailand: Population and housing census 2010: 11th census of Thailand" (in Thai), online accessible at:  Archived 2012-07-12 at the Wayback Machine, retrieved on 30 January 2012.
- "Report for Thailand". World Economic Outlook Database. International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 25 July 2011.
- "Human Development Report". UNDP. 2009. Archived from the original on 16 January 2013. Retrieved 27 October 2011.
- "Human Development Report 2011 – Human development statistical annex" (PDF). HDRO (Human Development Report Office) United Nations Development Programme. pp. 127–130. Retrieved 2 November 2011.
- "Merriam-Webster Online". Merriam-webster.com. 25 April 2007. Retrieved 25 April 2010.
- Thailand (Siam) History, CSMngt-Thai.
- https://www.bangkokpost.com/thailand/general/2264075/low-birth-rate-worries-experts. Retrieved 15 Februar 2022
- Limited, Bangkok Post Public Company. "Shifting Thai alliances in the 21st century". Bangkok Post.
Further reading[change | change source]
Other websites[change | change source]
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- Thaigov.go.th Royal Government of Thailand
- Tourism Authority of Thailand Official tourism website
- Thai National Assembly Archived 2008-05-13 at the Wayback Machine Official Thai Parliament website
- Mfa.go.th Thailand Ministry of Foreign Affairs
- Birdwatching in Thailand
- Learn Thai Culture.com
- CIA - The World Factbook - Thailand Archived 2010-12-29 at the Wayback Machine
- Thailand Country Fact Sheet from the Common Language Project
- Longdo Map Thailand On-line Thailand map
- Holidays Thailand Archived 2008-04-11 at the Wayback Machine Holidays In Thailand