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The Gaza Strip is a Palestinian stretch of land along the Mediterranean. The main city in the Gaza Strip is called Gaza. The strip is not currently part of any recognized country. It is governed by the Palestinian political party Hamas, within the confines of Israel's military occupation.
It is one of the most densely populated areas on Earth. About 1.8 million people live on a surface of roughly 360 km².
Israel withdrew Jewish-only settlements and troops from Gaza in 2005, but retains control of the Strip's borders, coastline and airspace. It has since then subjected Gaza to a blockade, severely restricting Gazans' freedom of movement and access to essential goods. Gaza is recognized as occupied territory under international law by the United Nations, Amnesty International, the International Committee of the Red Cross, and several other organizations. Israel disputes this.
80% of the inhabitants are recognized as refugees by the United Nations Works Relief Agency (UNWRA). They live in cities which they call refugee camps. The main problems facing the area are assaults by the Israeli military, unemployment, poverty, lack of access to clean drinking water, lack of access to higher education, lack of access to electricity, and malnutrition as a result of the Israeli blockade.