Macau

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Macao Special Administrative [1]
Region of the People's
Republic of China

  • 中華人民共和國澳門特別行政區
  • Região Administrativa Especial de Macau da República Popular da China
Flag of Macau
Flag
Emblem of Macau
Emblem
Anthem: 
Clockwise from top right:Ruins of St. Paul's; Casino Lisboa; St Joseph Seminary Church; Governor Nobre de Carvalho Bridge; A-Ma Temple; Guia Fortress; Macau Tower.
Location of Macau
Official languages
Spoken languages
Writing systems
Ethnic groups
Demonym Macanese
Government Special administrative region
Fernando Chui
Florinda Chan
Sam Hou Fai
Lau Cheok Va
Legislature Legislative Assembly
Establishment
• Portuguese administration
1557
• Portuguese colony
1 December 1887
20 December 1999
Area
• Total
29.5 km2 (11.4 sq mi) (235th)
• Water (%)
0
Population
• 2012a estimate
568,700[3] (167th)
• 2011 census
552,503[4] (167th)
• Density
18,568/km2 (48,090.9/sq mi) (1st)
GDP (PPP) 2011 estimate
• Total
US$47.19 billion (98th)
• Per capita
US$82,400 (4th)
GDP (nominal) 2012 [5] estimate
• Total
US$44.300 billion (98th)
• Per capita
US$77,353 (4th)
HDI (2007) Steady 0.944[6]
very high · 25th
Currency Macanese pataca (MOP)
Time zone MST (UTC+8)
• Summer (DST)
not observed (UTC)
Drives on the left
Calling code +853
ISO 3166 code MO
Internet TLD .mo
  1. Second quarter.
Macau
Macau in Chinese T.png
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese 澳門
Simplified Chinese 澳门
Cantonese Jyutping ou3mun4*2
Cantonese Yale Oumùhn
Hanyu Pinyin Àomén
Literal meaning Bay gate
Macao Special Administrative Region
Traditional Chinese 澳門特別行政區 (or 澳門特區)
Simplified Chinese 澳门特别行政区 (or 澳门特区)
Portuguese name
Portuguese Região Administrativa Especial de Macau for "Macau Special Administrative Region"

The Macao Special Administrative Region (Macau or Macao, simplified Chinese: 澳门; traditional Chinese: 澳門; pinyin: Aomen; Jyutping: Ou Mun) is one of China's two Special Administrative Regions. (The other one is Hong Kong). Macau is a small city in the southern coast in China. Like Hong Kong, Macau has a large amount of autonomy, with its own passport, currency, economic rules, and constitution.

It consists of Macau Peninsula (Aomen Bandao), Taipa Island (Dangzai Dao), Coloane Island (Luhuan Dao) and Cotai (Ludangcheng), the new reclaimed land between Taipa and Coloane. It is very densely populated, with over half a million people living in just over 12 square miles.

Macao used to be a colony of Portugal. Although Portuguese is an official language alongside Chinese (as a result of it being a Portuguese colony in the past), very few Macanese actually speak Portuguese; only about 0.7% speak it at home. As a matter of fact, English is more commonly spoken, despite it not being an official language (about 2.3% speak it at home). Cantonese is the main dialect of Chinese spoken in Macau. However, Mandarin has also become more common since Portugal returned it to China in 1999.[7]

Today, Macao mostly lives off of offshore gambling. In fact, Macau makes 7 times as much money as Las Vegas per year[8]. They also make some money from exporting clothing.

References[change | change source]

  1. As reflected in the Chinese text of the Macau emblem, the text of the Macao Basic Law, and the Macao Government Website, the full name of the territory is the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China. Although the convention of "Macao Special Administrative Region", "Macao" and "Macau" can also be used.
  2. The Macau Basic Law states that the official languages are "Chinese and Portuguese." It does not explicitly specify the standard for "Chinese". While Mandarin and Simplified Chinese characters are used as the spoken and written standards in mainland China, Cantonese and Traditional Chinese characters are the long-established de facto standards in Macau.
  3. "Demographic Statistics for the 2nd Quarter 2012". Statistics and Census Service. Macao SAR Government. Retrieved 10 August 2012. 
  4. "Results of 2011 Population Census". Statistics and Census Service. Macao SAR Government. Retrieved 14 August 2012. 
  5. CIA World Factbook
  6. "Macao in Figures 2010". Statistics and Census Service, Macau SAR. 2010. Retrieved 1 July 2010. 
  7. "What language is spoken in Macau?". 
  8. Riley, Charles. "Macau's gambling industry dwarfs Vegas". CNN.