Fujian (Chinese: 福建; pinyin: Fú jiàn; listen) is a province on the southeast coast of China. The capital is Fuzhou.
Most of Fujian is administered by the People's Republic of China. However some Fujian areas like Kinmen (also called Quemoy) and Matsu are under the control of the Republic of China. The PRC however, still claim that Kinmen and Matsu to be part of Fujian Province of the PRC.
Geography[change | change source]
Fujian is separated from Taiwan by the 180km wide Taiwan Strait. Some of the small islands in the strait are also part of the province. Small parts of the province, namely the islands of Kinmen and Matsu, are under the administration of the Republic of China. The area of Fujian is about 121,400 square kilometers.
- Administrative divisions
The People's Republic of China controls most of the province, and divides it into nine prefecture-level divisions.
|1||Fuzhou||福州市||Fúzhōu Shì||Prefecture-level city|
|2||Xiamen||厦门市||Xiàmén Shì||Sub-provincial city|
|3||Longyan||龙岩市||Lóngyán Shì||Prefecture-level city|
|4||Nanping||南平市||Nánpíng Shì||Prefecture-level city|
|5||Ningde||宁德市||Nánpíng Shì||Prefecture-level city|
|6||Putian||莆田市||Pútián Shì||Prefecture-level city|
|7||Quanzhou||泉州市||Quánzhōu Shì||Prefecture-level city|
|8||Sanming||三明市||Sānmíng Shì||Prefecture-level city|
|9||Zhangzhou||漳州市||Zhāngzhōu Shì||Prefecture-level city|
All of these cities except Longyan, Sanming, and Nanping are found along the coast.
Economy[change | change source]
Fujian is one of the powerhouses in Chinese economy. In 2008, Fujian's nominal GDP rose by 13% from the previous year. With year-over-year growth rate of ~10% in past years, Fujian's 2017 GDP reached 3.23 trillion Yuan (1 Yuan is about 0.66 US $ in 2017).This puts Fujian in No. 10 spot among Chinese provinces by GDP ranking.
Demographics[change | change source]
The population is 34.71 million (2000 population census). Han Chinese make up most of the population.In 2018, the population increased to 39.11 million.
Famous people[change | change source]
- Huang Qiaoshan (871–953), Vice-Minister of Works, Tang dynasty.
- Zheng Qiao (1108–1166), historian.
- Zhu Xi (1130–1200), Confucian philosopher.
- Lin Zexu (1785–1850), scholar and official.
- Lin Shu (1852–1924), translator.
See alsp[change | change source]
Dialects[change | change source]
- There are several local dialects spoken by people from different regions in Fujian. People from the South (Xiamen, Quanzhou, etc.) speak Min, also known as Hokkien.
References[change | change source]
- ↑ "Fujian GDP expected to hit 1 trillion yuan". www.chinadaily.com.cn.
- ↑ "U.S. Dollar to Chinese Yuan Spot Exchange Rates for 2017 from the Bank of England". www.poundsterlinglive.com. Retrieved 2018-10-10.
- ↑ "Fujian Demographics - China Maps [Map-Manage-System(MMS)]". www.chinamaps.info. Archived from the original on 2009-02-23. Retrieved 2009-09-08.
- ↑ "2018年全国各省人口总数排行榜-世界人口大全-2017年 2018年". www.chamiji.com. Retrieved 2018-10-10.
Other websites[change | change source]
- Fujian Government website Archived 2005-05-07 at the Wayback Machine