For the US State, please see Georgia (U.S. State)
|Motto: Dzala ertobashia (ძალა ერთობაშია)
(English: "Strength is in Unity")
|Anthem: Tavisupleba (თავისუფლება)
and largest city
|Ethnic groups (2002)||83.8% Georgian,
|Government||Unitary semi-presidential republic|
|-||Independence from Russian Empire||May 26, 1918|
|-||Independence from the Soviet Union Declared
|April 9, 1991
December 25, 1991
|-||69,700 km2 (120th)
26,911 sq mi
|-||2010 estimate||4,636,400 (121st)|
|GDP (PPP)||2010 estimate|
|GDP (nominal)||2010 estimate|
|HDI (2010)|| 0.698
medium · 74th
|Currency||Lari (ლ) (GEL)|
|Time zone||UTC (UTC+4)|
|-||Summer (DST)||not observed (UTC+4)|
|Drives on the||right|
Georgia is a country in Eastern Europe, located on the coast of the Black Sea. During 1991-1995 its full name was the Republic of Georgia but since 1995 it is Georgia as written in the Constitution. Before, it was part of the Soviet Union, but now it is an independent republic. The capital city is Tbilisi. Its population is almost 5 million.
Geography[change | change source]
Highest mountain in Georgia is Mount Shkhara at 5,068 m. The coastline of Georgia is 310 km long. Georgia has about 25,000 rivers. Largest river is the Mtkvari.
The capital of Georgia is called Tbilisi.
Culture[change | change source]
The population of Georgia is about 5 million. About 1.3 million of these live in Tbilisi. People from Georgia are called Georgians. Most of them speak Georgian as their first language, though some people also speak Azerbaijani, Armenian, Russian or other languages.
Georgians have their own unique three alphabets. They were invented by King Pharnavaz I of Iberia.
The most famous person to have come from Georgia is Josef Stalin.
The currency of Georgia is called the lari.
History[change | change source]
The Georgians are an ancient people. Their Capital Tbilisi was founded around AD 400, after the end of the Roman Empire . Western Georgia was part of the Roman empire before then. The Arabs captured it in 635 AD. The culture continued and they flourished through trade. In the 900s Arabs were weaker and Georgia became their own country again. It was the major country in the region until the Mongols invaded in 1223. Georgia was part of the Mongolian empire for a century on and off until 1334, when King Giorgi V took over. In the 1500s the Persians invaded Georgia four times from 1541-1544. In 1555 the Kings of Kartli ruled through the will of the Persian Shahs.
In 1783 The treaty of Georgievsk was signed between Catherine the Great of Russia and King Heraclius II , giving Russia the power to protect Georgia. Then, in 1798 the Persians burned Tbilisi to the ground.
In 1991 Georgia declared their independence and they have been their own country ever since. There was a rough patch between 1994 and 1995 when the economy was poor, but now Georgia is a country with close ties with the United States. They are currently applying to NATO.
In 2008 Georgia was involved in the 2008 South Ossetia war.
Related pages[change | change source]
References[change | change source]
- "Article 1.3", Constitution of Georgia
- "Article 8", Constitution of Georgia. In Abkhazia, also Abkhazian.
- "CIA Factbook Georgia". Cia.gov. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/gg.html. Retrieved 2012-06-10.
- "Statistics Georgia". GE: Geostat. http://www.geostat.ge/?action=page&p_id=472&lang=geo. Retrieved November 2, 2010.
- "Georgia". International Monetary Fund. http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2011/01/weodata/weorept.aspx?sy=2008&ey=2011&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=915&s=NGDPD%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPPC%2CLP&grp=0&a=&pr.x=30&pr.y=16. Retrieved April 26, 2011.
- "Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations. 2010. http://hdr.undp.org/en/media/HDR_2010_EN_Table1.pdf. Retrieved November 5, 2010.
- International Geographic Encyclopaedia and Atlas. Springer, 24 November 1979, p. 273
- Stephen White, Valentina Feklyunina. Identities and Foreign Policies in Russia, Ukraine and Belarus: The Other Europes. Springer, Oct 22, 2014 :"The Great Soviet Atlas put the entire Caucasus inside 'Europe', as far as the Turkish border with the USSR (Efremov, “Obsuzhdenie', p. 145); so did the Great Soviet Encyclopedia..."
Other websites[change | change source]
- Full information about (country) Georgia (English, German, Russian, Georgian)
- Friends of Georgia (Friends of Georgia International Foundation Website, including information on History, Culture, Gastronomy, News, etc.)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Georgia (country)|