Føroyar (in Faroese)
Færøerne (in Danish)
|Motto: Vivre Libre ou Mourir ("Live free or die")|
|Anthem: Tú alfagra land mítt|
Thou, my most beauteous land
and largest city
|Official languages||Faroese, Danish|
|Ethnic groups||91% Faroese|
|Government||Parliamentary democracy within a constitutional monarchy|
|Dan M. Knudsen|
|Aksel V. Johannesen|
within the Kingdom of Denmark
|14 January 1814|
• Home rule
|1 April 1948|
|1,399 km2 (540 sq mi) (180th)|
• Water (%)
• July 2017 estimate
|50,730  (211th)|
• 2011 census
|35/km2 (90.6/sq mi)|
|GDP (PPP)||2008 estimate|
• Per capita
|GDP (nominal)||2008 estimate|
• Per capita
|Currency||Faroese króna[d] (DKK)|
|Time zone||UTC+0 (WET)|
• Summer (DST)
|ISO 3166 code||FO|
a. ^ Danish monarchy reached the Faeroes in 1380 with the reign of Olav IV in Norway.
b. ^ The Faeroes, Greenland and Iceland were formally Norwegian possessions until 1814 despite 400 years of Danish monarchy beforehand.
They are a part of the Kingdom of Denmark, but have had local (autocratic) rule since 1948, and people in the Faroe Islands have had the right to do business with people from all countries since 1856. Most government matters are controlled by the Faroese government, except for military defense. The Faroes have similarities to Iceland, Shetland, the Orkney Islands, the Outer Hebrides and Greenland. The island group, or archipelago, left Norway in 1815. The Faroes have their own representatives in the Nordic Council.
History[change | change source]
The first recorded evidence of people living in the Faroe Islands was written in the 9th century. Irish monks had lived here.
Regions and municipalities[change | change source]
Administratively, the islands are divided into 34 municipalities within which there are 120 or so cities and villages. Traditionally, there are also the six sýslur ("regions"; Norðoyar, Eysturoy, Streymoy, Vágar, Sandoy and Suðuroy).
Geography[change | change source]
The Faroe Islands are eighteen islands off the coast of Northern Europe, between the Norwegian Sea and the north Atlantic Ocean. Its area is 1,399 square kilometres (540 sq. mi), and has no major lakes or rivers. There are 1,117 kilometres (694 mi) of coastline, and no land boundaries with any other country. The only island that does not have anybody living on it is Lítla Dímun.
Distances to nearest countries and islands[change | change source]
- Sula Sgeir (uninhabited, Scotland): 240 km (149 mi)
- Shetland (Scotland): 280 km (174 mi)
- Scotland (British Mainland): 310 km (193 mi)
- Iceland: 450 km (280 miles)
- Norway: 675 km (419 miles)
- Ireland: 678 km (421 miles)
Economy[change | change source]
Fish, raising sheep, and tourism are important parts of the economy of the Faroe Islands. The economy was in trouble around 1990. Unemployment decreased in the later 1990s. It was down to about 6% at the end of 1998. By June 2008 unemployment had declined to 1.1%, before rising to 3.4% in early 2009. However, since fishing is so important to the economy, if there are problems with fishing, the economy could be in trouble Since 2000, new business projects have been created in the Faroe Islands to attract new investment. The introduction of Burger King in Tórshavn was widely publicized but no one knows how things will go for this company. Trades on the islands are easy by the bridges or the tunnels that connect 80% of the population in the islands.
Population (1327-2004)[change | change source]
Culture[change | change source]
Ólavsøka[change | change source]
The official part of the celebration starts on the 29th, with the opening of the Faroese Parliament. In the day there is a procession with many people from the churches in the islands.
The Nordic House in the Faroe Islands[change | change source]
The Nordic House in the Faroe Islands (Faroese: Norðurlandahúsið) is the most important cultural institution in the Faroes. It supports Nordic and Faroese culture, locally and in the Nordic region. The House is managed by a director changed every four years.
Music[change | change source]
In the islands there are many artists and musicians, with the most famous listed below:
In the Islands,there are music festivals,where international musicians participating, like
Food[change | change source]
Traditional Faroese food is mainly based on meat and potatoes and uses few fresh vegetables. A very important meat in the islands is lamb, the first ingredient of many dishes. Other typical dishes from the islands are fresh fish, blubber, whale, seabirds, and Faroese puffins and their eggs.
Climate[change | change source]
The climate is defined as subarctic oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification: Cfa), with cool summers, and with cold winters. Usually there is fog or a heavy wind that causes air traffic problems.
Animals and vegetation in the islands[change | change source]
There are more sheep than people in the Faroe Islands. The islands have no native mammals, because the islands are far away from land. Many species of birds live sometimes in the islands, like eider, starling, wren, guillemot, and black guillemot. Only a few species of wild land seals live in the Faroe Islands today, the grey seals. Sometimes tourists can see whales in the waters near the islands. Grey Seals are very common around the Faroese shores. The natural vegetation of the Faroe Islands is like in the Scottish islands or in Ireland. It is mostly wild flowers, grasses, moss and lichen.
References[change | change source]
- Statistical Facts about the Faroe Islands, http://www.tinganes.fo/Default.aspx?ID=219 Archived 2012-07-22 at the Wayback Machine, The Prime Minister's Office. Retrieved 13 July 2011.
- https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/fo.html Archived 2019-05-06 at the Wayback Machine CIA - The World Factbook. Retrieved 25 February 2018.
- "History of the Faroe Islands". Visit Faroe Islands. Retrieved 2021-03-29.[permanent dead link]
- "Administrative divisions of the Faroe Islands | Project Gutenberg Self-Publishing - eBooks | Read eBooks online". self.gutenberg.org. Retrieved 2021-03-29.
- "Geography". faroeislands.fo. Retrieved 2021-03-29.
- Statistics Faroe Islands; Labour Market and Wages, accessed 4 August 2009
- "Geology, fauna and flora". Visit Faroe Islands. Retrieved 2021-03-29.
- Proctor, James (2008). Faroe Islands. Bradt Travel Guides. ISBN 978-1-84162-224-8.
Other websites[change | change source]
- Official site Archived 2009-04-04 at the Wayback Machine
- Flick photo set
- National Library of the Faroe Islands Archived 2008-09-15 at the Wayback Machine
- Introduction to the Faroe Islands
- Photo-gallery of Faroe Islands Archived 2008-01-10 at the Wayback Machine
- Official site of the Nordic House in the Faroe Islands
- Faroephotos Archived 2008-02-14 at the Wayback Machine
- Pictures from the Faroe Islands Archived 2016-01-25 at the Wayback Machine