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Some well-known Poles and people with Polish roots.
Top: Marie Curie, Pope John Paul II, Nicolaus Copernicus, Lech Wałęsa, Conrad.
Middle: Gretzky, Jan III Sobieski, Tadeusz Kościuszko, Rejewski, Wajda, Kolbe.
Bottom: Józef Piłsudski, Lem, Brzeziński, Warner, Wielicki, Wolszczan, Negri.
Total population
60 million (est.)[1]
Regions with significant populations
Poland 38,860,000[2]
United States 10,024,711[3]
Brazil 1,800,000[4]
Germany 1,055,700[5]
Canada 984,565[6]
France 900,000
United Kingdom (est.) 500,000[1][7]
Belarus 400,000[8]
Lithuania 250,000[9]
Russia 173,000[10]
Australia 150,900[11]
Ukraine 144,130[12]
Norway 120,000[13]
Argentina 100,000[14]
Spain 78,305[15]
Ireland 63,090[16]
Czech Republic 52,000[17]
Latvia 51,995[18]
Italy 50,790[19]
Mexico 50,000[20]
Kazakhstan 47,293[21]
Netherlands 39,500[22]
Austria 21,000[23]
Iceland 10,000[24]
Turkey 5,000[25]
Rest of World 1,145,000 (est.)[26]
Predominantly Roman Catholicism with Orthodox, Protestant, Atheist and Jewish minorities.

The Polish people, or Poles (Polish: Polacy, singular Polak) as a nation, they are bounded by the Polish language, which belongs to the Lechitic subgroup of west slavic languages of Central Europe, living mainly in Poland. Their religion is mainly Roman Catholic. They use modified Latin alphabet.

There are about 60 million Poles in the world. Besides Poland, many live in the United States, Brazil, Germany, Canada, France, the United Kingdom, Ukaine and elsewhere.

The most famous Poles are Pope John Paul II, Maria Skłodowska-Curie, Nicolaud Copernicus and Lech Wałęsa.

Polish names have an ending "-ski", "-ska", "-cki" or "-cka".

The most popular Polish surnames are Nowak and Kowalski.

Notes[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Świat Polonii, witryna Stowarzyszenia Wspólnota Polska: „Polacy za granicą” (Polish people abroad as per summary by Świat Polonii, internet portal of the Polish Association Wspólnota Polska)
  2. Excel spreadsheet from Polish Central Statistical Office
  3. 2006 Community Survey
  4. Polish Society in Brazil
  5. (German) Bevölkerung mit Migrationshintergrund - Ergebnisse des Mikrozensus 2005 Statistisches Bundesamt Deutschland (German text about migrants in Germany) 886 KiBPDF.
  6. List of Canadians by ethnicity
  7. (English) Poles in the UK, Polish Express, source: government statistics.
    ^ (Polish) According to Tomasz Ziemba from Polish Express online 1,020,000 Polish visitors in the UK logged into Polish chatroom Gadu–Gadu in January: Policzyło nas Gadu–Gadu
    ^ (Polish) Tomasz Wybranowski, Korespondencja, Tygodnik Przegląd, 22.08.2007, onet.pl
    ^ (English) Steve Doughty, Daily Mail, Office for National Statistics recorded the number of Poles who have travelled to the UK in 2006 at over 2,000,000. The number of those who stay exceeds 250,000.
  8. Poles in Belarus
  9. Poles in Lithuania
  10. Poles in Russia
  11. Poles in AustraliaPDF (56.3 KiB)
  12. Poles in Ukraine
  13. Aftenposten.no: - 120.000 polakker i Norge (Innenriks)
  14. Poles in Argentina
  15. http://www.ine.es/prensa/np503.pdf
  16. Poles in Ireland
  17. http://wtd.vlada.cz/files/rvk/rnm/zprava_mensiny_2001_en.pdfPDF (1.41 MiB)
  18. [1]
  19. Poles in Italy (click on Tutti i Paesi - Tavola)
  20. Poles in Mexico
  21. [2]PDF (87.2 KiB)
  22. Poles in NetherlandsPDF (162 KiB)
  23. Poles in AustriaPDF
  24. www.hagstofa.is
  25. www.polonezkoy.com
  26. Poles around the World (>polonia > statystyka)
  27. Polonia