Poles

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Poles
Polacy
Matejko Christianization of Poland.jpg
Total population
c. 60 million[1]
Regions with significant populations
 Poland   38,000,000[2][3][4]
   United States10,600,000[1][5][4][3]
   Brazil3,000,000[5]
   Germany2,850,000[6]
 Israel1,250,000 (ancestry, passport eligible);[7] 202,300 (citizenship)[8]
   Canada1,010,705[9]
   France1,000,000[1]
Other countries
   United Kingdom911,000[10][11]
   Argentina500,000[12]
   Belarus295,000[13]
   Russia273,000[14]
   Australia216,056[15]
   Lithuania164,000[16]
   Ukraine144,130[17]
   Ireland122,515[18]
   Norway120,000[19]
   Italy109,018[20]
   Sweden75,323[21]
   Belgium70,600[14]
   Spain70,606[22]
   Austria69,898[23]
   Netherlands60,000[14]
   Latvia44,783[24]
   Denmark37,876[25]
   Kazakhstan34,057[26]
   South Africa30,000[27]
   Czech Republic20,305[28]
   Paraguay16,748[29]
   United Arab Emirates14,500[14]
   Greece14,145
   Iceland10,540[30]
   Venezuela9,000[31]
   Peru7,000[32]
   Hungary5,730[33]
   Moldova4,174[34]
   Romania3,671[35]
   Slovakia3,084[36]
   Finland3,000[37]
   New Zealand2,166[38]
   Estonia1,747[39]
Languages
Polish • Kashubian • Silesian
Religion
Christianity: Predominantly Roman Catholicism[40]
Related ethnic groups
Other West Slavs: Silesians, Kashubs, Czechs, Slovaks, Moravians, Sorbs, Hanoverian Wends(†), Obotrites(†), Veleti(†)

The Polish people, or Poles (Polish: Polacy, singular Polak) are a Slavic nation and ethnic group native to Poland, they are bounded by the Polish language, which belongs to the Lechitic subgroup of west slavic languages of Central Europe, living mainly in Poland. Their religion is mainly Roman Catholic. They use modified Latin alphabet.

There are about 60 million Poles in the world. Besides Poland, many live in the United States, Australia, Brazil, Germany, Canada, France, the United Kingdom, Ukraine and elsewhere.

The most famous Poles are Pope John Paul II, Maria Skłodowska-Curie, Nicolaus Copernicus and Lech Wałęsa.

Polish names have an ending "-ski", "-ska", "-cki" or "-cka".

The most popular Polish surnames are Nowak and Kowalski.

Notes[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 37.5–38 million in Poland and 21–22 million ethnic Poles or people of ethnic Polish extraction elsewhere. "Polmap. Rozmieszczenie ludności pochodzenia polskiego (w mln)" Archived 2015-07-30 at the Wayback Machine.
  2. Central Statistical Office (January 2013). "The national-ethnic affiliation in the population – The results of the census of population and housing in 2011" (PDF) (in Polish). p. 1. Retrieved 6 March 2013.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Struktura narodowo-etniczna, językowa i wyznaniowa ludności Polski [Narodowy Spis Powszechny Ludności i Mieszkań 2011] (PDF) (in Polish). Warsaw: Główny Urząd Statystyczny. November 2015. pp. 129–136. ISBN 978-83-7027-597-6.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Główny Urząd Statystyczny (January 2013). Ludność. Stan i struktura demograficzno-społeczna [Narodowy Spis Powszechny Ludności i Mieszkań 2011] (PDF) (in Polish). Główny Urząd Statystyczny. pp. 89–101. Retrieved 12 December 2014.
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Stowarzyszenie Wspólnota Polska". Wspolnota-polska.org.pl. Archived from the original on 24 October 2013. Retrieved 21 August 2017.
  6. Herwartz, Christoph (16 June 2016). "Polen in Deutschland: Verstecken war gestern". Die Zeit.
  7. "ynet דרכון פולני בזכות הסבתא מוורשה - כלכלה". ynet. Retrieved 18 March 2015.
  8. "Jews, by Country of Origin and Age". Statistical Abstract of Israel (in English and Hebrew). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 26 September 2011. Retrieved 11 February 2012.
  9. "Ethnic Origin (264), Single and Multiple Ethnic Origin Responses (3), Generation Status (4), Age Groups (10) and Sex (3) for the Population in Private Households of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2011 National Household Survey".
  10. "Polish diaspora in numbers" (in Polish). association "Polish Community". Archived from the original on 24 October 2013. Retrieved 21 November 2013.
  11. British Office for National Statistics, [1]
  12. "Clarín.com – La ampliación de la Unión Europea habilita a 600 mil argentinos para ser comunitarios". Edant.clarin.com. Retrieved 14 November 2014.
  13. "Changes in the populations of the majority ethnic groups". Belstat.gov.by. Archived from the original on 28 July 2016. Retrieved 28 July 2016.
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 14.3 Wspólnota Polska. "Stowarzyszenie Wspólnota Polska". Wspolnota-polska.org.pl. Archived from the original on 24 October 2013. Retrieved 14 November 2014.
  15. [2][dead link]
  16. http://alkas.lt/2015/12/16/a-butkus-lietuvos-gyventojai-tautybes-poziuriu/
  17. "Ukrainian Census 2001". 2001.ukrcensus.gov.ua. Retrieved 14 November 2014.
  18. "Server Error 404 - CSO - Central Statistics Office" (PDF). Cso.ie. Retrieved 2017-08-20.
  19. "- 120.000 polakker i Norge". Aftenposten. Retrieved 18 March 2015.
  20. "ISTAT" (PDF). Istat.it. Retrieved 18 March 2015.
  21. "Befolkning efter födelseland och ursprungsland 31 december 2012" (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. 31 December 2013. Retrieved 22 December 2013.
  22. "Instituto Nacional de Estadística Population Figures at 1 January 2014 – Migration Statistics 2013" (PDF). Ine.es. Retrieved 2017-08-21.
  23. [3][dead link]
  24. "On key provisional results of Population and Housing Census 2011". Csb.gov.lv. Retrieved 14 November 2014.
  25. "Statistics Denmark:FOLK1: Population at the first day of the quarter by sex, age, ancestry, country of origin and citizenship". Statistics Denmark. Retrieved 26 September 2014.
  26. "Kazakhstan National Census 2009". Stat.kz.[permanent dead link]
  27. Wspólnota Polska. "Stowarzyszenie Wspólnota Polska". Wspolnota-polska.org.pl. Retrieved 14 November 2014.
  28. https://www.czso.cz/documents/11292/27914491/1612_c01t14.pdf/4bbedd77-c239-48cd-bf5a-7a43f6dbf71b?version=1.0
  29. "Ante la crisis, Europa y el mundo miran a Latinoamérica" (in Spanish). Acercando Naciones. 2012. Archived from the original on 2015-05-18.
  30. [4] Archived 2017-11-15 at the Wayback Machine.
  31. "Country – Venezuela : Joshua Project". Joshuaproject.net. Retrieved 14 November 2014.
  32. Erwin Dopf. "Migraciones europeas minoritarias". Espejodelperu.com.pe. Retrieved 14 November 2014.
  33. "2011 Census of Hungary" (PDF). Ksh.hu. Retrieved 2017-08-20.
  34. 2004 Moldovan census, including Transnistria
  35. 2002 Romanian census.
  36. "Statistics" (PDF). Portal.statistics.sk. Retrieved 2017-08-20.
  37. "Placówki Dyplomatyczne Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej". Helsinki.polemb.net. Archived from the original on 17 February 2012. Retrieved 14 November 2014.
  38. "2013 Census ethnic group profiles". Stats.govt.nz. Retrieved 2017-08-20.
  39. "Population by ethnic nationality". Statistics Estonia. Retrieved 30 March 2016.
  40. GUS, Narodowy Spis Powszechny Ludnosci 2011: 4.4. Przynależność wyznaniowa (National Survey 2011: 4.4 Membership in faith communities) p. 99/337 (PDF file, direct download 3.3 MB). ISBN 978-83-7027-521-1 Retrieved 27 December 2014.