Peru

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Republic of Peru
República del Perú
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: "Firme y Feliz por la Unión" (Spanish)
"Firm and Happy for the Union"
Anthem: Himno Nacional del Peru  (Spanish)
National Anthem of Peru
National seal:
Gran Sello de la República del Perú.svg
Gran Sello del Estado  (Spanish)
Great Seal of the State
Capital
and largest city
Lima
12°2.6′S 77°1.7′W / 12.0433°S 77.0283°W / -12.0433; -77.0283
Official languagesa Spanish (offical) 84.1% Quechua (official) 13% Aymara (official) 1.7%
Demonym Peruvian
Government Unitary presidential constitutional republic
 -  President Pedro Pablo Kuczynski
 -  Prime Minister Fernando Zavala
 -  Vice Presidents Martín Vizcarra
Mercedes Aráoz
Legislature Congress
President
Luz Salgado
Independence from Spain
 -  Declared July 28, 1821 
 -  Consolidated December 9, 1824 
 -  Current constitution December 31, 1993 
Area
 -  Total 1,285,216 km2 (20th)
496,225 sq mi
 -  Water (%) 0.41
Population
 -  2013 estimate 30,475,144 (40th)
 -  2007 census 28,220,764
 -  Density 23/km2 (191st)
57/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2013 estimate
 -  Total $352.875 billion[1]
 -  Per capita $11,403[1]
GDP (nominal) 2013 estimate
 -  Total $220.825 billion[1]
 -  Per capita $7,135[1]
Gini (2010)  46.0[2]
high · 35th
HDI (2013) Increase 0.741[3]
high · 77th
Currency Nuevo sol (PEN)
Time zone PET (UTC−5)
Date format dd.mm.yyyy (CE)
Drives on the right
Calling code +51
Internet TLD .pe
a. Quechua, Aymara and other indigenous languages are co-official in the areas where they predominate.
Peru
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 "Peru". International Monetary Fund. http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2013/01/weodata/weorept.aspx?sy=2011&ey=2018&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&pr1.x=52&pr1.y=3&c=273%2C228%2C233%2C293%2C238&s=NGDPD%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPPC&grp=0&a=. Retrieved May 23, 2013.
  2. "Gini Index". World Bank. http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SI.POV.GINI/. Retrieved March 2, 2011.
  3. "Human Development Report 2010". United Nations. 2010. http://hdr.undp.org/en/media/HDR_2010_EN_Table1.pdf. Retrieved November 5, 2010.