Falkland Islands

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Falkland Islands
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: "Desire the Right"
Anthem: God Save the Queen  (official)
Song of the Falklands [a]
Location of the Falkland Islands.
Location of the Falkland Islands.
and largest city
51°42′S 57°51′W / 51.7°S 57.85°W / -51.7; -57.85
Official languages English
Demonym Falkland Islander
Government British Overseas Territory[b]
 -  Monarch Elizabeth II
 -  Governor Nigel Haywood
 -  Chief Executive Keith Padgett[1]
 -  Responsible Minister (UK) Hugo Swire MP
Legislature Legislative Assembly
 -  British rule re-established 1833 
 -  Crown Colony 1841 
 -  British Dependent Territory 1981[c] 
 -  British Overseas Territory 2002 
 -  Current constitution 2009 
 -  Total 12,173 km2 (162nd)
4,700 sq mi
 -  Water (%) 0
 -  2012 estimate 2,932[2] (220th)
 -  Density 0.26/km2 (241st)
0.65/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2005 estimate
 -  Total $75 million (223rd)
 -  Per capita $55,400[3] (7th)
Currency Falkland Islands pound[d] (FKP)
Time zone FKST[e] (UTC−3)
Drives on the left
Calling code 500
ISO 3166 code FK
Internet TLD .fk
a. ^  Song of the Falklands is used as the islands' anthem at sporting events.
b. ^  Parliamentary democratic dependency under constitutional monarchy.
c. ^  Interrupted by Argentine military government in 1982.
d. ^  Fixed to the Pound sterling (GBP).
e. ^  The Falklands has been on FKST year-round since September 2010.[4]

The Falkland Islands (or Islas Malvinas in Spanish) are a group of islands in the South Atlantic ocean, off the coast of South America. They are an overseas territory of the United Kingdom, but Argentina has claimed them since 1833. A war (the Falklands War) was fought over their possession during Margaret Thatcher`s time as British Prime Minister. There are many islands in the group but the two biggest are East Falkland and West Falkland. About 3,000 people live on them. The people of the islands are British and speak English. The main income for the people is from fishing and sheep farming.

The Falkland Islands are about 300 miles (480 km) east of Argentina. Argentina and the UK had a short war in 1982 because Argentina claims to own the islands. The war lasted 6 weeks and about 1,000 soldiers were killed. The UK defeated Argentina and after this the governments of the two countries would not negotiate (talk) with each other. In 1990 they began to have talks again, but Argentina later refused to continue talks. Oil and gas has been found below the sea around the islands. Argentina and the UK have agreed to share the oil and gas. There is also oil and gas outside the sea area that belongs to the UK. This is owned by Argentina.

Christchurch Cathedral, Stanley

Constitution[change | change source]

The Falklands became a British Dependent Territory in 1981. This was due to the British Nationality Act 1981. In 1983 the Falkland Islanders were granted British citizenship under the British Nationality (Falkland Islands) Act 1983. On 18 April 1985 the Falkland Islands Constitution Order 1985 came into force which increased the number of elected members of the Legislative Council to eight. It guaranteed the Falkland Islanders' rights and constitutional arrangements.[5] In 1997 the constitution was amended with regard to voters rights. In 2002 the Falklands became a British Overseas Territory with the implantation of the British Overseas Territories Act 2002. On 1 January 2009 the current constitution came into force with the Falkland Islands Constitution Order 2008. This replaced the 1985 version. It was agreed on by the UK Government and the Falkland Islands Government. The new constitution provided for finance, the public service, the administration of justice, and a Complaints Commissioner.[6]

References[change | change source]

Farm in the Camp

Other websites[change | change source]