Botswana

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Republic of Botswana

Lefatshe la Botswana  (Tswana)
Coat of arms of Botswana
Coat of arms
Motto: "Pula!" (Tswana)
"Rain"
Anthem: Fatshe leno la rona  (Tswana)
Blessed Be Our Noble Land
Location of  Botswana  (dark green)
Location of  Botswana  (dark green)
Capital
and largest city
Gaborone
24°39.5′S 25°54.5′E / 24.6583°S 25.9083°E / -24.6583; 25.9083
Official languagesEnglishSetswana
Ethnic groups
(2012 est.)
Religion
Demonym(s)
GovernmentUnitary dominant-party[1][2][3] parliamentary constitutional republic[4]
• President
Mokgweetsi Masisi[5]
Slumber Tsogwane
Phandu Skelemani
Terence Rannowane
LegislatureNational Assembly
Independence 
• Established (Constitution)
30 September 1966
Area
• Total
581,730 km2 (224,610 sq mi)[6] (47th)
• Water (%)
2.7
Population
• 2016 estimate
2,250,260[7] (145th)
• 2011 census
2,024,904
• Density
3.7/km2 (9.6/sq mi) (231st)
GDP (PPP)2019 estimate
• Total
$44.3 billion[8]
• Per capita
$18,654[8]
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Total
$19.651 billion[8]
• Per capita
$8,263[8]
Gini (2015)Positive decrease 53.3[9]
high
HDI (2019)Increase 0.735[10]
high · 100th
CurrencyBotswana pula (BWP)
Time zoneCentral Africa Time (GMT+2)[11]
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Driving sideleft
Calling code+267
ISO 3166 codeBW
Internet TLD.bw
Website
www.gov.bw

Botswana (officially called the Republic of Botswana) is a country in southern Africa. The capital of Botswana is Gaborone.

Geography[change | change source]

The countries that border Botswana are Zimbabwe, South Africa, and Namibia. It is also possible to travel from Botswana directly into Zambia by crossing the Zambezi River by ferry.

Botswana is landlocked. All of Botswana's trade must be brought in over land or by airplane.

The two most important geographical features in Botswana are the Okavango Delta and the Kalahari Desert.

Divisions[change | change source]

Botswana is divided into 10 districts:

Culture[change | change source]

People from Botswana are called Batswana. The population of Botswana is about 2.2 million. [12] This is only 2.7 persons per km², a small number for a country of this size. This is because most of the country is desert and very dry.

Botswana has two official languages: Setswana and English. Setswana is the national language (also called Tswana).

Governance[change | change source]

Botswana is a democracy. The people vote for their political leaders. Those leaders vote for the president. In 2008 Ian Khama became the fourth president of Botswana.

President Khama won elections in 2009 and 2014. The current President of Botswana is Dr. Eric K. Mokgweetsi who took over from Dr. Ian Khama Seretse Khama in 2018.

Economy[change | change source]

The economy of Botswana has been growing very fast since it became an independent country in 1966. The people of Botswana have had the world's fastest growth in standard of living since that time.

Botswana's economy comes mostly from mining. This includes diamonds, metals (including copper) and minerals (including salt). Botswana is the highest producer of diamonds by value in the world.[13] In 1999, Botswana produced over 30 million carats (6,000 kg) of diamonds from the three Debswana mines. That is about 25% of worldwide production.

Tourism is also important to the country. Many people come to Botswana each year to see its wildlife.

The currency of Botswana is called the pula (which means rain). It is made up of 100 thebe (which means shield). In 2017, one US dollar was about 10.32 pulas.[14]

In popular culture[change | change source]

The No. 1 Ladies' Detective Agency books by Alexander McCall Smith are set in Botswana. The HBO television series based on the books was filmed in Botswana.

Gallery[change | change source]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Seabo, Batlang; Kesaobaka, Molebatsi. "Botswana's Dominant Party System" (PDF). Electoral Institute for Sustainable Democracy in Africa. Retrieved 9 April 2020.
  2. Benza, Brian (24 October 2019). "Botswana's Masisi retains presidency as BDP wins election". Reuters. Retrieved 9 April 2020.
  3. Selolwane, Onalenna (2002). "Monopoly Politikos: How Botswana's Opposition Parties Have Helped Sustain One-Party Dominance". African Sociological Review. 6 (1): 68–90. doi:10.4314/asr.v6i1.23203. JSTOR 24487673.
  4. "Africa :: Botswana – The World Factbook - Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 17 December 2019.
  5. "Masisi to Lead Botswana as Khama Steps Down After a Decade". www.bloomberg.com. Archived from the original on 1 April 2018. Retrieved 31 March 2018.
  6. Global Forest Resources Assessment 2015 – Country Report – Botswana (PDF). fao.org (Report). United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization. 2015. p. 9. Total Country Area ('000)ha / 58 173
  7. "World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision". ESA.UN.org (custom data acquired via website). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 10 September 2017.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 "IMF Country Specific Data". Retrieved 10 August 2019.
  9. "GINI index (World Bank estimate)". World Bank. Archived from the original on 13 December 2017. Retrieved 20 April 2019.
  10. "Human Development Report 2020" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. December 15, 2020. Retrieved December 15, 2020.
  11. Chapter: 01:04 (20 July 1984). "Interpretation Act 1984 (§40(1))". Archived from the original on 28 March 2017. Retrieved 11 September 2020.
  12. "Africa :: Botswana — The World Factbook - Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 2020-06-17.
  13. "Botswana diamonds". Know Botswana.com. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
  14. "XE: Convert USD/BWP. United States Dollar to Botswana Pula". www.xe.com. Retrieved 2017-05-17.

Other websites[change | change source]