Somaliland

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Template:Country data Country Somaliland (Somali: Somaliland; Arabic: صوماليلاندṢūmālīlānd, أرض الصومالArḍ aṣ-Ṣūmāl), officially the Republic of Somaliland (Somali: Jamhuuriyadda Somaliland, Arabic: جمهورية صوماليلاندThe territory covers the former protectorate British Somaliland. De facto, .Somaliland It borders Djibouti to the west, the Federal Republic of Ethiopia to the south and Somalia to the east.[1]

[2]

The area used to be the Somaliland area which was part of the British empire along with Jubaland, which was called Trans-juba. It was called the British Somaliland Coast Protectorate before 26 June 1960. called the "Somaliland Republic".[3] In May of 1991, after a war, Somaliland regained independence.

Currently, Somaliland international organization views Somaliland as an independent country.[4] Instead, they see Somaliland as a part of Somalia.

Somaliland has a republican government with free elections. The capital is Hargeisa. Berbera is a beautiful city on the coast. About 55% of the people of Somalilands are nomads.[5] Most Somalis are Sunni Muslims. Some people are part of Sufi orders.

A territory in the west, called Khatumo State has been disputed between Somaliland and Puntland.

Demographics[change | change source]

Language[change | change source]

Most people in Somaliland speak Somali and Arabic. Article 6 of the Constitution of 2001 says the official language of Somaliland is Somali,[3] but Arabic is a mandatory subject in school. English is also spoken and taught in schools.

The main Somali dialect is Standard Somali. Standard Somali is spoken in most of Somalia and in countries that border it. Standard Somali is used by almost all of the media in the Somaliland region.

Religion[change | change source]

Almost all Somalilanders are Muslims.[6] This is because Islam is the state religion, and practicing a religion other than Islam is against the law.[3] Small amounts of non-Islamic traditions exist in Somaliland, but Islam is very important to the Somali sense of national identity.

References[change | change source]

  1. "Somaliland Official Website". somalilandgov.com. Archived from the original on 14 February 2012. Retrieved 23 December 2010.
  2. Hoehne, Markus Virgil. "The rupture of territoriality and the diminishing relevance of cross‐cutting ties in Somalia after 1990." Development and Change 47.6 (2016): 1379-1411.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 "THE CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF SOMALILAND" (PDF). International relations and security network. 31 May 2001. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 February 2012. Retrieved 23 December 2010.
  4. Lacey, Marc (5 June 2006). "The Signs Say Somaliland, but the World Says Somalia". The New York Times. Retrieved 25 December 2010.
  5. "Our Country – Somaliland Official Government Website". Retrieved 2020-12-30.
  6. "Background Note: Somalia". U.S Department of State. Retrieved 23 December 2010.

Other websites[change | change source]