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Islamic Republic of Mauritania

الجمهورية الإسلامية الموريتانية (Arabic)
al-Jumhūrīyah al-Islāmīyah al-Mūrītānīyah
République Islamique de Mauritanie  (French)
Motto: شرف إخاء عدل (Arabic)
"Honor, Fraternity, Justice"
Anthem: نشيد وطني موريتاني
(English: "Country of the Proud, Guiding Noblemen")
Location of Mauritania (dark blue) in Africa
Location of Mauritania (dark blue) in Africa
Location of Mauritania
and largest city
18°09′N 15°58′W / 18.150°N 15.967°W / 18.150; -15.967
Official languagesArabic and French
Recognised national languagesHassaniya Arabic • Pulaar • Soninke • Wolof • Malinke
Ethnic groups
GovernmentUnitary semi-presidential Islamic republic
• President
Mohamed Ould Ghazouanib
Mohamed Ould Bilalb
Cheikh Ahmed Baye[1]
National Assembly
• from France
28 November 1960
12 July 1991
• Total
1,030,000 km2 (400,000 sq mi)[2] (28th)
• Water (%)
• 2016 estimate
• 2013 census
• Density
3.4/km2 (8.8/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2018 estimate
• Total
$18.117 billion[4] (134th)
• Per capita
$4,563[4] (140th)
GDP (nominal)2018 estimate
• Total
$5.200 billion[4] (154th)
• Per capita
$1,309[4] (149th)
Gini (2008)40.5[5]
HDI (2017)Increase 0.520[6]
low · 159th
CurrencyOuguiya (MRU)
Time zoneUTC+0 (GMT)
Driving sideright
Calling code+222
ISO 3166 codeMR
  1. According to Article 6 of the Constitution: "The national languages are Arabic, Pulaar, Soninke, and Wolof; the official language is Arabic."
  2. Not recognized internationally (see main article).

Mauritania is a country in northwest Africa. The capital city, which is also the biggest city in the country, is Nouakchott. It is on the Atlantic coast. Its president is General Mohamed Oueld Abdel-Aziz.

At 1,030,700 km² (397,929 mi²),[7] Mauritania is the world's 29th-largest country (after Bolivia). It is similar in size to Egypt. The land is flat in most places.

References[change | change source]

  2. 2.0 2.1 "1: Répartition spatiale de la population" (PDF). Recensement Général de la Population et de l’Habitat (RGPH) 2013 (Report) (in French). National Statistical Office of Mauritania. July 2015. p. v. Retrieved 20 December 2015.[permanent dead link]
  3. "World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision". (custom data acquired via website). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 10 September 2017.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 "Mauritania". International Monetary Fund.
  5. "Gini Index". World Bank. Retrieved 2 March 2011.
  6. "2018 Human Development Report". United Nations Development Programme. 2018. Retrieved 14 September 2018.
  7. "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency".

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Mauritania at Wikimedia Commons