Burundi

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Republic of Burundi

  • Republika y'Uburundi  (Kirundi)
  • République du Burundi  (French)
Coat of arms of Burundi
Coat of arms
Motto: 
  • "Imana, Umwami, Igihugu" (Kirundi)
  • "Dieu, Le Roi,Le Pays" (French)
  • "God, The King, The Country" (English)
Anthem: Burundi Bwacu  (Kirundi)
Our Burundi
Burundi (orthographic projection).svg
Location Burundi AU Africa.svg
CapitalGitega (political) Bujumbura (economic)[a]
3°30′S 30°00′E / 3.500°S 30.000°E / -3.500; 30.000
Largest cityBujumbura[a]
Official languagesKirundi (national and official)
French (official)
English (official)[1][2][3][4]
Ethnic groups
([5])
  • 85% Hutu
  • 14% Tutsi
  •   1% Twa
  • ~3,000 Europeans
  • ~2,000 South Asians
Religion
(2015)[6]
Demonym(s)Burundian
GovernmentUnitary dominant-party presidential constitutional republic
• President
Évariste Ndayishimiye
Alain-Guillaume Bunyoni
Prosper Bazombanza
LegislatureParliament
Senate
National Assembly
Status
1945–1962
• Independence from Belgium
1 July 1962
• Republic
28 November 1966
28 February 2005
Area
• Total
27,834 km2 (10,747 sq mi)[7] (142nd)
• Water (%)
10[8]
Population
• 2020 estimate
11,865,821[9] (84th)
• 2008 census
8,053,574[7]
• Density
401.6/km2 (1,040.1/sq mi) (20th)
GDP (PPP)2019 estimate
• Total
$8.380 billion
• Per capita
$727[10]
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Total
$3.573 billion
• Per capita
$310[10]
Gini (2013)39.2[11]
medium
HDI (2018)Increase 0.423[12]
low · 185th
CurrencyBurundian franc (FBu) (BIF)
Time zoneUTC+2 (CAT)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Driving sideright
Calling code+257
ISO 3166 codeBI
Internet TLD.bi

Burundi (officially called the Republic of Burundi) is a small country in Africa. The capital of Burundi is Gitega. The official languages of Burundi are Kirundi French and English. There are about eight and a half million people in Burundi. Burundi is one of the poorest countries in the world.

Provinces, communes and collines[change | change source]

Burundi is divided into 18 provinces, 117 communes, and 2,638 collines (hills).[13] Provincial governments are based on these boundaries. In 2000, the province encompassing Bujumbura was separated into two provinces, Bujumbura Rural and Bunjumbura Mairie.[14]

The provinces are:

Largest cities[change | change source]

These are the largest cities in Burundi:

Ranking Name Population
1. Bujumbura 340,300
2. Gitega 46,900
3. Muyinga 45,300
4. Ngozi 40,200
5. Ruyigi 36,800
6. Kayanza 26,200
7. Bururi 22,900
8. Rutana 20,700
9. Muramvya 17,600
10. Makamba 13,000

Geography[change | change source]

One of the smallest countries in Africa, Burundi is landlocked. It is bordered by Rwanda to the north, Tanzania to the east and south and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west. It has an equatorial climate. Burundi is a part of the Albertine Rift, the western extension of the East African Rift.

The country lies on a rolling plateau in the center of Africa. The average elevation of the central plateau is 5,600 feet (1,707 m), with lower elevations at the borders. The highest peak, Mount Heha at 8,810 feet (2,685 m),[15] is southeast of Bujumbura. The source of the Nile River is in Burundi province. It is linked from Lake Victoria to its headwaters by the Ruvyironza River.[16] Lake Victoria is also an important water source. It serves as a fork to the Kagera River.[17][18] Another major lake is Lake Tanganyika in Burundi's southwestern corner.[19]

Burundi's lands are mostly agricultural or pasture. Settlement by rural populations has led to deforestation, soil erosion, and habitat loss.[20]

There are two national parks: Kibira National Park and Ruvubu National Park. Both were formed in 1982 to keep wildlife populations.[21]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "What Languages Are Spoken In Burundi?". Archived from the original on 13 March 2018. Retrieved 12 March 2018.
  2. "English is now official language of Burundi". Archived from the original on 14 February 2018. Retrieved 12 March 2018.
  3. "Analyse et adoption du projet de loi portant Statut des Langues au Burundi - Assemblée Nationale du Burundi". Assemblée Nationale du Burundi. Archived from the original on 13 March 2018. Retrieved 12 March 2018.
  4. "The impact of English on Kirundi and French in Burundi: Use and attitudes among Burundian students" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 August 2017. Retrieved 12 March 2018.
  5. "The World Factbook – Burundi". Central Intelligence Agency. 7 August 2018. Archived from the original on 28 January 2018. Retrieved 13 August 2018.
  6. http://www.globalreligiousfutures.org/countries/burundi/religious_demography#/?affiliations_religion_id=11&affiliations_year=2010
  7. 7.0 7.1 "Quelques données pour le Burundi" (in French). ISTEEBU. Archived from the original on 28 July 2017. Retrieved 17 December 2015.
  8. Annuaire statistique du Burundi (PDF) (Report) (in French). ISTEEBU. July 2015. p. 105. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 June 2016. Retrieved 17 December 2015.
  9. CIA – The World Factbook – Burundi Archived 28 January 2018 at the Wayback Machine CIA. Retrieved 8 June 2008.
  10. 10.0 10.1 "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects : Burundi". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 20 February 2020.
  11. "Gini Index, World Bank Estimate". World Development Indicators. The World Bank. Archived from the original on 26 June 2015. Retrieved 13 January 2015.
  12. "Human Development Report 2019" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 10 December 2019. Retrieved 10 December 2019.
  13. Kavamahanga, D. Empowerment of people living with HIV/AIDS in Gitega Province, Burundi. International Conference on AIDS 2004. July 15, 2004. NLM Gateway. Retrieved on June 22, 2008.
  14. Eggers, E., Historical Dictionary of Burundi, p. xlix.
  15. O'Mara, Michael. Facts about the World's Nations. Bronx, New York: H.W. Wilson, 1999. p. 150. ISBN 0-8242-0955-9
  16. By Ash, Russell. The Top 10 of Everything. New York, New York: Sterling Publishing Company, Incorporated, 2006. ISBN 0-600-61557-X
  17. Klohn, Wulf and Mihailo Andjelic. Lake Victoria: A Case in International Cooperation. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Retrieved on July 20, 2008.
  18. Budge, E. A. Wallace, The Egyptian Sudan: Its History and Monuments. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: J.P. Lippincott Company, 1907. p. 352.
  19. Jessup, John E., An Encyclopedic Dictionary of Conflict and Conflict Resolution, 1945–1996, p. 97.
  20. Bermingham, Eldredge, Christopher W. Dick, and Craig Moritz. Tropical Rainforests: Past, Present, and Future. Chicago, Illinois: University of Chicago Press, 2005. p. 146. ISBN 0-226-04468-8
  21. East, Rob. African Antelope Database 1998. Gland, Switzerland: International Union for Conservation of Nature, 1999. p. 74. ISBN 2-8317-0477-4.

Notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 While Gitega has been established as the political capital, Bujumbura is still the seat of the government and economic capital.

Other websites[change | change source]

  • Media related to Burundi at Wikimedia Commons
  • Burundi travel guide from Wikivoyage