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Republic of Burundi

Republika y'u Burundi  (Kirundi)
République du Burundi  (French)
Coat of arms of Burundi
Coat of arms
Motto: "Ubumwe, Ibikorwa, Iterambere"  (Kirundi)
"Unité, Travail, Progrès"  (French)
"Unity, Work, Progress" 1
Anthem: Burundi bwacu
(Our Burundi)
Location of  Burundi  (dark blue) – in Africa  (light blue & dark grey) – in the African Union  (light blue)  —  [Legend]
Location of  Burundi  (dark blue)

– in Africa  (light blue & dark grey)
– in the African Union  (light blue)  —  [Legend]

3°30′S 30°00′E / 3.500°S 30.000°E / -3.500; 30.000
Largest cityBujumbura
Official languagesKirundi
Vehicular languagesKirundi, Swahili
Ethnic groups
Hutu (Bantu) 85%
Tutsi (Hamitic) 14%
Twa (Pygmy) 1%
Europeans 3,000
South Asians 2,000
• President
Evariste Ndayishimiye
Prosper Bazombanza
Joseph Butore
• from Belgium
July 1, 1962
• Total
27,834 km2 (10,747 sq mi) (145th)
• Water (%)
• 2011 estimate
10,216,190[1][2] (89th)
• 2008 census
• Density
367.0/km2 (950.5/sq mi) (45th)
GDP (PPP)2010 estimate
• Total
$3.397 billion[4]
• Per capita
GDP (nominal)2010 estimate
• Total
$1.489 billion[4]
• Per capita
Gini (1998)42.4[5]
HDI (2010)Increase 0.282
low · 166th
CurrencyBurundi franc (FBu) (BIF)
Time zoneUTC+2 (CAT)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+2 (not observed)
Driving sideright
Calling code257
ISO 3166 codeBI
Internet TLD.bi
  1. Before 1966, "Ganza Sabwa".
  2. Estimate is based on regression; other PPP figures are extrapolated from the latest International Comparison Program for benchmark estimates.

Burundi (officially called the Republic of Burundi) is a small country in Africa. The capital of Burundi is Gitega. The official languages of Burundi are Kirundi French and English. There are about eight and a half million people in Burundi. Burundi is one of the poorest countries in the world.

Provinces, communes and collines[change | change source]

Burundi is divided into 18 provinces, 117 communes, and 2,638 collines (hills).[6] Provincial governments are based on these boundaries. In 2000, the province encompassing Bujumbura was separated into two provinces, Bujumbura Rural and Bunjumbura Mairie.[7]

The provinces are:

Largest cities[change | change source]

These are the largest cities in Burundi:

Ranking Name Population
1. Bujumbura 340,300
2. Gitega 46,900
3. Muyinga 45,300
4. Ngozi 40,200
5. Ruyigi 36,800
6. Kayanza 26,200
7. Bururi 22,900
8. Rutana 20,700
9. Muramvya 17,600
10. Makamba 13,000

Geography[change | change source]

One of the smallest countries in Africa, Burundi is landlocked. It is bordered by Rwanda to the north, Tanzania to the east and south and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west. It has an equatorial climate. Burundi is a part of the Albertine Rift, the western extension of the East African Rift.

The country lies on a rolling plateau in the center of Africa. The average elevation of the central plateau is 5,600 feet (1,707 m), with lower elevations at the borders. The highest peak, Mount Heha at 8,810 feet (2,685 m),[8] is southeast of Bujumbura. The source of the Nile River is in Burundi province. It is linked from Lake Victoria to its headwaters by the Ruvyironza River.[9] Lake Victoria is also an important water source. It serves as a fork to the Kagera River.[10][11] Another major lake is Lake Tanganyika in Burundi's southwestern corner.[12]

Burundi's lands are mostly agricultural or pasture. Settlement by rural populations has led to deforestation, soil erosion, and habitat loss.[13]

There are two national parks: Kibira National Park and Ruvubu National Park. Both were formed in 1982 to keep wildlife populations.[14]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. CIA – The World Factbook – Burundi CIA. Retrieved June 8, 2008.
  2. Weinstein, W., Political Conflict and Ethnic Strategies, p. 5.
  3. 3rd general census (2008)
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 "Burundi". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 2011-04-21.
  5. "Distribution of family income – Gini index". The World Factbook. CIA. Retrieved 2009-09-01.
  6. Kavamahanga, D. Empowerment of people living with HIV/AIDS in Gitega Province, Burundi. International Conference on AIDS 2004. July 15, 2004. NLM Gateway. Retrieved on June 22, 2008.
  7. Eggers, E., Historical Dictionary of Burundi, p. xlix.
  8. O'Mara, Michael. Facts about the World's Nations. Bronx, New York: H.W. Wilson, 1999. p. 150. ISBN 0-8242-0955-9
  9. By Ash, Russell. The Top 10 of Everything. New York, New York: Sterling Publishing Company, Incorporated, 2006. ISBN 0-600-61557-X
  10. Klohn, Wulf and Mihailo Andjelic. Lake Victoria: A Case in International Cooperation. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Retrieved on July 20, 2008.
  11. Budge, E. A. Wallace, The Egyptian Sudan: Its History and Monuments. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: J.P. Lippincott Company, 1907. p. 352.
  12. Jessup, John E., An Encyclopedic Dictionary of Conflict and Conflict Resolution, 1945–1996, p. 97.
  13. Bermingham, Eldredge, Christopher W. Dick, and Craig Moritz. Tropical Rainforests: Past, Present, and Future. Chicago, Illinois: University of Chicago Press, 2005. p. 146. ISBN 0-226-04468-8
  14. East, Rob. African Antelope Database 1998. Gland, Switzerland: International Union for Conservation of Nature, 1999. p. 74. ISBN 2-8317-0477-4.

Other websites[change | change source]

  • Media related to Burundi at Wikimedia Commons
  • Burundi travel guide from Wikivoyage