Republic of Burundi
Anthem: Burundi bwacu
|Vehicular languages||Kirundi, Swahili|
|Ethnic groups||Hutu (Bantu) 85%|
Tutsi (Hamitic) 14%
Twa (Pygmy) 1%
South Asians 2,000
• from Belgium
|July 1, 1962|
|27,834 km2 (10,747 sq mi) (145th)|
• Water (%)
• 2011 estimate
• 2008 census
|367.0/km2 (950.5/sq mi) (45th)|
|GDP (PPP)||2010 estimate|
• Per capita
|GDP (nominal)||2010 estimate|
• Per capita
|HDI (2010)|| 0.282|
low · 166th
|Currency||Burundi franc (FBu) (BIF)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (CAT)|
• Summer (DST)
|UTC+2 (not observed)|
|ISO 3166 code||BI|
Burundi (officially called the Republic of Burundi) is a small country in Africa. The capital of Burundi was Bujumbura, but it was moved to Gitega in 2018. The official languages of Burundi are Kirundi and French. There are about eight and a half million people in Burundi. Burundi is one of the poorest countries in the world.
Provinces, communes and collines[change | change source]
Burundi is divided into 17 provinces, 117 communes, and 2,638 collines (hills). Provincial governments are based on these boundaries. In 2000, the province encompassing Bujumbura was separated into two provinces, Bujumbura Rural and Bunjumbura Mairie.
The provinces are:
Largest cities[change | change source]
These are the largest cities in Burundi:
Geography[change | change source]
One of the smallest countries in Africa, Burundi is landlocked. It is bordered by Rwanda to the north, Tanzania to the east and south and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west. It has an equatorial climate. Burundi is a part of the Albertine Rift, the western extension of the East African Rift.
The country lies on a rolling plateau in the center of Africa. The average elevation of the central plateau is 5,600 feet (1,707 m), with lower elevations at the borders. The highest peak, Mount Heha at 8,810 feet (2,685 m), is southeast of the capital, Bujumbura. The source of the Nile River is in Burundi province. It is linked from Lake Victoria to its headwaters by the Ruvyironza River. Lake Victoria is also an important water source. It serves as a fork to the Kagera River. Another major lake is Lake Tanganyika in Burundi's southwestern corner.
Related pages[change | change source]
References[change | change source]
- "Burundi profile". BBC. 2 June 2016. Retrieved 30 October 2016.
- CIA – The World Factbook – Burundi CIA. Retrieved June 8, 2008.
- Weinstein, W., Political Conflict and Ethnic Strategies, p. 5.
- 3rd general census (2008)
- "Burundi". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 2011-04-21.
- "Distribution of family income – Gini index". The World Factbook. CIA. Retrieved 2009-09-01.
- Kavamahanga, D. Empowerment of people living with HIV/AIDS in Gitega Province, Burundi. International Conference on AIDS 2004. July 15, 2004. NLM Gateway. Retrieved on June 22, 2008.
- Eggers, E., Historical Dictionary of Burundi, p. xlix.
- O'Mara, Michael. Facts about the World's Nations. Bronx, New York: H.W. Wilson, 1999. p. 150. ISBN 0-8242-0955-9
- By Ash, Russell. The Top 10 of Everything. New York, New York: Sterling Publishing Company, Incorporated, 2006. ISBN 0-600-61557-X
- Klohn, Wulf and Mihailo Andjelic. Lake Victoria: A Case in International Cooperation. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Retrieved on July 20, 2008.
- Budge, E. A. Wallace, The Egyptian Sudan: Its History and Monuments. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: J.P. Lippincott Company, 1907. p. 352.
- Jessup, John E., An Encyclopedic Dictionary of Conflict and Conflict Resolution, 1945–1996, p. 97.
- Bermingham, Eldredge, Christopher W. Dick, and Craig Moritz. Tropical Rainforests: Past, Present, and Future. Chicago, Illinois: University of Chicago Press, 2005. p. 146. ISBN 0-226-04468-8
- East, Rob. African Antelope Database 1998. Gland, Switzerland: International Union for Conservation of Nature, 1999. p. 74. ISBN 2-8317-0477-4.
Other websites[change | change source]