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City of Philadelphia
Flag of Philadelphia
Official seal of Philadelphia
Etymology: Ancient Greek: φίλος phílos (beloved, dear) and ἀδελφός adelphós (brother, brotherly)
"Philly", "The City of Brotherly Love", "The Athens of America",[1] and other nicknames of Philadelphia
"Philadelphia maneto" ("Let brotherly love endure" or "... continue")[2][3]
Interactive maps of Philadelphia
Coordinates: 39°57′10″N 75°09′49″W / 39.95278°N 75.16361°W / 39.95278; -75.16361Coordinates: 39°57′10″N 75°09′49″W / 39.95278°N 75.16361°W / 39.95278; -75.16361
Country United States
Historic countriesKingdom of England
Kingdom of Great Britain
Historic colonyKingdom of Great Britain Province of Pennsylvania
IncorporatedOctober 25, 1701
Founded byWilliam Penn
 • TypeMayor–council, consolidated city-county
 • BodyPhiladelphia City Council
 • MayorJim Kenney (D)
 • Consolidated city-county142.70 sq mi (369.59 km2)
 • Land134.28 sq mi (347.78 km2)
 • Water8.42 sq mi (21.81 km2)
39 ft (12 m)
 • Consolidated city-county1,603,797
 • Rank6th in the United States
1st in Pennsylvania
 • Density11,943.68/sq mi (4,611.53/km2)
 • Metro6,245,051 (7th)
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP Codes
19092–19093, 19099, 191xx
Area codes215, 267, 445
FIPS code42-60000
GNIS feature ID1215531[7]
Major airportPhiladelphia International Airport
InterstatesI-76.svg I-95.svg I-676.svg
U.S. RoutesUS 1.svg US 13.svg US 30.svg
Commuter railSEPTA Regional Rail, NJ Transit
Rapid transitBroad Street Line, Market–Frankford Line, PATCO Speedline
WaterwaysDelaware River
Schuylkill River

Philadelphia is the sixth-largest city in the United States and the largest city in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. In spoken English, the city is sometimes called Philly.

The population of the city was 1,517,550 people in 2000, in 2010 census it was up to 1,526.006 people.[8] Philadelphia was the capital of the United States from 1790 to 1800. It was replaced by Washington, D.C. in 1800 after the White House was built.

Philadelphia is famous because it has many places tourists like to visit, like the Liberty Bell, Independence Hall, and Christ Church.

Philadelphia has a large Puerto Rican, Irish, German, Dutch, Polish, Ukrainian, Russian, Dominican, Mexican, Chinese and Italian population.

History[change | change source]

Before Europeans came to the area, Philadelphia was home to the Lenape people. The first Europeans to come were the Dutch, who built towns and a fort in the area. The English took over the city in 1664. In 1681, Charles II of England gave a large piece of land to William Penn, to pay back some money he owed to Penn's father. William Penn had a dream of a land where people would be free to live and work no matter what religion they were. He built a city in the new land called Philadelphia.

Soon Philadelphia was the largest city in North America. The first library and the first hospital in the country were built in Philadelphia. Many ships sailed in and out of the city's port, and people came to the city to buy and sell all sorts of things.

One of the most famous people in Philadelphia was Benjamin Franklin. He started a newspaper and invented many things, such as bifocal glasses. He started a library that was free for everyone to use, and also a free hospital. He helped to write the Declaration of Independence and the United States Constitution.

In 1774, the Continental Congress met in Philadelphia to talk about their disputes with the United Kingdom. The British were not happy about this and soon a war began, called the American Revolutionary War. In 1776, the Americans again met in Philadelphia and signed the Declaration of Independence.

In 1777 George Washington lost the Battle of Germantown and Philadelphia was occupied by British troops. They left in 1778. After the war was won, a Constitutional Convention (United States) met in Philadelphia in 1787 to write the United States Constitution which states the most important laws of the United States.

Geography[change | change source]

Philadelphia is in the state of Pennsylvania, named after William Penn. It is on the west bank of the Delaware River, across from New Jersey. Another big river, the Schuylkill, flows into the Delaware River at Philadelphia. The city has only a few small hills, and most of it is flat. The summers are usually hot in Philadelphia and the winters are normal to cold.

30th Street Station In Philadelphia, one of the busiest rail stations in the United States.

Culture[change | change source]

Philadelphia has a large art museum, the Philadelphia Museum of Art. It also has some smaller museums of art, such as the Academy of Fine Arts, and the Barnes Foundation. The Franklin Institute is a science museum named after Benjamin Franklin. The Philadelphia Orchestra is famous for its concerts. Some famous jazz musicians, such as John Coltrane, came from Philadelphia. Most of the skyscrapers in downtown Philadelphia were designed by Louis Kahn.

Independence National Historic Park is in the oldest part of Philadelphia. Most of the buildings from the time when American was fighting for its freedom are there. Independence Hall is where the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution of the United States were written. Nearby is a building where the Liberty Bell is kept. In the same neighborhood, there are many houses dating from the days of the American Revolution. Elfreth's Alley is one of the oldest streets in the United States. Christ Church is the church where many famous early Americans worshipped.

Well-known people from Philadelphia[change | change source]

Born in Philadelphia

Images[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Art & Artifacts: Discover the Library Company's Art and Artifact Collection – Athens of America". The Library Company of Philadelphia. Retrieved June 12, 2010.
  2. Robinson, Sam (November 5, 2013). "Behind Philadelphia Maneto: Dissecting The City Seal". Hidden City Philadelphia. Retrieved January 18, 2018.
  3. McDevitt, John (May 5, 2015). "Plaque Dedication Marks 120th Anniversary of Creation of Philadelphia's Flag". CBS Broadcasting Inc. Retrieved January 18, 2018.
  4. "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 28, 2020.
  5. "QuickFacts: Philadelphia city, Pennsylvania". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 19 August 2021.
  6. "2020 Population and Housing State Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 August 2021.
  7. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. February 2, 2015. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  8. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2020-12-29.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

Other websites[change | change source]