Santa Clarita, California
|Santa Clarita, California|
|City of Santa Clarita|
Santa Clarita's Canyon Country in September 2008.
Location of Santa Clarita in California and Los Angeles County
|Incorporated||December 15, 1987|
|Named for||Santa Clara, California|
|• Mayor||Laurene Weste|
|• Mayor Pro-Tem||Marsha McLean|
|• City council||
|• City manager||Ken Striplin|
|• City||52.81 sq mi (136.78 km2)|
|• Land||52.76 sq mi (136.65 km2)|
|• Water||0.05 sq mi (0.13 km2) 0.099%|
|Elevation||1,207 ft (368 m)|
|• Estimate (2016)||181,972|
4th in Los Angeles County|
24th in California
|• Density||3,449.12/sq mi (1,331.71/km2)|
|Time zone||Pacific (UTC−08:00)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC−07:00)|
|ZIP codes||91310, 91321–91322, 91350–91351, 91354–91355, 91380–91387, 91390|
|GNIS feature IDs||1662338, 2411819|
Santa Clarita, officially the City of Santa Clarita, is the fourth largest city in Los Angeles County, California. It is the 24th largest city in the state of California. The city has annexed unincorporated areas, which has made the population higher. Santa Clarita is about 35 miles (56 km) northwest of downtown Los Angeles. It takes up most of Santa Clarita Valley. It is a good example of a U.S. edge city or boomburb. Santa Clarita was ranked by Money magazine in 2006 as 18th of the top 100 places to live. There are four smaller communities in Santa Clarita. They are called Valencia, Saugus, Newhall, and Canyon Country. Santa Clarita is well known for the amusement park Six Flags Magic Mountain.
History[change | change source]
Santa Clarita became a city in December 1987, but its history stretches back many hundreds of years. In the year 450, a group of Native Americans called the Tataviam arrived in the valley, and as many as 2,000 lived there at their height.
In 1842, Francisco Lopez found gold in the area. It was the first recorded gold in the state. It is marked in an area called Placerita Canyon, which was also the original "back lot" area for Hollywood movie makers.
The town of Newhall is named after Henry Mayo Newhall, a businessman who became rich during the California Gold Rush. At first, he founded H.M. Newhall & Company, an auction house in San Francisco. Then, he got into the railroad business. He put money into companies that would join San Francisco to other cities and was in charge of the San Francisco and San Jose Railroad. He sold the business to the Southern Pacific Railroad in 1870, and was one of the people in charge of it.
After railroads, Newhall started focusing on real estate and ranching. He bought 143,000 acres of land between Los Angeles and Monterey counties. The largest piece of land was the 46,460 acres of land in northern Los Angeles County which was called the Rancho San Francisco, later called Newhall Ranch. He sold some of his property to the Southern Pacific Railroad which built a train line through the present-day Newhall Pass. They also built a town and named it after Newhall. The first station North on the new line was named Saugus by Newhall, after his hometown of Saugus, Massachusetts. His children created the Newhall Land and Farming Company that helped build the rest of Santa Clarita.
On September 5th, 1876, Charles Crocker and Leland Stanford (en) joined their railroads together in Canyon Country, linking Los Angeles with the rest of the country for the first time.
A couple of weeks later, on September 26, Charles Alexander Mentry built California's first useful oil well in Mentryville, helping kickstart the Southern California oil industry. The oil was cleaned in Newhall, in what is now the oldest existing oil cleaner in the world. It was open between 1874 and 1888.
The Santa Clarita Valley was the scene of the second most deadly disaster in Californian history, behind the 1906 San Francisco earthquake. It was known as the "worst civil engineering failure of the 20th century". Before midnight on March 12, 1928, the St. Francis Dam collapsed. It caused a flood to rush all the way West to the Pacific Ocean near Ventura. An estimated 431 people were killed, and the site of the present-day Westfield Valencia Town Center was buried in muck. The disaster resulted in the end of the career of engineer William Mulholland.
After numerous attempts to form a city or a county, the four separate communities finally joined to become the City of Santa Clarita at 4:30 PM on December 15, 1987.
References[change | change source]
- "California Cities by Incorporation Date". California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Archived from the original (Word) on November 3, 2014. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
- "City Manager's Office". City of Santa Clarita. Retrieved January 30, 2015.
- "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jun 28, 2017.
- "Santa Clarita". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved November 5, 2014.
- California Department of Finance Press Release Archived June 4, 2016, at the Wayback Machine.
- "ZIP Code(tm) Lookup". United States Postal Service. Retrieved December 6, 2014.
- MONEY Magazine: Best places to live 2006
- "California's REAL First Gold". scvhistory.com. Retrieved 2018-07-13.
- "LA's oldest restaurant keeps a 130-year diner tradition alive". Eater LA. Retrieved 2018-07-13.
- "Oldest Restaurants in California". www.oldestrestaurants.com. Retrieved 2018-07-13.