New Orleans

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New Orleans
La Nouvelle-Orléans  (French)
City of New Orleans
Flag of New Orleans
Official seal of New Orleans
Nickname(s): 
"The Crescent City", "The Big Easy", "The City That Care Forgot", "NOLA", "The City of Yes", "Hollywood South"
Interactive map of New Orleans
Coordinates: 29°57′N 90°05′W / 29.95°N 90.08°W / 29.95; -90.08Coordinates: 29°57′N 90°05′W / 29.95°N 90.08°W / 29.95; -90.08
CountryUnited States
StateLouisiana
ParishOrleans
Founded1718
Named forPhilippe II, Duke of Orléans (1674–1723)
Government
 • TypeMayor–council
 • MayorLaToya Cantrell (D)
 • CouncilNew Orleans City Council
Area
 • Consolidated city-parish349.85 sq mi (906.10 km2)
 • Land169.42 sq mi (438.80 km2)
 • Water180.43 sq mi (467.30 km2)
 • Metro
3,755.2 sq mi (9,726.6 km2)
Elevation
−6.5 to 20 ft (−2 to 6 m)
Population
 • Consolidated city-parish383,997
 • Density2,029/sq mi (783/km2)
 • Metro
1,270,530 (US: 45th)
Demonym(s)New Orleanian
Time zoneUTC−6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Area code(s)504
FIPS code22-55000
GNIS feature ID1629985
Interstates
U.S. Highways
State highways
Public transportNew Orleans Regional Transit Authority
Primary airportLouis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport
Websitenola.gov

New Orleans is a city in the state of Louisiana in the United States. It is the largest city in Louisiana, and the 49th-largest city in the U.S. It is the capital of Orleans Parish. It was named in honour of the French Duke of Orléans (then Regent of France).

History[change | change source]

The city began as the capital of Louisiana (New France), part of the first French colonial empire at the mouth of the Mississippi River. It became a territory of the United States when President Thomas Jefferson bought the Louisiana Purchase in 1803. It became one of the world's great seaports. All the land is low, originally just a short vertical distance above sea level. In the last three hundred years, the city has sunk slowly into the marshy soil. Large portions of New Orleans are now below sea level. A system of many pumps, dikes, sea walls, and levees were built.

The Battle of New Orleans was fought here in 1815. The capture of New Orleans in 1863 was an important step in the defeat of the Confederacy in the American Civil War

Over half of the grain that is sent by ship to other countries, comes first by barge through the Port of New Orleans. The grains are grown in the farming states bordering the Mississippi River, the Missouri River, and Ohio Rivers. Much of the crude oil that is made into gasoline and diesel fuel is brought to New Orleans for oil refinery and distribution to other parts of the United States by barge or oil pipeline. Also, there are many oil well platforms nearby, in the Gulf of Mexico.

Hurricane Katrina[change | change source]

On August 29, 2005, New Orleans was affected by Hurricane Katrina. The special systems built to protect the city failed in several ways. It is estimated that more than three quarters (3/4) of New Orleans was under water in early September of 2005. Sewer, phone, electric and fresh water systems failed. Many people drowned. Many homes were completely covered with water. Important records, some from the French period of the 18th century were destroyed.

For years, many people believed that a flood in New Orleans would happen. A very serious flood happened several hundred miles upstream, on the Mississippi delta, when heavy rains fell in 1927. The hardships from that flood led many people to move away. Many moved to Chicago.

After Hurricane Katrina, many people who lived in the flooded city moved to other places in the US. Many people were afraid to move back. Their jobs and homes were gone and their possessions were lost. The people who could move back spread to many other states. Texas received the most flood victims. Many volunteers and charities are helping the flood victims to relocate to new homes and, at the same time, repair homes and services in this city. Several years after Katrina, New Orleans still had much fewer people than it did before the hurricane.[3]

Culture[change | change source]

New Orleans has a large African American, Creole and French population. Voodoo, brought by African slaves, is practiced in the city.

New Orleans is known for its French culture, French architecture, Creole and Cajun cuisine such as gumbo and jambalaya, and Mardi Gras.

References[change | change source]

  1. "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 2, 2017.
  2. "U.S. Population Totals 2010-2020". United States Census Bureau.
  3. Mildenberg, David. "Census shows a far less populous New Orleans". washingtonpost.com. Retrieved February 4, 2011.

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to New Orleans at Wikimedia Commons