Ville de La Nouvelle-Orléans
|City and Parish|
|City of New Orleans|
|Nickname(s): The Crescent City; The Big Easy; The City That Care Forgot; Nawlins; NOLA|
Location in the U.S. state of Louisiana
|Present Country||United States|
|Former Country||Kingdom of France, Kingdom of Spain, French Republic|
|• Mayor||Mitch Landrieu (D)|
|• City and Parish||350.2 sq mi (907 km2)|
|• Land||180.6 sq mi (467.6 km2)|
|• Water||169.7 sq mi (439.4 km2)|
|• Metro||3,755.2 sq mi (9,726.6 km2)|
|Elevation||-6.5 to 20 ft (-2 to 6 m)|
|• City and Parish||369,250|
|• Density||1,965/sq mi (759/km2)|
|Time zone||CST (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
New Orleans is a city in the state of Louisiana in the United States. It is the largest city in Louisiana, and the 51st-largest city in the U.S. It is the capital of Orleans Parish. It was named in honour of the French Duke of Orléans (then Regent of France).
History[change | change source]
The city was first built by the French before it became a territory of the United States when President Thomas Jefferson bought the Louisiana Purchase in 1803. It was built at the mouth of the Mississippi River. It has been one of the World's greatest seaport cities for many years. All the land is low, originally just a short vertical distance above sea level. In the last three hundred years, the city has sunk slowly into the marshy soil. Large portions of New Orleans are now below sea level. A system of many pumps, dikes, sea walls, and levees were built.
Over half of the grain that is sent by ship to other countries, comes first by barge through the Port of New Orleans. The grains are grown in the farming states bordering the Mississippi River, the Missouri River, and Ohio Rivers. Much of the crude oil that is made into gasoline and diesel fuel is brought to New Orleans for oil refinery and distribution to other parts of the United States by barge or oil pipeline. Also, there are many oil well platforms nearby, in the Gulf of Mexico.
Hurricane Katrina[change | change source]
On August 29, 2005, New Orleans was affected by Hurricane Katrina which flooded most of the city when the cities levees broke. The special systems built to protect this under water city failed in several ways. Water came over the dikes, seawalls, and levees at six places. The engines on the pumps failed as the water rose above them. It is estimated that more than three quarters (3/4) of New Orleans was under water in early September of 2005. The very deep water caused failure of sewer, phone, electric and fresh water systems. Many people drowned. Many homes were completely covered with water. Many important records, some from the French period of the 18th century were destroyed.
For years, many people believed that a flood in New Orleans would happen. A very serious flood happened several hundred miles upstream, on the Mississippi delta, when heavy rains fell in 1927. The hardships from that flood led many people to move away. Many moved to Chicago.
Effects of Hurricane Katrina[change | change source]
After Hurricane Katrina, many people who lived in the flooded city moved to other places in the US. Many people were afraid to move back. Their jobs and homes were gone and their possessions were lost. The people who could move back spread to many other states. Texas received the most flood victims. Many volunteers and charities are helping the flood victims to relocate to new homes and, at the same time, repair homes and services in this city. Several years after Katrina, New Orleans still had much fewer people than it did before the hurricane.
References[change | change source]
- "City and Town Totals: Vintage 2011". http://www.census.gov/popest/data/cities/totals/2011/index.html.
- Mildenberg, David. "Census shows a far less populous New Orleans". washingtonpost.com. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2011/02/04/AR2011020406198.html. Retrieved February 4, 2011.
Other websites[change | change source]
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide about: New Orleans|