Marion Robert Morrison
May 26, 1907
|Died||June 11, 1979 (aged 72)|
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
|Cause of death||Stomach cancer|
|Other names||Marion Michael Morrison; Duke|
John Wayne (May 26, 1907 – June 11, 1979) was an Academy Award-winning, American movie actor.
Early life[change | change source]
Born with the name Marion Robert Morrison in Winterset, Iowa. Wayne was Scotch Irish on his father and Irish on his mother's side. During Wayne's childhood, he moved to Palmdale, California then to Glendale, California. While attending Wayne started working in small local movie companies. And also started playing football in high school and participated in the Glendale school team before being recruited by the University of Southern California (USC).
Career[change | change source]
Wayne began his movie career in the 1920s. In 1928, he played an extra in John Ford's Four Sons. In 1930, he had his first leading role in The Big Trail.
Wayne was nominated for an Academy Award for Sands of Iwo Jima. One of his most important roles was that of Ethan Edwards a desperate man looking for his niece kidnapped by Comanche in the 1956 western movie The Searchers, directed by John Ford.
The Alamo was nominated for several Academy Awards. It won the award for Best Sound. Wayne received an Academy Award and Golden Globe Award for his role in True Grit. His last role was in The Shootist.
In 1999, the American Film Institute named Wayne thirteenth among the Greatest Male Stars of All Time. A Harris Poll released in 2007 placed Wayne third among America's favorite movie stars, the only star on the list who has died and the only one who has appeared on the poll every year.
Cancer and death[change | change source]
Wayne had lung cancer in the 1960s. He had a lung removed and recovered. He died of stomach cancer.
Filmography[change | change source]
- Key to studio abbreviations
|20th||20th Century-Fox||AFI||American Film Institute||AK||Alaska Pictures|
|Arg||Argosy Pictures||Arm||Armada Productions||Batjac||Batjac|
|Col||Columbia||CVW||C.V. Whitney||DDL||Dino De Laurentiis|
|Fen||Fenady Associates||FN||First National||Fox||Fox Films|
|Mono||Monogram ("Lone Star")||Mop||Monterey Productions||NG||National General|
|Rom||Romina Productions||SB||Samuel Bronston||Sho||Showman's Pictures|
|Sig||Sigma||Tif||Tiffany Pictures||UA||United Artists|
|Uni||Universal||WB||Warner Bros.||W-F||Wayne-Fellows Productions|
|1926||Brown of Harvard||Yale Football Player||Jack Conway||MGM||Wayne was an unbilled football player in game sequences of this sports drama, with William Haines, Mary Brian, and Jack Pickford.|||
|1926||Bardelys the Magnificent||Guard||King Vidor||MGM||Wayne unbilled in this swashbuckler with John Gilbert and Eleanor Boardman.|||
|1926||The Great K & A Train Robbery||Extra||Lewis Seiler||Fox||A Tom Mix Western. Wayne unbilled.|||
|1927||Annie Laurie||Extra||John S. Robertson||MGM||With Lillian Gish and Norman Kerry. Wayne unbilled.|||
|1927||The Drop Kick (US title)
Glitter (UK title)
|Extra||Millard Webb||FN||A football drama with Richard Barthelmess. Wayne once again unbilled as a football player in game footage.|||
|1928||Mother Machree||Extra||John Ford||Fox||An Irish drama with Victor McLaglen. Wayne unbilled in his first film with Ford. Sources disagree whether Wayne actually appeared on film, as he was a prop man.|||
|1928||Four Sons||Extra||John Ford||Fox||An Irish drama with Victor McLaglen. Wayne unbilled. Sources disagree whether Wayne actually appeared on film in this picture, as well.|||
|1928||Hangman's House||Horse Race Spectator / Condemned Man||John Ford||Fox||An Irish drama with Victor McLaglen. Wayne unbilled but noticeable as a spectator in a horse racing scene.|||
|1928||Noah's Ark||Flood extra||Michael Curtiz||WB||A Biblical drama with Dolores Costello, George O'Brien, Noah Beery, and Myrna Loy. Wayne and Andy Devine unbilled as extras in the flood sequence.|||
|1929||Speakeasy||Extra||Benjamin Stoloff||Fox||A sports drama with Lola Lane and Paul Page. Wayne unbilled.|||
|1929||The Black Watch||Extra||John Ford||Fox||Drama of the British army in India during the First World War, with Victor McLaglen and Myrna Loy. Wayne and Randolph Scott unbilled.|||
|1929||Words and Music||Pete Donahue||James Tinling||Fox||Wayne billed under his real name, Duke Morrison. An early talkie musical. Now apparently a lost film.|||
|1929||Salute||Bill, Midshipman||John Ford||Fox||A football drama with George O'Brien and Helen Chandler. Wayne and Ward Bond unbilled.|||
|1929||The Forward Pass||Extra||Eddie Cline||Fox||A football drama with Douglas Fairbanks, Jr. and Loretta Young. Wayne unbilled. A lost film.|||
|1930||Men Without Women||Radioman on surface||John Ford||Fox||A submarine drama. Wayne unbilled.|||
|1930||Born Reckless||Soldier||John Ford
|Fox||A crime melodrama with Edmund Lowe, Lee Tracy, and Marguerite Churchill. Wayne, Randolph Scott, and Ward Bond unbilled.|||
|1930||Rough Romance||Lumberjack||A.F. Erickson||Fox||A logging adventure with George O'Brien and Antonio Moreno. Wayne unbilled.|||
|1930||Cheer Up and Smile||Bit role||Sidney Lansfield||Fox||A musical with Arthur Lake, Dixie Lee, Olga Baclanova, and "Whispering" Jack Smith. Wayne and J. Carrol Naish unbilled.|||
|1930||The Big Trail||Breck Coleman||Raoul Walsh||Fox||With Tyrone Power, Sr., Ian Keith, Ward Bond. An epic Western shot simultaneously in standard 35 mm and 70 mm "Grandeur" wide-screen. Wayne's first starring role.|||
|1931||Girls Demand Excitement||Peter Brooks||Seymour Felix||Fox||A college romantic comedy.|||
|1931||Three Girls Lost||Gordon Wales||Sidney Lansfield||Fox|||
|1931||Arizona (US title)
The Virtuous Wife (UK title)
|Lt. Bob Denton||George B. Seitz||Col||Based on the play by Augustus Thomas. Previously filmed in 1919 with Douglas Fairbanks in the Wayne role.||[a]|
|1931||The Deceiver||Reginald Thorpe's corpse||Louis King||Col||Wayne's most ignominious part. He played the corpse of the character played (alive) by Ian Keith.|||
|1931||Range Feud||Clint Turner||D. Ross Letterman||Col||A B-Western starring Buck Jones. Wayne in a supporting role.|||
|1931||Maker of Men||Dusty Rhodes||Edward Sedgwick||Col||A football drama with Jack Holt and Richard Cromwell. Wayne in a supporting role.|||
|1932||The Voice of Hollywood: No. 13||Himself||Mark D'Agostino||Tif||A short subject.|||
|1932||Running Hollywood||Himself||Charles Lamont||Uni||A two-reel short.|
|1932||The Shadow of the Eagle||Craig McCoy||Ford Beebe||Mas||A 12-chapter serial.|||
|1932||Texas Cyclone||Steve Pickett||D. Ross Lederman||Col||A B-Western starring Tim McCoy. Wayne in a supporting part.|||
|1932||Two-Fisted Law||Duke||D. Ross Lederman||Col||Another B-Western starring Tim McCoy. Wayne in a supporting part.|||
|1932||Lady and Gent||Buzz Kinney||Stephen Roberts||Par||A boxing drama with George Bancroft and Wynne Gibson. Wayne in a supporting role. Remade as Unmarried (1939) with Buster Crabbe in Wayne's role.|||
|1932||The Hurricane Express||Larry Baker||Armand Schaefer
|Mas||A 12-chapter serial.|||
|1932||The Hollywood Handicap||Himself||Charles Lamont||Uni||A two-reel short.|||
|1932||Ride Him, Cowboy (US title)
The Hawk (UK title)
|John Drury||Fred Allen[b]||WB||Wayne's first starring role in a B-Western, the first of six that he would make for Warner Bros. Remake of The Unknown Cavalier (1926) with Ken Maynard.|||
|1932||That's My Boy||Football Player||Roy William Neill||Col||With Richard Cromwell and Dorothy Jordan. Another football drama with Wayne in a supporting role.|||
|1932||The Big Stampede||John Steele||Tenny Wright||WB||Remake of Land Beyond the Law (1927) with Ken Maynard. Remade under original title in 1936 with Dick Foran.|||
|1932||Haunted Gold||John Mason||Mack V. Wright||WB||Remake of The Phantom City (1928) with Ken Maynard.|||
|1933||The Telegraph Trail||John Trent||Tenny Wright||WB||Wayne's first film with Yakima Canutt. A clip of this film was used in Footlight Parade (1933). Semi-remake of The Red Raiders (1927) with Ken Maynard.|||
|1933||The Three Musketeers||Tom Wayne||Armand Schaefer
|Mas||With Creighton Chaney. A 12-chapter serial set in the Arabian desert. Very loosely adapted from the Dumas novel. Later re-edited into a 1946 feature entitled Desert Command.|||
|1933||Central Airport||Co-pilot in wreck||William Wellman||WB||An aviation drama with Richard Barthelmess, Sally Eilers, and Tom Brown. Wayne in an unbilled bit, and his first on-screen death.|||
|1933||Somewhere in Sonora||John Bishop||Mack V. Wright||WB||Remake of the 1927 film of the same title with Ken Maynard.|||
|1933||His Private Secretary||Dick Wallace||Philip H. Whitman||WB||Romantic comedy made by the independent company Showman's Pictures.|||
|1933||The Life of Jimmy Dolan (US title)
The Kid's Last Fight (UK title)
|Smith||Archie Mayo||WB||Boxing melodrama with Douglas Fairbanks, Jr. and Loretta Young. Wayne in small supporting role as a frightened boxer. Remade as They Made Me a Criminal (1939) with John Garfield, and Louis Jean Heydt in Wayne's role.|||
|1933||Baby Face||Jimmy McCoy||Alfred E. Green||WB||Wayne in a supporting part. This was the only time he appeared in a film with Stanwyck.|||
|1933||The Man from Monterey||Capt. John Holmes||Mack V. Wright||WB||Wayne's last B-Western for Warner Bros.|||
|1933||Riders of Destiny||Sandy Saunders ("Singing Sandy")||R.N. Bradbury||Mono||Wayne's first B-Western for Monogram, released as a "Lone Star Western", and the only one to present him as a singing cowboy (with a dubbed singing voice). Also his first teaming with George "Gabby" Hayes.|||
|1933||The Sweetheart of Sigma Chi||Bit part||Edwin L. Marin||WB||A college romantic comedy with Mary Carlisle, Buster Crabbe, Charles Starrett, and Betty Grable. Wayne wore a moustache in his bit part, which was cut from the final print.|||
|1933||College Coach (US title)
Football Coach (UK title)
|Student||William Wellman||WB||Wayne's last bit part. Aside from cameos, he would play the lead – or one of the leads – in all of his subsequent pictures.|||
|1933||Sagebrush Trail (US title)
An Innocent Ian (UK title)
|John Brant||Armand Schaefer||Mono||With Yakima Canutt.|||
|1934||The Lucky Texan||Jerry Mason||R.N. Bradbury||Mono||With George Hayes, Yakima Canutt, Earl Dwire.|||
|1934||West of the Divide||Ted Hayden||R.N. Bradbury||Mono||With George Hayes, Yakima Canutt, Lafe McKee, Earl Dwire.|||
|1934||Blue Steel||John Carruthers||R.N. Bradbury||Mono||With George Hayes, Yakima Canutt, Lafe McKee, Earl Dwire. Filmed on location in Lone Pine, California.|||
|1934||The Man from Utah||John Westen||R.N. Bradbury||Mono||With George Hayes, Yakima Canutt, Lafe McKee.|||
|1934||Randy Rides Alone||Randy Bowers||Harry L. Fraser||Mono||With George Hayes, Yakima Canutt, Earl Dwire. Rare villain role for Hayes.|||
|1934||The Star Packer||John Travers||R.N. Bradbury||Mono||With George Hayes, Yakima Canutt, Earl Dwire.|||
|1934||The Trail Beyond||Rod Drew||R.N. Bradbury||Mono||With Noah Beery, Sr., Noah Beery, Jr., Earl Dwire. Based on the novel The Wolf Hunters by James Oliver Curwood. Also filmed under the novel's title in 1926 and 1949.|||
|1934||The Lawless Frontier||John Tobin||R.N. Bradbury||Mono||With George Hayes, Yakima Canutt, Earl Dwire.|||
|1934||'Neath the Arizona Skies||Chris Morrell||Harry Fraser||Mono||With Shirley Jean Rickert, George Hayes, Yakima Canutt, Earl Dwire.|||
|1935||Texas Terror||John Higgins||R.N. Bradbury||Mono||With George Hayes.|||
|1935||Rainbow Valley||John Martin||R.N. Bradbury||Mono||With George Hayes.|||
|1935||The Desert Trail||John Scott||Cullen Lewis||Mono||With Paul Fix.|||
|1935||The Dawn Rider||John Mason||R.N. Bradbury||Mono||With Yakima Canutt.|||
|1935||Paradise Canyon||John Wyatt||Carl Pierson||Mono||With Earle Hodgins and Yakima Canutt. Wayne's last "Lone Star" Western for Monogram.|||
|1935||Westward Ho||John Wyatt||R.N. Bradbury||Rep||With Yakima Canutt. Shot on location in Lone Pine. Wayne's first film for Republic Pictures.|||
|1935||The New Frontier||John Dawson||Carl Pierson||Rep||Not to be confused with the 1939 film Wayne made entitled New Frontier (no "the").|||
|1935||Lawless Range||John Middleton||R.N. Bradbury||Rep||With Yakima Canutt.|||
|1936||The Oregon Trail||Capt. John Delmont||Scott Pembroke||Rep||With Yakima Canutt. Shot on location in Lone Pine. A lost film. 40 stills were discovered in 2013.|||
|1936||The Lawless Nineties||John Tipton||Joseph Kane||Rep|||
|1936||King of the Pecos||John Clayborn||Joseph Kane||Rep||With Yakima Canutt. Shot on location in Lone Pine.|||
|1936||The Lonely Trail||Captain John Ashley||Joseph Kane||Rep||With Yakima Canutt. A post-American Civil War yarn about carpetbaggers.|||
|1936||Winds of the Wasteland||John Blair||Mack V. Wright||Rep||Hulu sometimes presents a colorized version entitled Stagecoach Run.|||
|1936||Sea Spoilers||Bob Randall||Frank Strayer||Uni||The first of six non-Westerns that Wayne did for Universal.|||
|1936||Conflict||Pat Glendon||David Howard||Uni||Based on the novel The Abysmal Brute by Jack London.|||
|1937||California Straight Ahead!||Biff Smith||Arthur Lubin||Uni||Wayne as a school bus driver who becomes a trucking industry leader.|||
|1937||I Cover the War||Bob Adams||Arthur Lubin||Uni||Shot on location in Lone Pine.|||
|1937||Idol of the Crowds||Johnny Hanson||Arthur Lubin||Uni||Sports drama with Wayne as a professional ice hockey player.|||
|1937||Adventure's End||Duke Slade||Arthur Lubin||Uni||The last of Wayne's non-Western "B" pictures for Universal.|||
|1937||Born to the West (original title)
Hell Town (reissue title)
|Dare Rudd||Charles Barton||Par||With Johnny Mack Brown. Based on the novel of the same name by Zane Grey. Previously filmed in 1926 with Jack Holt in the Wayne role.|||
|1938||Pals of the Saddle||Stoney Brooke||George Sherman||Rep||With Ray Corrigan (Tucson Smith) and Max Terhune (Lullaby Joslin). The first of eight films Wayne did in Republic's "Three Mesquiteers" series.|||
|1938||Overland Stage Raiders||Stoney Brooke||George Sherman||Rep||With Ray Corrigan (Tucson Smith) and Max Terhune (Lullaby Joslin). Louise Brooks' final film appearance.|||
|1938||Santa Fe Stampede||Stoney Brooke||George Sherman||Rep||With Ray Corrigan (Tucson Smith) and Max Terhune (Lullaby Joslin).|||
|1938||Red River Range||Stoney Brooke||George Sherman||Rep||With Ray Corrigan (Tucson Smith) and Max Terhune (Lullaby Joslin).|||
|1939||Stagecoach||Henry ("The Ringo Kid")||John Ford||UA[c]||With John Carradine, Andy Devine, George Bancroft, Louise Platt, Tim Holt, Tom Tyler. Filmed on location in Monument Valley. This is the film that boosted Wayne into major stardom.|||
|1939||The Night Riders||Stoney Brooke||George Sherman||Rep||With Ray Corrigan (Tucson Smith) and Max Terhune (Lullaby Joslin), Tom Tyler.[d] The story of this film was loosely based on the incidents in the life of James Reavis.[e]|||
|1939||Three Texas Steers (US title)
Danger Rides the Range (UK title)
|Stoney Brooke||George Sherman||Rep||With Ray Corrigan (Tucson Smith) and Max Terhune (Lullaby Joslin).|||
|1939||Wyoming Outlaw||Stoney Brooke||George Sherman||Rep||With Ray Corrigan (Tucson Smith) and Raymond Hatton (Rusty Joslin).|||
|1939||New Frontier (original title)
Frontier Horizon (TV title)[f]
|Stoney Brooke||George Sherman||Rep||With Ray Corrigan (Tucson Smith) and Raymond Hatton (Rusty Joslin). Film debut of Phyllis Isley, later known as Jennifer Jones.[g] Wayne's last film in the "Three Mesquiteers" series and his last B-Western.|||
|1939||Allegheny Uprising (US title)
The First Rebel (UK title)
|Jim Smith||William A. Seiter||RKO||Wayne has second billing under Trevor.|||
|1940||Dark Command||Bob Seton||Raoul Walsh||Rep||With Claire Trevor, Walter Pidgeon, Roy Rogers, and George Hayes. A fictionalized account of the infamous William Quantrill.|||
|1940||Screen Snapshots Series 19, No. 8: Cowboy Jubilee||Himself||Ralph Staub||Rep||A one-reel short also featuring Gene Autry and Roy Rogers.|
|1940||Three Faces West||John Phillips||Bernard Vorhaus||Rep||With Charles Coburn.|||
|1940||The Long Voyage Home||Ole Olson||John Ford||UA||With Thomas Mitchell, Barry Fitzgerald, Ward Bond. Based on four one-act plays by Eugene O'Neill.[h]|||
|1940||Seven Sinners (original title)
Cafe of the Seven Sinners (UK re-issue title)
|Lt. Dan Brent||Tay Garnett||Uni||Wayne's first of three teamings with Dietrich.|||
|1941||A Man Betrayed (US title)
Citadel of Crime (UK title)
Wheel of Fortune (TV title)
|Lynn Hollister||John H. Auer||Rep||With Ward Bond|||
|1941||Lady from Louisiana||John Reynolds||Bernard Vorhaus||Rep||With Ray Middleton, Henry Stephenson.|||
|1941||The Shepherd of the Hills||Matt Matthews||Henry Hathaway||Par||With Harry Carey. Wayne's first film in color (Technicolor).|||
|1941||Meet the Stars: Past and Present||Himself||Harriet Parsons||Rep||A promotional short.|
|1942||Lady for a Night||Jack Morgan||Leigh Jason||Rep||Wayne is billed second.|||
|1942||Reap the Wild Wind||Capt. Jack Stuart||Cecil B. DeMille||Par||With Ray Milland, Raymond Massey, Robert Preston, Susan Hayward. Filmed in Technicolor. Wayne is billed second in this seafaring epic.[i] His only film with DeMille.|||
|1942||The Spoilers||Roy Glennister||Ray Enright||Uni||With Randolph Scott, Harry Carey, Richard Barthelmess. Sprawling version of the Rex Beach novel, climaxing with an epic saloon fight between Wayne and Scott (in a rare villainous role). Wayne is billed third.||[j]|
|1942||In Old California||Tom Craig||William McGann||Rep||Wayne plays a pharmacist in this film, which was the occupation of his real-life father.|||
|1942||Flying Tigers||Jim Gordon||David Miller||Rep||Wayne's first war movie.|||
|1942||Reunion in France (US title)
Mademoiselle France (UK title)
|Pat Talbot||Jules Dassin||MGM||With Philip Dorn.|||
|1942||Pittsburgh||Charles "Pittsburgh" Markham||Lewis Seiler||Uni||With Randolph Scott, Shemp Howard. An unrelated follow-up to The Spoilers with the same three leads. Wayne is billed third.|||
|1943||A Lady Takes a Chance||Duke Hudkins||William A. Seiter||RKO||Wayne billed second. Produced by Frank Ross, Jean Arthur's husband).|||
|1943||In Old Oklahoma
War of the Wildcats (re-issue title)
|Dan Somers||Al Rogell||Rep||With Albert Dekker, George Hayes, Dale Evans.|||
|1944||The Fighting Seabees||Wedge Donovan||Edward Ludwig||Rep||Another war movie, this one dealing with the U.S. Navy's famed construction battalion.|||
|1944||Tall in the Saddle||Rocklin||Edwin L. Marin||RKO||With Ward Bond, George Hayes|||
|1944||Flame of Barbary Coast||Duke Fergus||Joseph Kane||Rep||With Joseph Schildkraut, William Frawley.|||
|1945||Back to Bataan||Col. Joseph Madden||Edward Dmytryk||RKO||With Anthony Quinn, Beulah Bondi.|||
|1945||They Were Expendable||Lt. Rusty Ryan||John Ford||MGM||With Robert Montgomery, Jack Holt, Ward Bond. Wayne gets second billing to Montgomery in this film about naval PT boats.|||
|1945||Dakota||John Devlin||Joseph Kane||Rep||With Walter Brennan, Ward Bond.|||
|1946||Without Reservations||Rusty Thomas||Mervyn LeRoy||RKO||With Don DeFore. Wayne has second billing under Colbert. From this point on Wayne would always have top billing (except for appearances in "all-star" films or guest appearances).|||
|1947||Angel and the Badman||Quirt Evans||James Edward Grant||Rep||With Bruce Cabot, Harry Carey. Wayne's first film as producer as well as star.|||
|1947||Tycoon||Johnny Munroe||Richard Wallace||RKO||With Sir Cedric Hardwicke, Anthony Quinn, Judith Anderson, James Gleason. Location shooting at Lone Pine. Filmed in Technicolor.|||
|1948||Red River||Thomas Dunson||Howard Hawks||Mop
|With Montgomery Clift,[k] Walter Brennan, John Ireland, Harry Carey, Harry Carey, Jr., Noah Beery, Jr., Hank Worden. Generally regarded as one of Wayne's finest films and finest performances. His first film with director Hawks.|||
|1948||Fort Apache||Capt. Kirby York||John Ford||Arg
|With Henry Fonda, John Agar, Victor McLaglen, Ward Bond, George O'Brien. The first of Ford's "cavalry trilogy." Filmed on location in Monument Valley.|||
|1948||3 Godfathers||Robert Marmaduke Hightower||John Ford||Arg
|Filmed in Technicolor on location in Death Valley, California.||[l]|
|1948||Wake of the Red Witch||Capt. Ralls||Edward Ludwig||Rep||With Gig Young, Adele Mara, Luther Adler.|||
|1949||The Fighting Kentuckian||John Breen||George Waggner||Rep||With Philip Dorn, Oliver Hardy,[m] Marie Windsor. Wayne produced this film.|||
|1949||She Wore a Yellow Ribbon||Capt. Nathan Brittles||John Ford||Arg
|With John Agar, Victor McLaglen, Harry Carey, Jr., Mildred Natwick, George O'Brien. The second film in Ford's "cavalry trilogy." Filmed in Technicolor on location in Monument Valley.|||
|1949||Screen Snapshots: Hollywood Rodeo||Himself||Ralph Staub||Col||A documentary short.|
|1949||Sands of Iwo Jima||Sgt. John M. Stryker||Allan Dwan||Rep||With John Agar, Forrest Tucker. Wayne received his first Academy Award nomination for this film.|||
|1950||Rio Grande[n]||Lt. Col. Kirby Yorke[o]||John Ford||Arg
|With Ben Johnson, Claude Jarman, Jr., Harry Carey, Jr., and Victor McLaglen. The last of Ford's "cavalry trilogy" and Wayne's first of five teamings with O'Hara. Filmed on location in Monument Valley.|||
|1951||Screen Snapshots: Reno's Silver Spur Awards||Himself||Ralph Staub||Col||A documentary short.|
|1951||Operation Pacific||"Duke" Gifford||George Waggner||WB||With Ward Bond.|||
|1951||The Screen Director||Himself||WB||A promotional short featuring a scene on the set of Operation Pacific with John Ford directing Wayne. (Actually, George Waggner was the director of that film, so this scene was obviously staged.)|
|1951||Screen Snapshots: Hollywood Awards||Himself||Ralph Staub||Col||A documentary short.|
|1951||Flying Leathernecks||Major Dan Kirby||Nicholas Ray||RKO||With Robert Ryan. Produced by Howard Hughes.|||
|1952||Miracle in Motion||Narrator||Rep||Wayne narrates this fund-raiser for the benefit of the United Cerebral Palsy Foundation.|
|1952||The Quiet Man||Sean Thornton||John Ford||Arg
|Filmed in Technicolor on location in Ireland. One of Wayne's most beloved films. His children Michael, Patrick, Melinda, and Antonia have small roles in the film.|||
|1952||Big Jim McLain||Big Jim McLain||Edward Ludwig||W-F
|With James Arness, Alan Napier. An anti-communist action film. Produced by Wayne.|||
|1953||Trouble Along the Way||Steve Aloysius Williams||Michael Curtiz||WB||With Charles Coburn, Sherry Jackson.|||
|1953||Island in the Sky||Capt. Dooley||William A. Wellman||W-F
|With Lloyd Nolan, Walter Abel, James Arness. Wayne also produced.|||
|1953||Hondo||Hondo Lane||John Farrow||W-F
|With Ward Bond, Michael Pate, James Arness. Based on a story by Louis L'Amour. Filmed in 3D and WarnerColor. Wayne also produced.|||
|1954||The High and the Mighty||Dan Roman||William A. Wellman||WB
|With Robert Stack, Phil Harris, Robert Newton, Paul Kelly. Wayne also produced this aviation drama. A big hit in its day, filmed in CinemaScope and WarnerColor. This was Wayne's first wide-screen film since The Big Trail (1930).|||
|1955||The Sea Chase||Capt. Karl Ehrlich||John Farrow||WB||With David Farrar, Tab Hunter, James Arness. Filmed in CinemaScope and WarnerColor on location in Hawaii. Wayne took an unusual role as a World War II German naval officer.|||
|1955||Screen Snapshots: The Great Al Jolson||Himself||Ralph Staub||Col||A documentary short salute Jolson. Wayne is one of the celebrities shown in the film.|
|1955||Blood Alley||Captain Tom Wilder||William A. Wellman||WB||Filmed in CinemaScope and WarnerColor. Wayne produced this film and replaced Robert Mitchum after firing him.|||
|1956||The Conqueror||Temüjin (Genghis Khan)||Dick Powell||RKO||With Pedro Armendáriz, Agnes Moorehead. Filmed in CinemaScope and Technicolor. Produced by Howard Hughes. Generally regarded as one of the worst movies ever made.|||
|1956||The Searchers||Ethan Edwards||John Ford||CVW
|With Jeffrey Hunter, Ward Bond, Henry Brandon, Olive Carey, John Qualen, Hank Worden, Patrick Wayne, Harry Carey, Jr. . Filmed in VistaVision and Technicolor. Generally regarded as one of the greatest movies ever made.|||
|1957||The Wings of Eagles||Frank "Spig" Wead||John Ford||MGM||With Dan Dailey, Ward Bond,[p] Ken Curtis, Edmund Lowe. Filmed in Metrocolor.|||
|1957||Jet Pilot||Colonel Jim Shannon||Josef von Sternberg||RKO
|Filmed in Technicolor and released in RKO-Scope. Shot in 1949–50 but not released until 1957. Produced by Howard Hughes. Generally regarded as one of Wayne's worst films.|||
|1957||Legend of the Lost||Joe January||Henry Hathaway||Batjac
|With Rossano Brazzi. Filmed in Technirama and Technicolor on location in the Libyan desert.|||
|1958||I Married a Woman||Himself||Hal Kanter||RKO
|Wayne has an unbilled cameo in this minor comedy starring George Gobel and Diana Dors. Filmed in RKO-Scope and black and white except for one of Wayne's two scenes, which was shot in Technicolor.|||
|1958||The Barbarian and the Geisha||Townsend Harris||John Huston||20th||With Sam Jaffe. Inspired by a true story. Filmed in CinemaScope and Eastmancolor.|||
|1959||Rio Bravo||John T. Chance||Howard Hawks||Arm
|With Dean Martin, Ricky Nelson, Walter Brennan, Ward Bond, John Russell, Claude Akins. Generally regarded as one of Wayne's best, provided the template and format for many of his later films.|||
|1959||The Horse Soldiers||Col. John Marlowe||John Ford||UA||With William Holden, Hoot Gibson. Filmed in Deluxe color.|||
|1960||The Alamo||Col. David Crockett||John Wayne||Batjac
|With Richard Widmark, Laurence Harvey, Richard Boone, Chill Wills, Frankie Avalon, Patrick Wayne. Wayne fulfilled a long-time dream by producing, directing, and starring in this epic telling of the battle for Texas independence. Filmed in Todd-AO and Technicolor.|||
|1960||North to Alaska||Sam McCord||Henry Hathaway||20th||With Stewart Granger, Ernie Kovacs, Fabian. Filmed in CinemaScope and Deluxe color.|||
|1961||The Challenge of Ideas||Himself||An anti-communist propaganda short. With Jack Webb, Helen Hayes, Chet Huntley.||[q]|
|1961||The Comancheros||Jake Cutter||Michael Curtiz||20th||With Stuart Whitman, Lee Marvin, Bruce Cabot, Patrick Wayne. Filmed in CinemaScope and Deluxe color. The last film directed by Curtiz.[r]|||
|1962||The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance||Tom Doniphon||John Ford||Par||With James Stewart,[s] Lee Marvin, Woody Strode, Andy Devine.|||
|1962||Hatari!||Sean Mercer||Howard Hawks||Par||With Red Buttons, Hardy Kruger, Bruce Cabot. Filmed in Technicolor on location in Tanganyika.|||
|1962||The Longest Day||Lt.Col. Benjamin Vandervoort||Ken Annakin
Darryl F. Zanuck
|20th||Wayne was part of an all-star cast in this epic retelling of the D-Day invasion of June 6, 1944. Filmed in black and white and CinemaScope.|||
|1962||How the West Was Won||Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman||John Ford
|MGM||An all-star epic. Wayne appeared in the American Civil War sequence directed by Ford.[t] Also appearing in this sequence were George Peppard, Russ Tamblyn, and Harry Morgan (as Ulysses S. Grant). Filmed in Technicolor and Cinerama.||[u]|
|1963||Donovan's Reef||Michael Patrick Donovan||John Ford||Par||With Lee Marvin, Jack Warden, Cesar Romero. Filmed in Technicolor on location in Kauai, Hawaii. Wayne's last film with director John Ford.[v]|||
|1963||McLintock!||George Washington McLintock||Andrew V. McLaglen||Batjac
|With Patrick Wayne, Stefanie Powers, Bruce Cabot, Yvonne de Carlo. A big favorite with Wayne fans. His first film with director McLaglen. Filmed in Panavision and Technicolor.|||
|1964||Circus World (US title)
The Magnificent Showman (UK title)
|Matt Masters||Henry Hathaway||SB
|With Lloyd Nolan, Richard Conte, John Smith. Filmed in 70 mm Super Technirama and Technicolor. Originally presented in Cinerama.|||
|1965||The Greatest Story Ever Told||The Centurion (Longinus)||George Stevens||UA||Director Stevens' large-scale telling of the life of Jesus Christ (played by Max von Sydow) with an all-star supporting cast. Wayne has a cameo as the Roman centurion who leads Christ to his crucifixion.|||
|1965||In Harm's Way||Capt. Rockwell Torrey||Otto Preminger||Sig
|With Kirk Douglas, Tom Tryon, Paula Prentiss, Burgess Meredith, Brandon deWilde, Henry Fonda. Filmed in Panavision. Wayne's last film in black and white.|||
|1965||The Sons of Katie Elder||John Elder||Henry Hathaway||Par||With Dean Martin, Earl Holliman. Filmed in Panavision and Technicolor on location near Durango, Mexico.|||
|1966||Cast a Giant Shadow||Gen. Mike Randolph||Melville Shavelson||Batjac
|With Kirk Douglas, Senta Berger. Wayne, Yul Brynner, and Frank Sinatra did guest star appearances in the biopic of Col. David "Mickey" Marcus (Douglas). Filmed in Technicolor.|||
|1966||El Dorado||Cole Thornton||Howard Hawks||Par||With Robert Mitchum, James Caan, Arthur Hunnicutt, Edward Asner. Filmed in Technicolor on location in Arizona. Filmed before, but released after, The War Wagon.|||
|1967||A Nation Builds Under Fire||Himself||Harry Middleton||A documentary short dealing with Vietnam.||[w]|
|1967||The War Wagon||Taw Jackson||Burt Kennedy||Batjac
|With Kirk Douglas, Howard Keel, Robert Walker, Jr.,[x] Bruce Cabot. Filmed in Panavision and Technicolor on location in Durango.|||
|1968||The Green Berets||Col. Mike Kirby||John Wayne
|With David Janssen, Jim Hutton, Aldo Ray, Bruce Cabot, George Takei. Wayne's controversial take on the Vietnam War. Filmed in Panavision and Technicolor on location at Fort Benning, Georgia. Co-directed by an uncredited Mervyn LeRoy, but credit given instead to Ray Kellogg.||[y]|
|1968||Hellfighters||Chance Buckman||Andrew V. McLaglen||Uni||With Jim Hutton, Bruce Cabot, Jay C. Flippen. Wayne's character was based on real-life "hellfighter" Red Adair. Filmed in Panavision and Technicolor.|||
|1969||True Grit||U.S. Marshal Reuben J. "Rooster" Cogburn||Henry Hathaway||Par||With Glen Campbell, Jeremy Slate, Robert Duvall, Strother Martin, Jeff Corey. Wayne's Academy Award winning performance and his last film with Hathaway. Filmed in Technicolor.|||
|1969||The Undefeated||Col. John Henry Thomas||Andrew V. McLaglen||20th||With Rock Hudson, Roman Gabriel, Lee Meriwether. Filmed in Panavision and Deluxe color.|||
|1970||No Substitute for Victory||Narrator||Robert F. Slatzer||AK||A short in support of America's involvement in the Vietnam War. With General Mark Clark, Martha Raye, Sam Yorty, General William Westmoreland, and Lowell Thomas.|
|1970||Chisum||John Chisum||Andrew V. McLaglen||Batjac
|With Forrest Tucker, Christopher George, Bruce Cabot, Patric Knowles, Geoffrey Deuel (as Billy the Kid), Glenn Corbett (as Pat Garrett). Filmed in Panavision and Technicolor.|||
|1970||Rio Lobo||Cord McNally||Howard Hawks||Par||With Jorge Rivero, Jack Elam, Chris Mitchum, Sherry Lansing, George Plimpton.[z] Wayne's last film with Hawks. Filmed in Technicolor.|||
|1971||Big Jake||Jacob McCandles||George Sherman||Batjac
|With Richard Boone, Patrick Wayne, Chris Mitchum, Bruce Cabot. Filmed in Panavision and Technicolor.|||
|1971||Directed by John Ford||Himself||Peter Bogdanovich||AFI||A documentary, narrated by Orson Welles.|
|1972||The Cowboys||Wil Andersen||Mark Rydell||WB||With Roscoe Lee Browne, Bruce Dern, Colleen Dewhurst. Filmed in Panavision 70 and Technicolor. Later a TV series.|||
|1972||Cancel My Reservation||Himself||Paul Bogart||WB||Wayne, Bing Crosby, Johnny Carson, and Flip Wilson made brief, unbilled cameo appearances in this Bob Hope comedy. Filmed in Technicolor.|
|1973||The Train Robbers||Lane||Burt Kennedy||Batjac
|With Rod Taylor, Ben Johnson, Christopher George, Ricardo Montalbán. Filmed in Panavision and Technicolor.|||
|1973||Cahill, United States Marshal (US title)
Cahill (UK title)
|J.D. Cahill||Andrew V. McLaglen||Batjac
|With George Kennedy, Gary Grimes, Neville Brand, Clay O'Brien. Filmed in Panavision and Technicolor.|||
|1974||McQ||Det. Lt. Lon McQ||John Sturges||Batjac
|With Eddie Albert, Clu Gulager. Filmed in Panavision and Technicolor.
The first of Wayne's two cop films made in the wake of Clint Eastwood's success with Dirty Harry (1971).
|1975||Brannigan||Brannigan||Douglas Hickox||UA||With Richard Attenborough, Mel Ferrer. Filmed in Panavision and Deluxe colour on location in London.|||
|1975||Rooster Cogburn||Marshal Reuben J. "Rooster" Cogburn||Stuart Millar||Uni||With Anthony Zerbe, Richard Jordan, John McIntire, Strother Martin. Filmed in Panavision and Technicolor on location in Oregon.||[aa]|
|1976||Chesty: Tribute to a Legend||Himself||John Ford||A tribute documentary on the most decorated U.S. Marine, Gen. Lewis B. "Chesty" Puller. Completed in 1970, but not released until 1976, three years after Ford's death.|
|1976||The Shootist||John Bernard Books||Don Siegel||DDL
|With Ron Howard, James Stewart, John Carradine, Hugh O'Brian, Harry Morgan, Richard Boone. Filmed in Technicolor.|||
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Notes[change | change source]
- ↑ Filmed as Arizona, the movie's makers applied to the New York State Censor Board for a new title, Men Are Like That, and the film was reviewed under that title in New York and other places.
- ↑ Not the radio comedian.
- ↑ A Walter Wanger production released thru United Artists.
- ↑ Tom Tyler played Wayne's role of Stoney Brooke in some of the later Mesquiteers series.
- ↑ These same incidents also formed the basis of the film The Baron of Arizona (1951), starring Vincent Price.
- ↑ The change in title was probably done to avoid confusion with an earlier Wayne film called The New Frontier (1936).
- ↑ Jennifer Jones' son, Robert Walker, Jr., appeared with Wayne in The War Wagon (1966).
- ↑ Namely, The Moon of the Caribees, In the Zone, Bound East For Cardiff, and The Long Voyage Home.
- ↑ When the film was re-issued in the 1950s Wayne and Susan Hayward received top billing in the advertisements.
- ↑ This story was also filmed in 1914, 1922, 1930 and 1955 with, respectively, William Farnum, Milton Sills, Gary Cooper, and Jeff Chandler in the Wayne role. Farnum also plays a supporting part in the Wayne version.
- ↑ This was Clift's first film, although the second one he made, The Search (1948), was released before Red River.
- ↑ Also filmed as Marked Men (1919), Hell's Heroes (1930), and Three Godfathers (1936) with, respectively, Harry Carey, Charles Bickford, and Chester Morris in the Wayne role.
- ↑ One of only three sound films Hardy did without comic partner Stan Laurel.
- ↑ The working title for Rio Grande was Rio Bravo, which was also the title used for a 1959 Wayne Western. The title Rio Grande had been used for a 1949 B-Western starring Sunset Carson.
- ↑ The character Wayne played here and in Fort Apache is the same character (just as it is in the short stories on which they are based), but here the character's last name has an added "e".
- ↑ Ward Bond plays a movie director named "John Dodge", an obvious spoof of the film's real director, John Ford.
- ↑ Produced by U.S. Information Agency.
- ↑ Reputedly, Curtiz was extremely ill during the shooting, as a result the majority of the film was directed by Wayne who refused to take credit.
- ↑ James Stewart received top billing over Wayne in the film's advertisements, but Wayne has top billing in the film's opening credits.
- ↑ Wayne had originally played Sherman in an episode of the TV series Wagon Train entitled "The Colton Craven Story." That episode was directed by John Ford.
- ↑ Technicolor prints were apparently used for only the Cinerama presentation while general release print used Metrocolor.
- ↑ Aside from the documentary film Chesty: Tribute to a Legend (1976).
- ↑ U.S. Department of Defense / Armed Forces Information & Education.
- ↑ Walker Jr's mother, actress Jennifer Jones, made her film debut opposite Wayne in New Frontier (1939).
- ↑ Vera Miles appeared in some scenes as Wayne's wife, but these were cut from the final print.
- ↑ George Plimpton made a TV documentary about the making of this film. In this documentary, entitled "Shoot-out at Rio Lobo". Wayne frequently accidentally referred to Plimpton as "Pimpleton".
- ↑ Warren Oates would play Rooster Cogburn in a 1978 TV film entitled True Grit: A Further Adventure.
Other websites[change | change source]
- The Official Website of John Wayne
- Official Licensee-John Wayne Six Guns-Red River D Classic Movie Gun Archived 2007-07-07 at the Wayback Machine
- John Wayne on IMDb
- John Wayne at the TCM Movie Database
- The Un-Official Website of John Wayne
- The Birthplace of John Wayne Official Website Archived 2008-04-10 at the Wayback Machine
- JWMB - DukeWayne.com - Largest Online Fan Community
- Find A Grave Entry
- John Wayne Cancer Foundation
- John Wayne Cancer Institute
- When Legend Becomes Fact: John Wayne and the American Identity Archived 2007-10-30 at the Wayback Machine
- Wayne Enterprises, the sole and exclusive licensor of the John Wayne name, image, and likeness
- Did John Wayne die of cancer caused by a radioactive movie set? Archived 2008-07-03 at the Wayback Machine (from The Straight Dope)
- The Religious Affiliation of John Wayne Archived 2006-10-23 at the Wayback Machine
- John Wayne Celebrity Soundboards
- John Wayne Archived 2006-06-29 at the Wayback Machine Profile at USC Legends
- John Wayne's Narration on America Archived 2006-11-25 at the Wayback Machine
- An Interview with Fr. Matthew Munoz - the Grandson of Actor John Wayne by Tim Drake
- Who shares his name Archived 2007-09-29 at the Wayback Machine
- John Wayne at TV.com
- John Wayne Archived 2007-07-09 at the Wayback Machine at TopTenREVIEWS
- The Shelf: Top Ten John Wayne Westerns
- Academy Award winning actors
- Actors from Iowa
- American movie actors
- American movie directors
- American movie producers
- American television actors
- Cancer deaths in Los Angeles
- Cancer survivors
- Deaths from stomach cancer
- Golden Globe Award winning actors
- Actors from Glendale, California
- Stage names
- 1907 births
- 1979 deaths