from What Every Woman Knows (1934)
|Born||Helen Hayes Brown
October 10, 1900
Washington, D.C., United States
|Died||March 17, 1993
New York, United States
|Spouse(s)||Charles MacArthur (m. 1928–56) (his death)|
Helen Hayes Brown (October 10, 1900 – March 17, 1993) was an American actress. Her career lasted for almost 70 years. Known as the "First Lady of the American Theatre", she is one of only thirteen people to win all four main American entertainment awards - Emmy, Grammy, Oscar and Tony. Hayes also received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1986, the National Medal of Arts in 1988 and was awarded at the Kennedy Center Honors in 1981. Two Broadway theaters are named after her.
Early life[change | change source]
Helen Hayes was born in Washington D.C. on October 10, 1890. She was an only child. Her mother, Catherine Estelle Hayes, was an actress of Irish ancestry. Her father, Francis van Arnum Brown, was a meat salesman.
Helen was an accomplished child. She went to a dancing school and sang very well. She began a stage career at the age of five, pushed by her mother. She also took her mother's maiden name as her stage name. By the age of ten, she had made a short movie. In 1917 Helen graduated from the Academy of the Sacred Heart Convent in Washington.
Career[change | change source]
Her first sound movie The Sin of Madelon Claudet (1931) brought her Academy Award for Best Actress. The part she played in it was written by her husband, Charles MacArthur. Among her other successful movies of that time were Arrowsmith (1931), A Farewell to Arms (1932), What Every Woman Knows (1934).
Hayes liked working in theatre. Her most famous performance on Broadway was the role of Queen Victoria in a play Victoria Regina (1938). She played leading parts in Coquette (1928) and Mary Of Scotland (1933) as well. Harvey (1970) became her last hit on stage. Helen had to retire from theatre because of her asthma condition.
She continued her work in movies. Hayes won her second Academy Award in 1970 for Airport. This time for Supporting role. During the later part of her career she was often in series and movies made for television. She successfully portrayed legendary character Miss Marple in several movies in 80s.
Personal life[change | change source]
Helen Hayes met her husband, Charles MacArthur, a playwright, in 1927. They married in August of 1928. They had a daughter, Mary, born in 1930. She became involved in acting, but, sadly, died from polio at the age of 19. It was a great tragedy for them. In 1938 Helen and Charles adopted a son, James MacArthur, who grew up to be an actor.
Charles MacArthur died in 1956. He had many years of illness and grief caused by his daughter's untimely death. Hayes never married again.
Death[change | change source]
Movies[change | change source]
|1917||The Weavers of Life||Peggy|
|1928||The Dancing Town||(leading role)||short film|
|1931||The Sin of Madelon Claudet||Madelon Claudet||Academy Award for Best Actress|
|1932||A Farewell to Arms||Catherine Barkley|
|The Son-Daughter||Lian Wha 'Star Blossom'|
|1933||The White Sister||Angela Chiaromonte|
|Another Language||Stella 'Stell' Hallam|
|Night Flight||Madame Fabian|
|1934||Crime Without Passion||Extra in hotel lobby||(uncredited)|
|What Every Woman Knows||Maggie Wylie|
|1935||Vanessa: Her Love Story||Vanessa Paris|
|1938||Hollywood Goes to Town||Herself||Short film|
|1943||Stage Door Canteen||Herself|
|1952||My Son John||Lucille Jefferson|
|1953||Main Street to Broadway||Herself|
|1956||Anastasia||Dowager Empress Maria Feodorovna||Golden Globe nomination for Best Actress - Motion Picture Drama|
|1959||Third Man on the Mountain||Tourist||uncredited|
|1961||The Challenge of Ideas||Herself - Narrator||Short movie, documentary|
|1969||Arsenic and Old Lace||Abby Brewster||TV movie|
|1970||Airport||Ada Quonsett||Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress|
|1971||Do Not Fold, Spindle, or Mutilate||Sophie Tate Curtis||TV movie; Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress - Miniseries or a Movie|
|1972||Harvey||Veta Louise Simmons||TV movie|
|1974||Herbie Rides Again||Mrs. Steinmetz||Golden Globe nomination for Best Actress in Musical or Comedy|
|1975||One of Our Dinosaurs Is Missing||Hettie|
|1976||Victory at Entebbe||Etta Grossman-Wise||TV movie|
|1978||A Family Upside Down||Emma Long||TV movie; Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress – Miniseries or a Movie|
|1982||Murder Is Easy||Lavinia Fullerton||TV movie|
|1983||A Caribbean Mystery||Miss Jane Marple||TV movie|
|1985||Murder with Mirrors||Miss Jane Marple||TV movie|
References[change | change source]
- Nicole Lyn Pesce; Joe Dziemianowicz and Margaret Eby (3). "Oscars 2014: Bobby Lopez becomes youngest person to get an EGOT with Best Original Song win for 'Let It Go'". New York Daily News. http://www.nydailynews.com/entertainment/oscars/oscars-2014-bobby-lopez-youngest-person-egot-article-1.1709007. Retrieved 6 March 2014.
- Helen Hayes - Awards http://www.helenhayes.com/about/awards2.html
- Rick Jean.Helen HAYES (1900-1993) -- The "First Lady of Theater." . Rootsweb.com. 1 Feb 2003.
- "Helen Hayes Biography". http://biography.yourdictionary.com/helen-hayes. Retrieved July 17, 2012.
- Columbia Encyclopedia: Helen Hayes.
- Helen Hayes at Find a Grave http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=1798