President of the United States
|President of the
United States of America
(diplomatic, outside the U.S.)
|Term length||Four years
|Inaugural holder||George Washington
April 30, 1789
|Formation||United States Constitution
March 4, 1789
|Website||The White House|
The President of the United States of America is the head of state, and head of government of the United States. The office of President was created in the United States Constitution in 1788. The first President (George Washington) took office in 1789. The President serves as chief executive and is in charge of the executive branch of the United States government. The United States Constitution makes the President the Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces. It also lists powers given to the President, though these powers have been expanded through practice over time.
Requirements[change | change source]
- be a natural-born citizen of the United States;[note 1]
- be at least thirty-five years old. Theodore Roosevelt, 42, was the youngest president. Ronald Reagan, 69, was the oldest.
- have been a permanent resident in the United States for at least fourteen years.
Election process and terms[change | change source]
The president is indirectly elected by the people through the Electoral College to a four-year term, and is one of only two nationally elected federal officers, the other being the Vice President of the United States. A president must receive more than 270 electoral college votes in order to win an election. Ronald Reagan received 525 votes which is the most electoral votes of any other president.
A president can only serve two terms as president, which is 8 years. Franklin D. Roosevelt served four terms as president. He died while beginning his four term. After his death, congress passed an amendment which limits the number of terms a president can have.
Inaugurations[change | change source]
A president officially becomes president after being inaugurated on January 20th. The president must be given the oath of office by the Chief Justice of the United States. It is traditionally held at the United States Capitol.
Powers of the president[change | change source]
These powers include :
- Enforcing laws passed by the United States Congress
- Creating a Cabinet of advisors
- Giving pardons or reprieves
- Make treaties
- Choose ambassadors to foreign countries
- Select Judges, and Justices of the Supreme Court
Succession[change | change source]
Abraham Lincoln, James A. Garfield, William McKinley, and John F. Kennedy were assassinated while in office. William Henry Harrison, Zachary Taylor, and Warren G. Harding died from illness while president. John Tyler was the first Vice President of the United States to become president.
Traveling[change | change source]
A president travels by either traveling on Air Force One, Marine One, or by the Presidential state car. At all times, the president is protected by Secret Service agents. Sometimes, the president may travel to Camp David for either relaxation or to do some work in peace.
List of Presidents of the United States[change | change source]
Living former presidents[change | change source]
|Image||Name||Term||Date of birth|
|Jimmy Carter||1977–1981||1 October 1924|
|George H. W. Bush||1989-1993||12 June 1924|
|Bill Clinton||1993-2001||19 August 1946|
|George W. Bush||2001-2009||6 July 1946|
Presidential rankings[change | change source]
By a majority of historical sources by historians or by the American people; George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln, Woodrow Wilson, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Harry S. Truman, Dwight D. Eisenhower, John F. Kennedy, Ronald Reagan, George H. W. Bush, and Bill Clinton are ranked high on polls.
Presidential libraries[change | change source]
Since Herbert Hoover, each president has created a institutional place known as a presidential library for preserving and making available his papers, records and other documents and materials. There are currently thirteen presidential libraries in the NARA system.
Sources[change | change source]
- "How To Address The President; He Is Not Your Excellency Or Your Honor, But Mr. President". The New York Times. August 2, 1891. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=9D06E3D9143AE533A25751C0A96E9C94609ED7CF.
- "USGS Correspondence Handbook - Chapter 4". United States Geological Survey Usgs.gov. 2007-07-18. http://www.usgs.gov/usgs-manual/handbook/hb/431-2-h/chap4.html. Retrieved 2012-11-15.
- "Models of Address and Salutation". Ita.doc.gov. http://www.ita.doc.gov/ita_sec/Address%20and%20Salutation.htm. Retrieved September 4, 2010.
- HEADS OF STATE, HEADS OF GOVERNMENT, MINISTERS FOR FOREIGN AFFAIRS, Protocol and Liaison Service, United Nations. Retrieved on November 1, 2012.
- The White House Office of the Press Secretary (September 1, 2010). "Remarks by President Obama, President Mubarak, His Majesty King Abdullah, Prime Minister Netanyahu and President Abbas Before Working Dinner". WhiteHouse.gov. http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2010/09/01/remarks-president-obama-president-mubarak-his-majesty-king-abdullah-prim. Retrieved July 19, 2011.
- "Exchange of Letters". Permanent Observer Mission of Palestine to the United Nations. September 1978. http://www.un.int/wcm/content/site/palestine/cache/offonce/pid/12020. Retrieved July 19, 2011.
- Our Government • The Executive Branch, The White House.
Notes[change | change source]
- Foreign-born American citizens who met the age and residency requirements at the time the Constitution was adopted were also eligible for the presidency. However, this allowance has since become obsolete.
Other websites[change | change source]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: President of the United States|
- "Executive Office of the President". http://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/eop/. Retrieved January 21, 2009.
- "White House". http://www.whitehouse.gov/president/. Retrieved October 7, 2005.