Donald Trump

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Donald Trump
Donald Trump Phoenix 2016.jpg
Trump at a campaign event in Phoenix, Arizona, June 2016
Born Donald John Trump
June 14, 1946 (1946-06-14) (age 70)
Queens, New York City, U.S.
Alma mater Fordham University
University of Pennsylvania
Occupation Chairman and president of The Trump Organization
Writer
Actor
Former host of The Apprentice
Years active 1968–present
Salary $1 billion
Net worth Increase $3.5 billion
Political party Republican (Before 1999; 2009–2011; 2012-present)
Reform Party (1999–2001)[1]
[2]
Independent (2011–2012)[3]
Spouse(s) Ivana Zelníčková
(m. 1977–1992, divorced)
Marla Maples
(m. 1993–1999, divorced)
Melania Knauss
(m. 2005–present)
Children Donald, Ivanka, Eric, Tiffany, Barron
Parent(s) Fred, Mary
Website Official website
Signature
Donald Trump Signature.svg

Donald John Trump, Jr. (born June 14, 1946) is an American businessman and and the presumptive nominee of the Republican Party for President of the United States in the 2016 election. He is the chairman and president of The Trump Organization. Much of his money was made in real estate in New York City, Las Vegas, and Atlantic City. He owns the Miss Universe pageant. He was the star in his own reality show The Apprentice.

In June 2015, Trump announced that he would run for President of the United States in the 2016 presidential elections. Starting mid-July, polls showed that Trump was the front-runner in the Republican field. This was true even after much criticism from the party due to his comments on illegal immigration, Muslims, and ISIS. His campaign has gained support from mostly middle class families. It has gained opposition from Democrats, Republicans, business people, world leaders and the Pope.

On May 4, 2016, Trump became the presumptive nominee after his only remaining challengers Texas United States senator Ted Cruz and Governor of Ohio John Kasich dropped out.[4][5]

Early life

Trump was born Donald John Trump in Queens, New York City. He is the son of Fred Trump and his wife, Mary Anne (nee MacLeod), who married in 1936. His mother was born on the Isle of Lewis, off the west coast of Scotland.[6] Donald was one of five children. Donald's oldest brother, Fred Jr., died in 1981 at the age of 43.[7] Trump's father's parents were German immigrants.[8]

His grandfather, Frederick Trump, immigrated to the United States in 1885. He became a naturalized American citizen in 1892. Frederick married Elisabeth Christ (October 10, 1880 – June 6, 1966)[9] at Kallstadt, Kingdom of Bavaria, Germany, on August 26, 1902. They had three children. He studied at Fordham University until transferring to the University of Pennsylvania.

Career

Trump shaking hands with President Ronald Reagan at the White House, 1987

Trump began his career at his father's real estate company,[10] Elizabeth Trump and Son.[11] the company focused on middle-class rental housing in Brooklyn, Queens, and Staten Island. One of Trump's first projects, while he was still in college, was the revitalization of the foreclosed Swifton Village apartment complex in Cincinnati, Ohio. His father had purchased it for $5.7 million in 1962. Trump became closely involved in the project. With a $500,000 investment, he turned the 1200-unit complex with a 66 percent vacancy rate to 100 percent occupancy within two years. In 1972, the Trump Organization sold Swifton Village for $6.75 million.[12]

Trump has developed many real estate projects. They include Trump International Hotel and Tower in Honolulu, Trump International Hotel and Tower in Chicago, Trump International Hotel and Tower in Toronto, and Trump Tower in Tampa. In Fort Lauderdale, Florida, one Trump construction project was put on hold in favor of another (Trump International Hotel and Tower in Fort Lauderdale). Meanwhile, Trump Towers in Atlanta is being developed in a housing market having the nation's second-highest inventory of unsold homes.[13]

In its October 7, 2007 Forbes 400 issue, "Acreage Aces", Forbes valued Trump's wealth at $3.0 billion.[14] Since 2011, his net worth has been estimated from $2.9 billion to $7 billion.[15]

Personal life

Trump married Ivana Zelníčková in 1977. They divorced in 1992. He was married to Marla Maples from 1993 until they divorced in 1999. He married Melania Knauss in 2005. Trump has 5 children.

2016 presidential campaign

Trump campaigning in Fountain Hills, Arizona, March 2016

Trump made a formal announcement of his candidacy for president of the United States for the 2016 elections on June 16, 2015. He made the announcement at 11am EST from his headquarters in Trump Tower in New York City.[16][17] Trump launched his campaign saying, "We are going to make our Country Great Again" with a commitment to become the "greatest jobs president."[17] Trump's official campaign slogan is "Make America Great Again." That was Ronald Reagan's campaign slogan, but Trump trademarked it.[18]

On May 4, 2016, Trump became the presumptive nominee after his only challengers, Texas United States senator Ted Cruz and Governor of Ohio John Kasich, dropped out.

Border security and illegal immigration remarks

During his announcement speech he stated in part, "When Mexico sends its people, they're not sending their best. They're not sending you.... They're sending people that have lots of problems, and they're bringing those problems.... They're bringing drugs. They're bringing crime. They're rapists. And some, I assume, are good people." On July 6, 2015, Trump issued a written statement to clarify his position on illegal immigration which drew a reaction from critics.[19]

Ideas

Trump has described his political leanings and positions in many ways over time.[20][21][22] Politico has called his positions as "eclectic, improvisational and often contradictory".[22] He has listed several different party affiliations over the years,[22][23] and has also run as a Reform Party candidate.[23] The positions that he has revised or reversed include stances on progressive taxation, abortion, and government involvement in health care.[22]

He has supported Christian groups in the U.S., claiming that he will reverse unfavorable tax treatments preventing them from expressing themselves in the political arena and promising to revive a more widespread use of the phrase "Merry Christmas" instead of "Happy Holidays" in department stores. Other issues he highlights include taking care of military veterans, making the military "strong", aggressive bombing of the Mideast terrorist group ISIS, surveillance of certain mosques in the U.S., and making trade agreements more favorable to American workers.[24][25][26]

During the primaries, Trump (dark blue), has won 40 contests

Primaries

Trump entered a large field of candidates consisting of 16 other Republican candidates campaigning for the nomination, the largest presidential field in American history.[27] By early 2016, the race had mostly centered on Donald Trump and U.S. Senator Ted Cruz.[28] On Super Tuesday, Trump won the majority of the delegates and remained the front-runner throughout the primaries.

Finishing in June 2016 with nearly 14 million votes, Trump broke the all-time record for winning the most primary votes in the history of the Republican Party.[32]

References

  1. "Jesse The Body Ventura bodyslams national Reform Party". CNN. March 13, 2000. http://articles.cnn.com/1999-10-25/politics/trump.cnn_1_reform-party-donald-trump-independence-party?_s=PM:ALLPOLITICS.
  2. Griffith, Carson; Fischer, Molly (February 15, 2011). "President Trump? The Donald swapped party affiliations for potential presidential bid in 2009: doc". Daily News. http://www.nydailynews.com/gossip/2011/02/15/2011-02-15_president_trump_the_donald_swapped_party_affiliations_for_potential_presidential.html.
  3. "Donald Trump switches party affiliation to independent". CBS News. http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-503544_162-57347940-503544/donald-trump-switches-party-affiliation-to-independent/.
  4. Stephen Collinson, CNN (3 May 2016). "Primary results: Donald Trump becomes presumptive nominee - CNNPolitics.com". CNN. http://www.cnn.com/2016/05/03/politics/indiana-primary-highlights/. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
  5. "John Kasich drops out of presidential race". CNN.com. May 4, 2016. http://www.cnn.com/2016/05/04/politics/john-kasich-drops-out/. Retrieved May 4, 2016.
  6. Scottish Genealogy, Scottish Ancestry – Donald Trump Scottishroots.com. Retrieved January 9, 2014
  7. "Flashy Symbol of an Acquisitive Age: DONALD TRUMP". Time. January 16, 1989. http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,956733-4,00.html.
  8. "Ancestry of Donald Trump - Trump Family Tree". Genealogy.about.com. http://genealogy.about.com/od/famous_family_trees/p/trump.htm. Retrieved 2014-01-09.
  9. "Ancestry of Donald Trump". WARGS. http://www.wargs.com/other/trump.html. Retrieved January 9, 2014.
  10. "In Step With: Donald Trump". Parade. November 14, 2004. http://www.parade.com/articles/editions/2004/edition_11-14-2004/in_step_with_0.
  11. Trump: the art of the deal, Paperback, ISBN 978-0-446-35325-0, page 46 "He called his company Elizabeth Trump & Son ..."
  12. Korte, Gregory. "Complex was troubled from beginning". Cincinnati Enquirer. http://www.enquirer.com/editions/2002/09/01/loc_complex_was_troubled.html. Retrieved March 6, 2011.
  13. Frangos, Alex (November 16, 2007). "Stalled Condo Projects Tarnish Trump's Name". The Wall Street Journal. http://online.wsj.com/public/article/SB119517867398895020.html. Retrieved May 22, 2008.
  14. Forbes topic page on Donald Trump Forbes.com. Retrieved April 2010.
  15. Trump, Donald J. (December 5, 2011). Time to Get Tough: Making America #1 Again. Regnery Publishing. ISBN 978-1-59698-773-9.
  16. Reid J. Epstein (June 16, 2015).Donald Trump Enters 2016 Presidential Race. Wall Street Journal.
  17. 17.0 17.1 John Santucci and Veronica Stracqualursi (June 16, 2015). Donald Trump Announces 2016 Presidential Campaign: 'We Are Going Make our Country Great Again'. ABC News.
  18. Martosko, David (May 12, 2015).EXCLUSIVE: Trump trademarked slogan 'Make America Great Again' just DAYS after the 2012 election and says Ted Cruz has agreed not to use it again after Scott Walker booms it TWICE in speech. Daily Mail.
  19. Business Insider - July 6, 2015 (Provides full text of Trump's July 6, 2015, written statement.) Retrieved 2015-07-08
  20. David A. Fahrenthold (August 17, 2015). "20 times Donald Trump has changed his mind since June". Washington Post. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/post-politics/wp/2015/08/17/20-times-donald-trump-has-changed-his-mind-since-june/.
  21. "'Meet the Press' tracks Trump's flip-flops". TheHill. http://thehill.com/blogs/ballot-box/presidential-races/247643-meet-the-press-tracks-trumps-flip-flops.
  22. 22.0 22.1 22.2 22.3 Timothy Noah (July 26, 2015). "Will the real Donald Trump please stand up?". http://www.politico.com/story/2015/07/will-the-real-donald-trump-please-stand-up-120607.
  23. 23.0 23.1 "Why Donald Trump Didn't Run as a Democrat". http://www.realclearpolitics.com/articles/2015/07/21/why_donald_trump_didnt_run_as_a_democrat_127475.html.
  24. Hillyard, Vaughn. "Trump's plan for a Muslim database draws comparison to Nazi Germany". MSNBC. http://www.msnbc.com/msnbc/trump-would-certainly-implement-muslim-database. Retrieved November 23, 2015.
  25. "Trump On Trade: "We Don't Have Our Best And Brightest Negotiating For Us... We're Getting Ripped Off Big League"". http://www.realclearpolitics.com/video/2015/06/18/trump_on_trade_we_dont_have_our_best_and_brightest_negotiating_for_us_were_getting_ripped_off_major_league.html.
  26. "Trump's security speech light on military, veterans". MilitaryTimes. September 15, 2015. http://www.militarytimes.com/story/military/2015/09/15/trump-speaks-battleship/72311834/.
  27. Linshi, Jack (July 7, 2015). "More People Are Running for Presidential Nomination Than Ever". http://time.com/3948922/jim-gilmore-virginia-2016/.
  28. "Donald Trump, Ted Cruz Angling For One-On-One Republican Race". Fortune Magazine. March 6, 2016. http://fortune.com/2016/03/06/cruz-trump-republican-race/.
  29. Nussbaum, Matthew (May 3, 2016). "RNC Chairman: Trump is our nominee". Politico. http://www.politico.com/blogs/2016-gop-primary-live-updates-and-results/2016/05/reince-priebus-donald-trump-is-nominee-222767. Retrieved May 4, 2016.
  30. Reince Priebus [Reince] (May 3, 2016). ".@realDonaldTrump will be presumptive @GOP nominee, we all need to unite and focus on defeating @HillaryClinton #NeverClinton" (Tweet). https://twitter.com/Reince/status/727665447684820992.
  31. Bump, Philip. "Trump got the most GOP votes ever — both for and against him — and other fun facts". Washingtonpost.com. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/the-fix/wp/2016/06/08/donald-trump-got-the-most-votes-in-gop-primary-history-a-historic-number-of-people-voted-against-him-too/. Retrieved 2016-07-12.
  32. [29][30][31]

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