Surgeon General of the United States

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Surgeon General of the
United States
Flag of the United States Surgeon General.svg
Flag of the United States Surgeon General
United States Public Health Service (seal).svg
Seal of the United States Public Health Service, 1798
Jerome Adams official photo.jpg
Incumbent
Jerome Adams

since September 5, 2017
Public Health Service
Public Health Service, Commissioned Corps
Reports to United States Assistant Secretary for Health
Seat Hubert H. Humphrey Building, United States Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), Washington, D.C.
Appointer The President
Term length 4 years
Formation March 29, 1871
First holder John M. Woodworth (as Supervising Surgeon)
Website www.SurgeonGeneral.gov

The Surgeon General of the United States is in charge of the Public Health Service Commissioned Corps (PHSCC). They are the main spokesperson about things dealing with public health in the federal government. The Surgeon General's office and staff are known as the Office of the Surgeon General (OSG).

Selection and current office-holder[change | change source]

The Surgeon General is chosen by the U.S. President and confirmed by the Senate. The Surgeon General serves for a four-year period of time. The Surgeon General is either the highest ranking or second highest ranking uniformed officer of the PHSCC. This depends on if the current Assistant Secretary for Health is a PHSCC commissioned officer or not. The position has the grade of a three-star vice admiral .[1]

The current holder of the office is anesthesiologist Jerome Adams since September 2017.[2]

Surgeons General of the United States[change | change source]

Name
(birth–death)
Photo Term of office Appointed by
(term)
Start of term End of term
1 John M. Woodworth
(1837–1879)
John Maynard Woodworth by Hermann Günther, 1865.jpg March 29, 1871 March 14, 1879 Ulysses S. Grant
UlyssesGrant.png
(1869–1877)
2 RADM John B. Hamilton
(1847–1898)
John B Hamilton.jpg April 3, 1879 June 1, 1891 Rutherford B. Hayes
President Rutherford Hayes 1870 - 1880.jpg
(1877–1881)
3 RADM Walter Wyman
(1848–1911)
Walter Wyman, photograph by Stalee.jpg June 1, 1891 November 21, 1911 Benjamin Harrison
Benjamin Harrison, head and shoulders bw photo, 1896.jpg
(1889–1893)
4 RADM Rupert Blue
(1868–1948)
Rupert Blue.jpg January 13, 1912 March 3, 1920 William Howard Taft
William Howard Taft.jpg
(1907–1913)
5 RADM Hugh S. Cumming
(1869–1948)
Hugh S Cumming.gif March 3, 1920 January 31, 1936 Woodrow Wilson
President Woodrow Wilson portrait December 2 1912.jpg
(1913–1921)
6 RADM Thomas Parran, Jr.
(1892–1968)
Thomas Parran, Jr., photo portrait as surgeon general.jpg April 6, 1936 April 6, 1948 Franklin D. Roosevelt
FDR in 1933.jpg
(1933–1945)
7 RADM Leonard A. Scheele
(1907–1993)
Leonard Scheele, photo portrait as surgeon general.jpg April 6, 1948 August 8, 1956 Harry S. Truman
Harry S. Truman.jpg
(1945–1953)
8 RADM Leroy Edgar Burney
(1906–1998)
Leroy Edgar Burney, photo portrait as surgeon general.jpg August 8, 1956 January 29, 1961 Dwight D. Eisenhower
Dwight D. Eisenhower, official photo portrait, May 29, 1959.jpg
(1953–1961)
9 RADM Luther Terry
(1911–1985)
Luther Terry photo portrait as surgeon general.jpg March 2, 1961 October 1, 1965 John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy, White House photo portrait, looking up.jpg
(1961–1963)
10 VADM William H. Stewart
(1921–2008)
William H. Stewart, photo portrait as surgeon general.jpg October 1, 1965 August 1, 1969 Lyndon B. Johnson
37 Lyndon Johnson 3x4.jpg
(1963–1969)
N/A RADM Richard A. Prindle
(c. 1926–2001)
Acting Surgeon General
August 1, 1969 December 18, 1969[3][4] Richard Nixon
Richard M. Nixon, ca. 1935 - 1982 - NARA - 530679.jpg
(1969–1974)
11 RADM Jesse Leonard Steinfeld
(1927–2014)
Jesse Leonard Steinfeld, photo portrait as surgeon general.jpg December 18, 1969[5] January 30, 1973[6]
N/A RADM S. Paul Ehrlich, Jr.
(1932–2005)
Acting Surgeon General
January 31, 1973[7] July 13, 1977
12 VADM Julius B. Richmond
(1916–2008)
Julius Richmond, Surgeon General official photo.jpg July 13, 1977 January 20, 1981[8] Jimmy Carter
Carter cropped.jpg
(1977–1981)
N/A Edward Brandt, Jr.
(1933–2007)
Acting Surgeon General
May 14, 1981 January 21, 1982 Ronald Reagan
Official Portrait of President Reagan 1981-cropped.jpg
(1981–1989)
13 VADM C. Everett Koop
(1916–2013)
C. Everett Koop, 1980s.jpg January 21, 1982 October 1, 1989
N/A ADM James O. Mason
(1930–)
Acting Surgeon General
James O. Mason.jpg October 1, 1989 March 9, 1990 George H. W. Bush
43 George H.W. Bush 3x4.jpg
(1989–1993)
14 VADM Antonia C. Novello
(1944–)
VADM Antonia Novello.jpg March 9, 1990 June 30, 1993
N/A RADM Robert A. Whitney
(1935–)
Acting Surgeon General
RADM Robert A Whitney Jr.jpg July 1, 1993 September 8, 1993 Bill Clinton
44 Bill Clinton 3x4.jpg
(1993–2001)
15 VADM Joycelyn Elders
(1933–)
Joycelyn Elders official photo portrait.jpg September 8, 1993 December 31, 1994
N/A RADM Audrey F. Manley
(1934–)
Acting Surgeon General
Audrey Manley, DHHS official bw photo.jpg January 1, 1995 July 1, 1997
16 ADM[9] / VADM David Satcher
(1941–)
David Satcher official photo portrait.jpg February 13, 1998 February 12, 2002
N/A RADM Kenneth P. Moritsugu
(1945–)
Acting Surgeon General
Kenneth P. Mortitsugu.jpg February 13, 2002 August 4, 2002 George W. Bush
GeorgeWBush.jpg
(2001–2009)
17 VADM Richard Carmona
(1949–)
Richard carmona.jpg August 5, 2002 July 31, 2006
N/A RADM Kenneth P. Moritsugu
(1945–)
Acting Surgeon General
Kenneth P. Mortitsugu.jpg August 1, 2006 September 30, 2007
RADM Steven K. Galson
(1956–)
Acting Surgeon General
Steven K Galson.jpg October 1, 2007 October 1, 2009
RADM Donald L. Weaver
Acting Surgeon General
Donald L. Weaver official portrait.jpg October 1, 2009 November 3, 2009 Barack Obama
Obama portrait crop.jpg
(2009–2017)
18 VADM Regina Benjamin[10]
(1956–)
Regina Benjamin official portrait.jpg November 3, 2009[11] July 16, 2013
N/A RADM Boris D. Lushniak
Acting Surgeon General
RADM Boris Lushniak acting Surgeon General.jpg July 17, 2013 December 18, 2014
19 VADM Vivek Murthy
(1977–)
Vice Admiral Vivek H. Murthy, USPHS.jpg December 18, 2014 April 21, 2017
N/A RADM Sylvia Trent-Adams
Acting Surgeon General
Sylvia Trent-Adams Official Portrait.jpg April 21, 2017 September 5, 2017 Donald Trump
Donald Trump Pentagon 2017.jpg
(2017-)
20 Jerome Adams
(?)
Jerome Adams official photo.jpg September 5, 2017 Present

References[change | change source]

  1. Public Health, Commissioned Corps Uniforms and Ranks.
  2. Surgeon General's Website
  3. "House Panel Bids U.S. Study Marijuana's Use and Effects". New York Times. Associated Press: p. 62. September 7, 1969. https://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1969/09/07/89369343.html?pageNumber=62. Retrieved 22 April 2017.
  4. Zielinski, Graeme (September 15, 2001). "Public Health Researcher Richard Prindle Dies". Washington Post. https://www.washingtonpost.com/archive/local/2001/09/15/public-health-researcher-richard-prindle-dies/cdb8089c-d960-49c6-af77-23de6552e4cf/?utm_term=.f0e6ffb50702. Retrieved 22 April 2017.
  5. "Washington: For the Record – December 18, 1969". New York Times: p. 7. December 19, 1969. https://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1969/12/19/88872725.html?pageNumber=7. Retrieved 22 April 2017.
  6. "Jesse Leonard Steinfeld (1969-1973)". SurgeonGeneral.gov. 2007-01-04. http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/about/previous/biosteinfeld.html. Retrieved 2014-04-29.
  7. http://gao.gov/products/094195
  8. "HHS Secretaries - National Institutes of Health (NIH)". Nih.gov. Archived from the original on 2008-09-24. https://web.archive.org/web/20080924145912/http://www.nih.gov/about/almanac/archive/2003/historical/dhhs.htm. Retrieved 2014-04-29.
  9. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named satcher.
  10. "Obama picks Regina Benjamin as surgeon general". Reuters. July 13, 2009. https://www.reuters.com/article/healthNews/idUSTRE56C3HI20090713.
  11. Stobbe, Mike (December 3, 2009). "Surgeon general: More minority doctors needed". WTOP. http://www.wtop.com/?nid=106&sid=1829595. Retrieved December 5, 2009.