Surgeon General of the United States

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
The Surgeon General of the
United States
Flag of the United States Surgeon General.svg
Flag of the United States Surgeon General
United States Public Health Service (seal).svg
Seal of the United States Public Health Service, 1798
Vice Admiral Vivek H. Murthy, USPHS.jpg
VADM Vivek H. Murthy

since December 18, 2014
Public Health Service
Public Health Service, Commissioned Corps
Reports to United States Assistant Secretary for Health

Hubert H. Humphrey Building, United States Department of Health and Human Services,

(HHS), Washington, D.C.
Appointer The President
Term length No fixed term
Formation March 29, 1871
Deputy Deputy Surgeon General of the United States

The Surgeon General of the United States is in charge of the Public Health Service Commissioned Corps (PHSCC). They are the main spokesperson about things dealing with public health in the federal government. The Surgeon General's office and staff are known as the Office of the Surgeon General (OSG).

Selection and current office-holder[change | change source]

The Surgeon General is chosen by the U.S. President and confirmed by the Senate. The Surgeon General serves for a four-year period of time. The Surgeon General is either the highest ranking or second highest ranking uniformed officer of the PHSCC. This depends on if the current Assistant Secretary for Health is a PHSCC commissioned officer or not. The position has the grade of a three-star vice admiral .[1] The current Surgeon General is Vice Admiral Vivek Murthy, who was confirmed on 15 December 2014.[2]

Surgeons General of the United States[change | change source]

# Name Photo Term of Office Appointed by
Start Of Term End Of Term
1 John M. Woodworth John Maynard Woodworth by Hermann Günther, 1865.jpg March 29, 1871 March 14, 1879 Ulysses S. Grant
2 RADM John B. Hamilton John B Hamilton.jpg April 3, 1879 June 1, 1891 Rutherford B. Hayes
3 RADM Walter Wyman Walter Wyman (1848 – 1911) .gif June 1, 1891 November 21, 1911 Benjamin Harrison
4 RADM Rupert Blue Rupert Blue.jpg January 13, 1912 March 3, 1920 William Taft
5 RADM Hugh S. Cumming Hugh S Cumming.gif March 3, 1920 January 31, 1936 Woodrow Wilson
6 RADM Thomas Parran, Jr. Thomas Parran, Jr., photo portrait as surgeon general.jpg April 6, 1936 April 6, 1948 Franklin D. Roosevelt
7 RADM Leonard A. Scheele Leonard Scheele, photo portrait as surgeon general.jpg April 6, 1948 August 8, 1956 Harry S Truman
8 RADM Leroy Edgar Burney Leroy Edgar Burney, photo portrait as surgeon general.jpg August 8, 1956 January 29, 1961 Dwight Eisenhower
9 RADM Luther Terry Luther Terry photo portrait as surgeon general.jpg March 2, 1961 October 1, 1965 John F. Kennedy
10 VADM William H. Stewart William H. Stewart, photo portrait as surgeon general.jpg October 1, 1965 August 1, 1969 Lyndon Johnson
11 RADM Jesse Leonard Steinfeld Jesse Leonard Steinfeld, photo portrait as surgeon general.jpg December 18, 1969 January 30, 1973 [3] Richard Nixon
(acting) RADM S. Paul Ehrlich, Jr. January 31, 1973 [4] July 13, 1977
12 VADM Julius B. Richmond Julius Richmond, Surgeon General official photo.jpg July 13, 1977 January 20, 1981 [5] Jimmy Carter
(acting) Edward Brandt, Jr. May 14, 1981 January 21, 1982 Ronald Reagan
13 VADM C. Everett Koop C. Everett Koop, 1980s.jpg January 21, 1982 October 1, 1989
(acting) ADM James O. Mason James O. Mason.jpg October 1, 1989 March 9, 1990 George H. W. Bush
14 VADM Antonia C. Novello VADM Antonia Novello.jpg March 9, 1990 June 30, 1993
(acting) RADM Robert A. Whitney RADM Robert A Whitney Jr.jpg July 1, 1993 September 8, 1993 Bill Clinton
15 VADM Joycelyn Elders Joycelyn Elders official photo portrait.jpg September 8, 1993 December 31, 1994
(acting) RADM Audrey F. Manley Audrey Manley, DHHS official bw photo.jpg January 1, 1995 July 1, 1997
16 ADM / VADM David Satcher David Satcher official photo portrait.jpg February 13, 1998 February 12, 2002
(acting) RADM Kenneth P. Moritsugu Kenneth P. Mortitsugu.jpg February 13, 2002 August 4, 2002 George W. Bush
17 VADM Richard Carmona Richard carmona.jpg August 5, 2002 July 31, 2006
(acting) RADM Kenneth P. Moritsugu Kenneth P. Mortitsugu.jpg August 1, 2006 September 30, 2007
RADM Steven K. Galson Steven K Galson.jpg October 1, 2007 October 1, 2009
RADM Donald L. Weaver Donald L. Weaver official portrait.jpg October 1, 2009 November 3, 2009 Barack Obama
18 VADM Regina Benjamin[6] Regina Benjamin official portrait.jpg November 3, 2009[7] July 16, 2013
(acting) RADM Boris D. Lushniak RADM Boris Lushniak acting Surgeon General.jpg July 17, 2013 December 18, 2014
19 VADM Vivek H. Murthy Vice Admiral Vivek H. Murthy, USPHS.jpg December 18, 2014 Ongoing

References[change | change source]