George H. W. Bush
George H. W. Bush
|41st President of the United States|
January 20, 1989 – January 20, 1993
|Vice President||Dan Quayle|
|Preceded by||Ronald Reagan|
|Succeeded by||Bill Clinton|
|40th Vice President of the United States|
January 20, 1981 – January 20, 1989
|Preceded by||Walter Mondale|
|Succeeded by||Dan Quayle|
|Director of Central Intelligence|
January 30, 1976 – January 20, 1977
|Preceded by||William Colby|
|Succeeded by||Stansfield Turner|
|Chief of the Liaison Office to the People's Republic of China|
September 26, 1974 – December 7, 1975
|Preceded by||David Bruce|
|Succeeded by||Thomas Gates|
|Chairperson of the Republican National Committee|
January 19, 1973 – September 16, 1974
|Preceded by||Bob Dole|
|Succeeded by||Mary Smith|
|United States Ambassador to the United Nations|
March 1, 1971 – January 18, 1973
|Preceded by||Charles Yost|
|Succeeded by||John Scali|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Texas's 7th district
January 3, 1967 – January 3, 1971
|Preceded by||John Dowdy|
|Succeeded by||William Reynolds Archer Jr.|
George Herbert Walker Bush
June 12, 1924
Milton, Massachusetts, U.S.
|Died||November 30, 2018 (aged 94)|
Houston, Texas, U.S.
|Resting place||George Bush Presidential Library, College Station, Texas, U.S.|
(m. 1945; her death 2018)
|Alma mater||Yale University|
|Awards||Distinguished Flying Cross|
Air Medal (3)
Presidential Unit Citation
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Branch/service||United States Navy|
|Years of service||1942–1945|
|Rank||Lieutenant (junior grade)|
|Unit||Fast Carrier Task Force|
|Battles/wars||World War II|
George Herbert Walker Bush (June 12, 1924 – November 30, 2018) was an American politician and businessman who served as the 41st president of the United States from 1989 to 1993. Before he became president, he was the 43rd vice president from 1981 to 1989 (under the Ronald Reagan administration), an ambassador to the United Nations, a congressman, and Director of Central Intelligence. He was married to Barbara Bush from 1945 until her death in 2018. His children include the 43rd president of the United States George W. Bush, former governor of Florida Jeb Bush, and Dorothy Bush Koch. He was a Republican.
Bush was born in Milton, Massachusetts, and raised in Greenwich, Connecticut. He attended Phillips Academy before serving in the United States Navy Reserve during World War II. After the war, he graduated from Yale and moved to Texas, starting a successful oil company.
He entered politics in the 1960s, first running for the US Senate in 1964, but lost the election. In 1966, he ran for the House of Representatives and won. Five years later, in 1971, President Richard Nixon appointed Bush to become the Ambassador of the United Nations, then chairman of the Republican National Committee in 1973. In 1974, President Gerald Ford appointed him as Chief of the Liaison Office to the People's Republic of China, then in 1976 Bush became the Director of Central Intelligence. In 1980, Bush ran for president, but lost the nomination to Ronald Reagan. However, Reagan chose Bush to be his vice presidential running mate.
Eight years later, in 1988, Bush ran for president again, defeating Democrat Michael Dukakis. During his presidency, Bush led the United States through the end of the Cold War. He presided over the invasion of Panama and the Gulf War. He also signed the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, which did not allow discrimination to disabled people. Bush signed the North American Free Trade Agreement (also called NAFTA), which went into effect in 1994. He appointed David Souter and Clarence Thomas to the Supreme Court. Although he promised not to raise taxes, he did so in order to help make the budget deficit smaller (when the government spends more money than it makes.) He ran for reelection in 1992, but lost to Democrat Bill Clinton.
After his presidency ended in 1993, Bush did activities that helped other people. He did this alongside Bill Clinton, his former rival. In 2000, his son, George W. Bush, was elected president of the United States. Another son, Jeb Bush, was elected governor of Florida in 1998. Jeb tried to run for president in 2016, but did not win the nomination.
On November 25, 2017, Bush became, at the time, the longest-lived U.S. president. He passed the 93 years and 165 days lifespan of Gerald Ford, who died on December 26, 2006. On November 30, 2018, Bush died at his home in Houston, Texas at the age of 94. Bush is ranked as an above-average president by historians.
Early life[change | change source]
Bush was born on June 12, 1924 in 173 Adam Street, Milton, Massachusetts. His father was politician Prescott Bush. He studied at Yale University. In June 1943, Bush became the youngest pilot in the United States Navy at the time.
Bush served in the United States Navy from 1942 until 1945. During WWII, his plane was shot down. He won the Air Medal, Presidential Unit Citation, and the Distinguished Flying Cross. He married Barbara Pierce in 1945. They had six children.
Early career[change | change source]
Bush worked for Zapata Oil in Texas and was a politician in Texas, running for the Senate in 1964, but losing to Ralph Yarborough and later again in 1970, though losing again to Lloyd Bentsen.
He was later a House Representative. He was also Republican Party Chairman and tried the vice presidency, with the support of such Congressional conservatives as Senator Barry Goldwater after Nixon resigned and Ford took office, but lost to liberal Republican Nelson Rockefeller in 1974. In 1980, Bush also ran against Ronald Reagan for the Republican Party's candidacy for president but lost. He was then named Republican vice presidential candidate by Reagan after Reagan defeated him. Reagan and Bush were elected president and Vice President that year.
During World War II, Bush was a crewman on a TBM Avenger. He had survived many crashes and sunk a Japanese ship. He later became a diplomat and head of the CIA.
Presidency, 1989–93[change | change source]
After being Ronald Reagan's vice president, Bush was elected president in 1988 by defeating Michael Dukakis.
Bush was sworn in as president on January 20, 1989, succeeding Reagan.
While he was president, the Cold War ended and the Soviet Union fell apart. He was known for his failed promise speech "Read my lips: no new taxes".
In 1990, Bush's off-hand comments about broccoli caused a minor political controversy. In 1992, he visited Kiichi Miyazawa when he vomited on his lap and soon fainted during a dinner feast. Hours later, Bush made a comment that he was suffering from the flu.
When Saddam Hussein invaded Kuwait in order to steal their supplies of oil, Bush led the United States and many other countries to protect Kuwait. The conflict was called the Gulf War. He also invaded Panama to remove Manuel Noreiga, who was guilty of drug trafficking.
At his home, Bush also signed in important laws, such as the Americans With Disabilities Act. However, the country suffered from a recession. This was embarrassing, and many people believe this was the reason he lost the presidential election of 1992 to Bill Clinton.
Bush left office on January 20, 1993 when Bill Clinton became president. Bush and his wife, Barbara, moved to Houston, Texas.
Personal life[change | change source]
Bush resided on a ranch in Houston, Texas with his family. After his presidency, he supported John McCain and his son George W. Bush. He supported Mitt Romney and Rick Perry for president. He attended the opening of the USS George H.W. Bush, a naval ship named after him. He traveled with his son to the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing, China.
On February 15, 2011, Bush was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the highest civilian honor in the United States, by President Barack Obama.
He was present at his son's presidential library opening ceremony on April 25, 2013. In July 2013, Bush had his head shaved in a show of support for the two-year-old son of a member of his security detail, who had leukemia. He is the most recent president that was a veteran during World War II.
Bush sent a letter to Donald Trump in January 2017 to inform him of his (Bush's) poor health that he would not be able to attend Trump's inauguration on January 20 and gave his best wishes.
He was the father of George W. Bush, Jeb Bush, and Dorothy Bush Koch. He had two other sons; his other daughter Robin died of leukemia in 1953; his father (also a politician) was Prescott Bush. On April 13, 2013, he became a great-grandfather when his granddaughter Jenna Bush Hager gave birth to a daughter.
Bush was an Episcopalian.
Health[change | change source]
Bush suffered from a form of Parkinson's disease which forced him to use a motorized scooter or wheelchair to get around, since at least 2012.
On November 23, 2012, Bush had a bronchitis-like cough that initially brought him to Methodist Hospital in Houston for treatment. He was supposed to be released before Christmas, but was kept in and over the holiday because he got worse with a high fever. On December 23, 2012, he started to be in the intensive-care unit. On December 29, 2012, his health improved and moved out of intensive care. He was discharged in the hospital on January 14, 2013. On December 23, 2014, Bush was once again hospitalized at the Methodist Hospital after suffering a "shortness of breath". He was released from the hospital on December 30, 2014.
On July 15, 2015, Bush fell at his home in Kennebunkport, Maine and broke a vertebra in his neck.
On January 18, 2017, he was admitted to the intensive care unit at Houston Methodist Hospital, where he was sedated for a procedure to treat an acute respiratory problem stemming from pneumonia.
On April 22, 2018, after the burial of Bush's wife Barbara, he was hospitalized for sepsis and was placed under intensive care.
Death[change | change source]
Bush died on November 30, 2018 at his home in Houston from Parkinson's-related complications, aged 94. A state funeral was held at the Washington National Cathedral.
Tributes and condolences were offered by former Presidents Jimmy Carter, Bill Clinton, George W. Bush, and Barack Obama, and then-current President Donald Trump. He lied in state in the United States Capitol and was buried next to his wife at the George Bush Presidential Library.
Other names[change | change source]
Since Bush had the same first and last names as his son, he was often called George H. W. Bush or George Bush Sr. (George Bush senior). Some people call him "41" or "Bush 41" because he was the 41st President.
Comments on broccoli[change | change source]
In 1990, President of the United States, George H. W. Bush, made a casual remark about broccoli (a vegetable), and said he would never eat it.
I do not like broccoli. And I haven't liked it since I was a little kid. And my mother made me eat it. And I'm President of the United States. And I'm not gonna eat any more broccoli!— George H. W. Bush
The President made this comment in 1990, shortly after a journalist from the U.S. News & World Report broke the story that Bush banned the vegetable from Air Force One. George S. Dunlop, President of the United Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Association, gave First Lady Barbara Bush a bouquet of the vegetable an additional 10 tons in trucks.
A few days afterwards, Bush hosted a state dinner to honor Tadeusz Mazowiecki, the Prime Minister of Poland, and journalists noted there was no broccoli on the menu, as most of the 10 tons of broccoli given to the President's family by the farmers had been donated to the Capital Area Food Bank.
References[change | change source]
- ↑ "George Bush's White House biography". Archived from the original on 2009-01-17. Retrieved 2008-02-17.
- ↑ "Presidential Avenue: George Bush". 2007-10-08. Archived from the original on 2007-10-08. Retrieved 2020-02-08.
- ↑ "Biography - Lieutenant Junior Grade George Bush, USNR". history.navy.mil. Archived from the original on March 28, 2008. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
- ↑ Parmet, Herbert George Bush: The Life of a Lone Star Yankee pages 168-171
- ↑ "Chapter 13 – Bush Attempts The Vice Presidency, 1974 « TARPLEY.net". tarpley.net.
- ↑ Turner, John Frayn Fight for the Air: Air Battles of World War II Airlife Publishing Ltd 2000 page 199
- ↑ Parmet, Herbert S. Geoge Bush: The Life of a Lone Star Yankee Transaction Publishers, New Brunswick, New Jersey 2001 pages 184-207
- ↑ Genovese, Michael A. Encyclopedia of the American Presidency Revised Edition Infobase Publishing 2010 New York page 61
- ↑ 9.0 9.1 9.2 Lauter, David (27 March 1990). "Broccoli Stalks Bush on White House Lawn : Veggies: First Lady accepts California gift, but most of it goes to charity. Flap gives pundits food for thought". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 8 October 2020.
- ↑ 10.0 10.1 Wines, Michael (January 9, 1992). "Bush Collapses at State Dinner With the Japanese". New York Times. Retrieved 2009-08-28.
President Bush fell suddenly ill and collapsed at a state dinner being given for him Wednesday night at the home of the Japanese Prime Minister.
- ↑ Popadiuk, Roman The Leadership of George Bush: An Insider's View of the Forty-First President Texas AM University Press 2009 page 190
- ↑ edited by William F. Levantrosser, Rosanna Perotti A Noble Calling: Character and the George HW Bush Presidency Hofstra University page 318
- ↑ 13.0 13.1 Garcia, Feliks (18 January 2017). "George HW Bush sends personal note to Donald Trump on why he can't attend inauguration". The Independent. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
- ↑ University, Berkley Center for Religion, Peace and World Affairs at Georgetown. "George H.W. Bush". berkleycenter.georgetown.edu. Archived from the original on 2018-06-27. Retrieved 2019-02-11.
- ↑ "Photo P012712PS-0676". 2012-01-27. The Whitehouse. Retrieved 2013-04-24.
- ↑ Peppers, Margot (2013-04-09). "A beaming George H W Bush poses for a photo". The Daily Mail. Retrieved 2013-04-24.
- ↑ "Spokesman: George H.W. Bush in intensive care". Yahoo News. Archived from the original on 29 December 2012. Retrieved 26 December 2012.
- ↑ "Former President Bush moved out of intensive care". USA Today. Retrieved 29 December 2012.
- ↑ "Ex-President George H.W. Bush Taken to Hospital". ABC News.com. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
- ↑ "George H.W. Bush is stable in Maine hospital after breaking a bone in his neck during fall at family compound". Daily Mail.co.uk. Retrieved July 16, 2015.
- ↑ "Former President George H. W. Bush in intensive care". CNN. April 23, 2018. Retrieved April 23, 2018.
- ↑ ""Former President George H.W. Bush Dies At 94"". NPR. 30 November 2018. Retrieved 1 December 2018.
- ↑ David, Javier E.; Breuninger, Kevin (1 December 2018). "Tributes pour in for former president George HW Bush as state funeral preparations begin". CNBC. NBCUniversal. Retrieved 2 December 2018.
- ↑ Ingber, Sasha (1 December 2018). "Presidents And Former Colleagues React To George H.W. Bush's Death". NPR. Retrieved 2 December 2018.
- ↑ Pergram, Chad (2018-12-01). "George H.W. Bush to lie in state in US Capitol; Trump to attend funeral". Fox News. Retrieved 2018-12-02.
- ↑ Original:(ABC News Archive)
- ↑ Dowd, Maureen (23 March 1990). "'I'm President,' So No More Broccoli! (Published 1990)". The New York Times.
- ↑ "Broccoli Presentation". C-SPAN.org. 26 March 1990. Retrieved 8 October 2020.
- ↑ Carman, Tim (5 December 2018). "As president, George H.W. Bush never wavered from his hard line on broccoli". Washington Post. Retrieved 8 October 2020.
Other websites[change | change source]
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- Bush Presidential Library and Museum
- White House biography
- Works by George Bush at Project Gutenberg Note: Contains only Bush's 1990 State of the Union address
- United States Congress. "George H. W. Bush (id: B001166)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- Appearances on Charlie Rose programs
- Appearances at the Internet Movie Database
- Collected news and commentary at The New York Times
- Collected news and commentary at The Wall Street Journal
- Collected news and commentary at The Guardian
- Works by or about George H. W. Bush in libraries (WorldCat catalog)
- Essays on Bush and His Administration Archived 2007-05-16 at the Wayback Machine
- The President Who Treated Me Like A Son, brief memoir by his personal aide
- Photographs of President George H. W. Bush shaking hands with Philip G. Hoffman at a University of Houston commencement ceremony.[permanent dead link]
- George BushArchived 2013-07-24 at the Wayback Machine at C-SPAN's American Presidents: Life Portraits
- Bush, George H. W. and Jim McGrath. George H. W. Bush Oral History Archived 2013-11-14 at the Wayback Machine (Directory entry Archived 2018-04-18 at the Wayback Machine), Houston Oral History Project, July 2009. Houston Public Library Digital Archives.
- The Presidents: George H.W. Bush An American Experience Documentary
- Presidents of the United States
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- 1924 births
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