2008 Summer Olympics

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Games of the XXIX Olympiad
Host cityBeijing, China
MottoOne World, One Dream
(Chinese: 同一个世界 同一个梦想)
Nations204
Athletes10,942 (4,637 women & 6,305 men)
Events302 in 28 sports (41 disciplines)
Opening8 August
Closing24 August
Opened by
Cauldron
StadiumBeijing National Stadium
Summer
Athens 2004 London 2012
Winter
Turin 2006 Vancouver 2010

The 2008 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXIX Olympiad, were celebrated in Beijing, People's Republic of China from August 8 to August 24. The opening ceremony began at 08:08:08 pm CST (12:08:08 UTC) at the Beijing National Stadium in Beijing, People's Republic of China. During the games, 10,500 athletes competed in 302 events in 28 sports.

The Olympic games were awarded to Beijing after a vote of the International Olympic Committee (IOC) on July 13 2001. The official logo of the games, titled "Dancing Beijing," features a stylised calligraphic character jīng (京, meaning capital), meaning the host city. The mascots of Beijing 2008 are the five Fuwa, each representing both a colour of the Olympic rings and a symbol of Chinese culture. The Olympic slogan, One World, One Dream, calls upon the world to unite in the Olympic spirit. Several new NOCs were also recognised by the IOC.

The Chinese government used the games to promote China as an important and powerful country, and spent a lot of money on building new facilities and transportation systems for the games.[2][3] The events were held in 37 venues, including 12 newly-built buildings. In 2007, former IOC president Juan Antonio Samaranch said that he thinks that the Beijing games will be "the best in Olympic history".[4] Although there was some controversy about having the games in China, the IOC's former president Jacques Rogge said that the IOC has "absolutely no regrets" in choosing Beijing to host the 2008 games.[5]

Medal table[change | change source]

At the end of the Olympics, China won the total gold medal count, while the United States led the grand total medal count.[6]

Here is the top of the medal table at the end of the games.[6]

Medal numbers shown in bold are the highest in their section. China, the host nation is highlighted in lavender.

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 China China (CHN) 51 21 28 100
2 United States United States (USA) 36 38 36 110
3 Russia Russia (RUS) 23 21 28 72
4 United Kingdom Great Britain (GBR) 19 13 15 47
5 Germany Germany (GER) 16 10 15 41
6 Australia Australia (AUS) 14 15 17 46
7 South Korea South Korea (KOR) 13 10 8 31
8 Japan Japan (JPN) 9 6 10 25
9 Italy Italy (ITA) 8 10 10 28
10 France France (FRA) 7 16 17 40

Notes[change | change source]

  1. IOC records state Hu Jintao opened the Beijing Games as "President", de jure head of state. Though Hu Jintao was also de facto ruler as General Secretary of the Communist Party of China, that title is not reflected in IOC records.

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 International Olympic Committee (9 October 2014). "Factsheet - Opening Ceremony of the Games of the Olympiad". Press release. https://stillmed.olympic.org/Documents/Reference_documents_Factsheets/Opening_ceremony_of_the_Games_of_the_Olympiad.pdf. Retrieved 22 December 2018. 
  2. "China's coming out party". Toronto Star. August 2007.
  3. "2008-The Year of China?". BusinessCenter.TV. 2007-08-07. Retrieved 2008-01-02.[permanent dead link]
  4. "Beijing 2008 will be best-ever Games: Samaranch". BOCOG. 2007-06-25. Archived from the original on 2008-08-01. Retrieved 2007-06-25. Check date values in: |date= (help)
  5. Abrahamson, Alan (2008-08-02). ""Absolutely no regrets" in coming to China, IOC president says". NBC. Retrieved 2008-08-02.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Official Olympics Games medal table Retrieved 18:00 (UTC), 31/08/08 Archived 5 August 2009 at WebCite