2014 Winter Olympics

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XXII Olympic Winter Games
Host city Sochi, Russia
Motto Hot. Cool. Yours.[1]
(Russian: Жаркие. Зимние. Твои.)
Nations participating 88
Athletes participating 2,873
Opening ceremony February 7
Closing ceremony February 23
Officially opened by President Vladimir Putin
Athlete's Oath Ruslan Zakharov[2]
Judge's Oath Vyacheslav Vedenin
Coach's Oath Anastasia Popkova [2]
Olympic Torch Vladislav Tretiak
Irina Rodnina
Stadium Olympic Stadium

The 2014 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XXII Olympic Winter Games, is the 22nd Games of the Winter Olympics. It is an international winter sports event that was held from February 7 to February 23, 2014. The host city was Sochi in Russia. It was chosen on July 4, 2007, during the 119th International Olympic Committee (IOC) meeting in Guatemala City, Guatemala.[3] This was Russia's first time hosting the Winter Olympics (the Soviet Union hosted the 1980 Summer Games in Moscow though). These were also the first winter games in a subtropical city.

Sports[change | change source]

Fifteen winter sports were played in the 2014 Winter Olympics program. Sports included were ones that are generally played in the winter. They include skiing, ice skating, ice hockey, and curling. A total of twelve new events will be contested to make it the largest Winter Olympics to date.[4] The following sports were played:

Stadiums[change | change source]

Most of the stadiums will be built at a place called Sochi Olympic Park near the Black Sea coast All of the venues(stadiums) being used are new. The venues are near each other. This will provide a great compactness of the concept with the Olympic Stadium and all indoor venues of the Olympics will be gathered within walking distance.

  • Bolshoy Ice Dome – ice hockey (final), 12,000 spectators
  • Shayba Arena – ice hockey, 7,000 spectators
  • Adler Arena Skating Center – speed skating, 8,000 spectators
  • Iceberg Skating Palace – figure skating, short track speed skating, 12,000 spectators
  • Ice Cube Curling Center – curling, 3,000 spectators
  • Fisht Olympic Stadium – ceremonies (opening/closing) 40,000 spectators[13]
  • Main Olympic village- where the athletes sleep
  • International broadcasting centre and main press room

Hoewever, some parts of the Olympics, mainly skiing and snowboarding, will take place away from the main area. These events will take place at Krasnaya Polyana (Mountain Cluster)

  • Laura Biathlon & Ski Complex – Biathlon, Cross-country skiing
  • Rosa Khutor Extreme Park – Freestyle skiing and Snowboarding
  • Rosa Khutor Alpine Resort – Alpine skiing
  • Sliding Center Sanki – Bobsleigh, Luge and Skeleton
  • RusSki Gorki Jumping Center – Ski jumping and Nordic combined (both ski jumping and Cross-country Skiing on a 2 km route around the arena)

Rosa Khutor Plateau Olympic Village

Opening ceremony[change | change source]

The opening ceremony of the Games was held on 7 February 2014. It was held from 20:14 to 23:02 local time.[5] The Games were officially opened by Vladimir Putin, the President of Russia. There was an audience of about 40,000 people.[6] The performance part of the ceremony was mainly about Russian classical music.[7] The pop duo t.A.T.u performed as well.

The site of the opening ceremony was Fisht Olympic Stadium. This was built just for the games. It will be used only for the opening and closing ceremonies.[8]

Homophobia[change | change source]

In 2013, a law against 'homosexual propaganda' was made in Russia. Cher chose not to perform at the Winter Olympics because of the law.[9] On 27 January 2014, the mayor of Sochi said that there are no gay people living in Sochi.[10] On the first day of the Olympics, 7 February 2014, four gay rights activists were arrested in St Petersburg, including one pregnant woman.[11]

Incidents and threats[change | change source]

Organizers received several threats prior to the Games. In a July 2013 video release, Chechen Islamist commander Dokka Umarov called for attacks on the Games, stating that the Games were being staged "on the bones of many, many Muslims killed ...and buried on our lands extending to the Red Sea."

Threats were received from the group Vilayat Dagestan, which had claimed responsibility for the Volgograd bombings under the demands of Umarov, and a number of National Olympic Committees had also received threats via e-mail, threatening that terrorists would kidnap or "blow up" athletes during the Games. However, while the IOC did state that the letters "[contained] no threat and appears to be a random message from a member of the public", the U.S. ski and snowboarding teams hired a private security agency to provide additional protection during the Games.

References[change | change source]

  1. "Sochi 2014 Reveals its Slogan". Sochi 2014 Olympic and Paralympic Games Organizing Committee. 25 September 2012. http://www.sochi2014.com/en/media/news/59607/. Retrieved 4 March 2014.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "News". sochi2014.com. Retrieved 4 March 2014. 
  3. «Sochi Elected as Host City of XXII Olympic Winter Games». International Olympic Committee, July 4, 2007
  4. "Rogge announces three new disciplines for Sochi 2014". Russia Today. TV-Novosti. 5 July 2011. Retrieved 6 July 2011. 
  5. Inez Torre; Matthew Knight (31 October 2013). "Sochi 2014: Winter Olympic venues". CNN. Retrieved 10 February 2014. 
  6. Dion Dassanayake (February 7, 2014). "Winter Olympics: Opening ceremony for Sochi 2014 kicks off with a bang". Daily Express. Retrieved 10 February 2014. 
  7. Faith Karimi; Michael Martinez (February 7, 2014). "Sochi 2014 begins with teams, classical music and a flying girl". CNN. CNN. Retrieved 10 February 2014. 
  8. Owen Gibson (February 7, 2014). "Sochi 2014 opening ceremony: Ernst delivers disco-led paean to the past". The Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/sport/2014/feb/07/sochi-2014-opening-ceremony-ernst-disco-paean-to-past. Retrieved February 10, 2014.
  9. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LSKVGCd6-lg
  10. https://sports.yahoo.com/news/sochi-mayor-claims-there-are-no-gay-people-in-sochi-080120594-olympics.html
  11. http://www.gaystarnews.com/article/russia-makes-first-gay-arrests-sochi-olympics070214


Olympic rings with white rims.svg Olympic Games
Summer Games: 1896 Athens, 1900 Paris, 1904 St. Louis, 1906 Athens, 1908 London, 1912 Stockholm, (1916 Berlin), 1920 Antwerp, 1924 Paris, 1928 Amsterdam, 1932 Los Angeles, 1936 Berlin, (1940 Tokyo), (1944 London), 1948 London, 1952 Helsinki, 1956 Melbourne, 1960 Rome, 1964 Tokyo, 1968 Mexico City, 1972 Munich, 1976 Montreal, 1980 Moscow, 1984 Los Angeles, 1988 Seoul, 1992 Barcelona, 1996 Atlanta, 2000 Sydney, 2004 Athens, 2008 Beijing, 2012 London, 2016 Rio de Janeiro, 2020 Tokyo, 2024 Paris, 2028 Los Angeles
Winter Games: 1924 Chamonix, 1928 St. Moritz, 1932 Lake Placid, 1936 Garmisch-Partenkirchen, (1940 Sapporo), (1944 Cortina d'Ampezzo), 1948 St. Moritz, 1952 Oslo, 1956 Cortina d'Ampezzo, 1960 Squaw Valley, 1964 Innsbruck, 1968 Grenoble, 1972 Sapporo, 1976 Innsbruck, 1980 Lake Placid, 1984 Sarajevo, 1988 Calgary, 1992 Albertville, 1994 Lillehammer, 1998 Nagano, 2002 Salt Lake City, 2006 Turin, 2010 Vancouver, 2014 Sochi, 2018 Pyeongchang, 2022 Beijing, 2026
Rio 2016Pyeongchang 2018Tokyo 2020Beijing 2022Paris 2024Los Angeles 2028

Games in italics will be held in the future, and those in (brackets) were cancelled because of war. See also: Ancient Olympic Games