Vladimir Putin

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Vladimir Putin
Владимир Путин
Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin (2nd Presidency).jpg
2nd and 4th President of Russia
Assumed office
7 May 2012
Prime MinisterViktor Zubkov
Dmitry Medvedev
Mikhail Mishustin
Preceded byDmitry Medvedev
In office
7 May 2000 – 7 May 2008
Acting: 31 December 1999 – 7 May 2000
Prime MinisterMikhail Kasyanov
Mikhail Fradkov
Viktor Zubkov
Preceded byBoris Yeltsin
Succeeded byDmitry Medvedev
Prime Minister of Russia
In office
8 May 2008 – 7 May 2012
PresidentDmitry Medvedev
DeputyIgor Shuvalov
Preceded byViktor Zubkov
Succeeded byViktor Zubkov
In office
9 August 1999 – 7 May 2000
Acting: 9 August 1999 – 16 August 1999
PresidentBoris Yeltsin
DeputyViktor Khristenko
Mikhail Kasyanov
Preceded bySergei Stepashin
Succeeded byMikhail Kasyanov
Leader of the United Russia Party
In office
1 January 2008 – 30 May 2012
Preceded byBoris Gryzlov
Succeeded byDmitry Medvedev
Director of the Federal Security Service
In office
25 July 1998 – 29 March 1999
PresidentBoris Yeltsin
Preceded byNikolay Kovalyov
Succeeded byNikolai Patrushev
Personal details
Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin

(1952-10-07) 7 October 1952 (age 68)
Leningrad, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
Political partyCommunist Party of the Soviet Union (1975-1991)
Our Home-Russia (1995–1999)
Unity (1999–2001)
Independent (1991–1995; 2001–2008)
United Russia (2008–present)
Other political
People's Front for Russia (2011–present)
Lyudmila Putina (m. 1983–2014)
Alma materLeningrad State University
AwardsOrden of Honour.png
WebsiteOfficial website
Military service
Allegiance Soviet Union
Years of service1975–1991
RankLieutenant Colonel

Vladímir Vladímirovich Putin (Russian: Влади́мир Влади́мирович Пу́тин, About this soundru-Putin.ogg ) is a Russian politician. He is currently President of Russia. Putin was born in Leningrad, now Saint Petersburg, on 7 October 1952. He was the Prime Minister of Russia from 1999 to 2000, then President of Russia from March 2000 to May 2008, and Prime Minister again from 2008 to 2012. He became president again in 2012. He originally trained as a lawyer.

Early life[change | change source]

Putin was born on 7 October 1952, in Leningrad, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union (now Saint Petersburg, Russia). His parents were Vladimir Spiridonovich Putin (1911–1999) and Maria Ivanovna Putina (née Shelomova; 1911–1998). Spiridon Putin, Vladimir Putin's grandfather, was a cook to Vladimir Lenin and Joseph Stalin.[2][3]

Early career[change | change source]

From 1985 to 1990, Putin worked for the KGB, the Soviet Union's secret spy service. Putin worked in Dresden, which was part of the former East Germany. After East Germany collapsed in 1989, Putin was told to come back to the Soviet Union. He chose to go to Leningrad, which is where he went to university. In June 1990, he started working in the International Affairs section of Leningrad State University. In June 1991, he was appointed head of the International Committee of the Saint Petersburg Mayor's office. His job was to promote international relations and foreign investments.

Putin gave up his position in the KGB on August 20, 1991, during the putsch against Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev. In 1994, he became First Deputy Chairman of the city of Saint Petersburg. In August 1996, he came to Moscow, and served in a variety of important positions in Boris Yeltsin's government. He was head of the FSB (a secret spy service in modern capitalist Russia) from July 1998 to August 1999, and he was Secretary of the Security Council from March to August 1999.

President of Russia[change | change source]

Putin became President of Russia in May 2000.

Putin is the leader of the ruling United Russia party. This party has been winning the Russian elections ever since the fall of the Soviet Union.

Critics of Putin say that he has taken away people's freedoms, and that he has failed to make the country more developed. Russia makes lots of money from selling oil and gas to other counties, but because of corruption, this money is not used for improving living conditions.

Recently, the Russian opposition has held anti-government rallies, campaigned against Putin on the Internet, and published independent reports for general public. Because of censorship in the mass media, it's very difficult to get different information out to the public.

Putin was against invading Libya in 2011. He is also against invading Syria and Iran.

According to the Constitution of Russia, no-one can be president three times in a row.[4] Because of this, Putin didn't put himself forward for the March 2008 election. However, you're allowed to be president as many times as you want, as long as it's not for more than two times in a row. In March 2012, Putin put himself forward for the elections, and won 64% of the vote. This means he will be president of Russia until 2018.[5]

In December 6, 2017 Russia President Vladimir Putin announced he would run for a fourth term in the upcoming election, 2018 Russian Presidential Election.[6]

G8 suspension[change | change source]

On March 24, 2014, Putin and Russia were suspended from the G8.[7][8] This was because the United States thought that the Ukraine crisis was Putin's fault.

2020 referendum[change | change source]

In July 2020, Russian voters backed a referendum that would allow Putin to serve as president until 2036.[9]

Personal life[change | change source]

He is a member of the Russian Orthodox Church, and is divorced with two daughters.

References[change | change source]

  1. Allen, Cooper (2 April 2014). "Putin divorce finalized, Kremlin says". USA Today.
  2. "Putin says grandfather cooked for Stalin and Lenin". reuters.com. Reuters. Retrieved 30 January 2021.
  3. Sebestyen, Victor (2018), Lenin the Dictator, London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, p. 422, ISBN 978-1-4746-0105-4
  4. "Russia country profile". 6 March 2012 – via news.bbc.co.uk.
  5. Harding, Luke (6 March 2012). "Putin's election victory is a headache for the west" – via www.theguardian.com.
  6. Luhn, Alec (6 December 2017). "Vladimir Putin announces he will run for president again in 2018" – via www.telegraph.co.uk.
  7. Correspondent, By Jim Acosta, CNN Senior White House. "U.S., other powers kick Russia out of G8 - CNNPolitics". CNN.
  8. Smale, Alison; Shear, Michael D. (24 March 2014). "Russia Is Ousted From Group of 8 by U.S. and Allies" – via NYTimes.com.
  9. "Russian voters overwhelmingly back a ploy by President Vladimir Putin to rule until 2036". CNN. 1 July 2020. Retrieved 1 July 2020.

Bibliography[change | change source]

Academic works[change | change source]

  • Burrett, Tina. Television and Presidential Power in Putin's Russia (Routledge; 2010) 300 pages
  • Kanet Roger E., ed. Russian Foreign Policy in the 21st Century (Palgrave Macmillan; 2011) 295 pages; essays by experts
  • Sakwa, Richard (2008). Putin: Russia’s choice (2nd ed.). Abingdon, Oxfordshire: Routledge. ISBN 0-203-93193-9.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Sakwa, Richard (2008). Russian politics and society (4th ed.). Abingdon, Oxfordshire and Madison Avenue, New York City: Routledge. ISBN 0-203-93125-4.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)

Journalist works[change | change source]

Other websites[change | change source]