|2nd and 4th President of Russia|
Assumed office |
7 May 2012
|Preceded by||Dmitry Medvedev|
7 May 2000 – 7 May 2008
Acting: 31 December 1999 – 7 May 2000
|Preceded by||Boris Yeltsin|
|Succeeded by||Dmitry Medvedev|
|Prime Minister of Russia|
8 May 2008 – 7 May 2012
|Preceded by||Viktor Zubkov|
|Succeeded by||Viktor Zubkov|
9 August 1999 – 7 May 2000
Acting: 9 August 1999 – 16 August 1999
|Preceded by||Sergei Stepashin|
|Succeeded by||Mikhail Kasyanov|
|Leader of the United Russia Party|
1 January 2008 – 30 May 2012
|Preceded by||Boris Gryzlov|
|Succeeded by||Dmitry Medvedev|
|Director of the Federal Security Service|
25 July 1998 – 29 March 1999
|Preceded by||Nikolay Kovalyov|
|Succeeded by||Nikolai Patrushev|
Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin|
7 October 1952
Leningrad, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1975-1991)|
Our Home-Russia (1995–1999)
Independent (1991–1995; 2001–2008)
United Russia (2008–present)
|People's Front for Russia (2011–present)|
|Spouse(s)||Lyudmila Putina (m. 1983–2014)|
|Alma mater||Leningrad State University|
|Years of service||1975–1991|
Vladímir Vladímirovich Putin (Russian: Влади́мир Влади́мирович Пу́тин, ru-Putin.ogg (help·info)) is the President of Russia. Putin was born in Leningrad, now Saint Petersburg, 7 October 1952. He has already been the Prime Minister of Russia from 1999 to 2000, then President of Russia from March 2000 to May 2008, and Prime Minister again from 2008 to 2012. After that, he became president again in 2012 and is currently president now. He originally trained as a lawyer.
Early life[change | change source]
Early career[change | change source]
From 1985 to 1990, Putin worked for the KGB, the Soviet Union's secret spy service. Putin worked in Dresden, which was part of the former East Germany. After East Germany collapsed in 1989, Putin was told to come back to the Soviet Union. He chose to go to Leningrad, which is where he went to university. In June 1990, he started working in the International Affairs section of Leningrad State University. In June 1991, he was appointed head of the International Committee of the Saint Petersburg Mayor's office. His job was to promote international relations and foreign investments.
Putin gave up his position in the KGB on August 20, 1991, during the putsch against Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev. In 1994, he became First Deputy Chairman of the city of Saint Petersburg. In August 1996, he came to Moscow, and served in a variety of important positions in Boris Yeltsin's government. He was head of the FSB (a newer version of the KGB) from July 1998 to August 1999, and he was Secretary of the Security Council from March to August 1999.
President of Russia[change | change source]
Putin became President of Russia in May 2000.
Putin is the leader of the ruling United Russia party. This party has been winning the Russian elections ever since the fall of the Soviet Union.
Critics of Putin say that he has taken away people's freedoms, and that he has failed to make the country more developed. Russia makes lots of money from selling oil and gas to other counties, but because of corruption, this money is not used for improving living conditions.
Recently, the Russian opposition has held anti-government rallies, campaigned against Putin on the Internet, and published independent reports for general public. Because of censorship in the mass media, it's very difficult to get different information out to the public.
Putin was against invading Libya in 2011. He is also against invading Syria and Iran.
According to the Constitution of Russia, no-one can be president three times in a row. Because of this, Putin didn't put himself forward for the March 2008 election. However, you're allowed to be president as many times as you want, as long as it's not for more than two times in a row. In March 2012, Putin put himself forward for the elections, and won 64% of the vote. This means he will be president of Russia until 2018.
G8 suspension[change | change source]
Personal life[change | change source]
He is a member of the Russian Orthodox Church, and is divorced with two daughters.
References[change | change source]
- Allen, Cooper (2 April 2014). "Putin divorce finalized, Kremlin says". USA Today.
Bibliography[change | change source]
Academic works[change | change source]
- Burrett, Tina. Television and Presidential Power in Putin's Russia (Routledge; 2010) 300 pages
- Kanet Roger E., ed. Russian Foreign Policy in the 21st Century (Palgrave Macmillan; 2011) 295 pages; essays by experts
- Sakwa, Richard (2008). Putin: Russia’s choice (2nd ed.). Abingdon, Oxfordshire: Routledge. ISBN 0-203-93193-9.
- Sakwa, Richard (2008). Russian politics and society (4th ed.). Abingdon, Oxfordshire and Madison Avenue, New York City: Routledge. ISBN 0-203-93125-4.
Journalist works[change | change source]
- Gessen, Masha, The Man Without a Face : the unlikely rise of Vladimir Putin, New York : RIVERHEAD BOOKS, 2012. ISBN 9781594488429