Jeb Bush

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Jeb Bush
Jeb Bush campaigning in Barrington, New Hampshire, August 2015
43rd Governor of Florida
In office
January 5, 1999 – January 2, 2007
Lieutenant Frank Brogan (1999–2003)
Toni Jennings (2003–2007)
Preceded by Buddy MacKay
Succeeded by Charlie Crist
Florida Secretary of Commerce
In office
January 6, 1987 – September 9, 1988[1]
Governor Bob Martinez
Personal details
Born John Ellis Bush
February 11, 1953 (1953-02-11) (age 62)
Midland, Texas, U.S.
Nationality American
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Columba Bush
(1974–present)
Relations See Bush family
Children George
Noelle
John Ellis
Alma mater University of Texas at Austin
Profession Banker, Consultant
Religion Episcopalian (Before 1995)
Roman Catholic
(1995–present)
Signature Cursive signature in ink

John Ellis "Jeb" Bush (born February 11, 1953) is an American businessman and politician. He served as the 43rd Governor of Florida from 1999 to 2007.

Bush is the second son of former President George H. W. Bush and former First Lady Barbara Bush, the younger brother of former President George W. Bush, and grandson of the late Prescott Bush, United States Senator from Connecticut. Following his father's successful run for Vice President in 1980, he moved to Florida and pursued a career in real estate development. In 1986, Bush was named Florida's Secretary of Commerce, a position he held until his resignation in 1988 to help his father's successful campaign for the Presidency.

In 1994, Bush made his first run for office, losing the election for governor by less than two percentage points to the incumbent Lawton Chiles. Bush ran again in 1998 and defeated Lieutenant Governor Buddy MacKay with 55 percent of the vote. He ran for reelection in 2002. He won with 56 percent to become Florida's first two-term Republican governor.[2] During his eight years as governor, Bush helped create environmental improvements, such as conservation in the Everglades, supporting caps for medical malpractice litigation, moving Medicaid recipients to private systems, and creating reforms to the state education system, including the issuance of vouchers and promoting school choice.[3][4]

Bush is a candidate for the Republican nomination in the 2016 presidential election.

Early life[change | change source]

Bush was born in Midland, Texas.[5] He was raised in Houston, Texas. His father is George H. W. Bush, the 41st President of the United States and 43rd Vice President of the United States. His mother is Barbara Pierce. The nickname "Jeb" is made up of his initials J.E.B. (John Ellis Bush).[6]

Bush received poor grades at first and occasionally smoked marijuana.[7] He made the honor roll by the end of his senior year and served as captain of the tennis team.[7] He studied at the University of Texas at Austin.[7] At the age of 17, Bush taught English as a second language and worked in the building of a school in Ibarrilla, a small village outside of León, Guanajuato, Mexico/[8] It was part of a student exchange summer program.[9] While in Mexico, he met his future wife, Columba Garnica Gallo.[9][10]

Early career[change | change source]

Florida Secretary of Commerce (1987-1988)[change | change source]

Following his father's successful run for Vice President in 1980, he moved to Florida and pursued a career in real estate development.[11] In 1986, Bush was named Florida's Secretary of Commerce, a position he held until his resignation in 1988 to help his father's successful campaign for the Presidency.[12]

1994 gubernatorial run[change | change source]

In 1994, Bush made his first run for office. He lost the election for governor by less than two percentage points to the incumbent Lawton Chiles.[11]

Governor of Florida (1999-2007)[change | change source]

Governor Bush's official portrait

Bush ran again in 1998 and beat Lieutenant Governor Buddy MacKay with 55 percent of the vote. Bush's administration was marked by a focus on public education reform.

While Governor, Bush reduced taxes by $19 billion, reduced the size of state government by 6.6 percent, and vetoed $2 billion in new spending. Bush eliminated civil service protection for over 16,000 state jobs, which had the effect of making it easier to fire employees in those positions.

Bush signed legislation to restore the Everglades as part of an $8 billion project in conjunction with the federal government. Bush supported more than a dozen new protections for gun owners. In 2005, Bush signed into law Florida's stand-your-ground law,[13][14] which was the first such state law in the United States.[15] In 2004, Bush supported an unsuccessful bill to allow illegal immigrants to be issued drivers licenses by the state.

He ran for reelection in 2002 and won with 56 percent to become Florida's first two-term Republican governor.[16]

During his eight years as governor, Bush was credited with initiating environmental improvements, such as conservation in the Everglades, supporting caps for medical malpractice litigation, moving medicaid recipients to private systems, and instituting reforms to the state education system, including the issuance of vouchers and promoting school choice.[17][18]

2016 presidential race[change | change source]

Bush at a campaign stop in New Hampshire, July 2015

Bush was considered a potential candidate in the 2016 presidential election since the end of the 2012 election.[19]

At a press conference on April 16, 2013, at Bluefield College, Bush stated he had not begun the decision making process about a run but that he would begin to consider a run soon.[20] On October 2, 2014, Bush's brother George said that his brother "wants to be President".[21] On December 16, 2014, Bush announced via Facebook that he would be "actively exploring" a 2016 run to become President of the United States and at the end of the year resigned several corporate boards.[22][23]

Bush announced his candidacy on June 15, 2015.[24][25][26] Bush has been high on Republican polls for president.[27]

Personal life[change | change source]

Bush married Columbia Bush in 1974. They have three children: George, Noelle, and John.

In 1995, Bush converted from Anglicanism to Roman Catholicism.[28] In 2004, he became a Fourth Degree Knight of Columbus.[29] Bush, a member of Father Hugon Council 3521 in Tallahassee, has joined Father Hugon Assembly.[30]

References[change | change source]

  1. "The Education Of Jeb Bush Florida`s Popular Secretary Of Commerce Joins His Father`s Campaign For President, And Plots His Own Political Future.". Sun Sentinel. http://articles.sun-sentinel.com/1988-08-14/features/8802160886_1_jeb-bush-secretary-commerce.
  2. "Jeb Bush Makes History In Florida". CBS News. February 11, 2009. http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2002/11/04/politics/main527998.shtml. Retrieved May 29, 2013.
  3. Associated, The (December 14, 2006). "Gov. Jeb Bush's environmental legacy during eight years in office". Jacksonville.com. http://jacksonville.com/apnews/stories/121406/D8M0RQ0G1.shtml. Retrieved May 29, 2013.
  4. "Jeb Bush | StateImpact Florida". Stateimpact.npr.org. http://stateimpact.npr.org/florida/tag/jeb-bush/. Retrieved May 29, 2013.
  5. McCrimmon, Ryan (March 17, 2015). "In Texas, a Focused Jeb Bush Stood Out From the Crowd". Texas Tribune (Austin, Texas). http://www.texastribune.org/2015/03/17/jeb-bush-texas-years/.
  6. "Jeb Bush's Pros and Cons". http://www.huffingtonpost.com/chris-weigant/jeb-bushs-pros-and-cons_b_6330710.html. Retrieved June 14, 2015.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 Kranish, Michael (February 1, 2015). "Jeb Bush shaped by troubled Phillips Academy years". Boston Globe. http://www.bostonglobe.com/news/politics/2015/02/01/tumultuous-four-years-phillips-academy-helped-shape-jeb-bush/q6ccyHNOtP1n6kqDokMBfK/story.html?rss_id=Top-GNP&google_editors_picks=true. Retrieved January 31, 2015.
  8. Kruse, Michael (May 21, 2015). "Andover, Mexico and the Making of Jeb Bush". Politico (Washingon, DC). http://www.politico.com/magazine/gallery/2015/05/andover-mexico-and-the-making-of-jeb-bush/002218-031750.html#.VWHF1U_BzGc. "Before the Andover boys and teacher John J. Patrick helped build the two-room schoolhouse in Ibarrilla, outside of León, in their two-month trip in 1971, the village had no school at all—only a local woman who volunteered to teach the children who were interested in learning rudimentary reading and math skills."
  9. 9.0 9.1 Guevara-Castro, Lillian (May 5, 1999). "Florida's First Lady: Columba Bush settles into life in the governor's mansion". Ocala Star-Banner (Ocala, Florida). https://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1356&dat=19990505&id=CEAxAAAAIBAJ&sjid=7QgEAAAAIBAJ&pg=6802,1531897&hl=en. "Columba Garnica Gallo was 16 and John Ellis "Jeb" Bush was 17 when they met in the central Mexican town of León. Jeb was teaching English and helping to build a school as an exchange student from Phillips Academy, a prestigious prep school in Andover, Mass."
  10. "Hispanic consciousness lends weight to Jeb Bush as GOP eyes 2016 presidential race". The Washington Post. April 24, 2013. http://www.washingtonpost.com/lifestyle/style/hispanic-consciousness-lends-weight-to-jeb-bush-as-gop-eyes-2016-presidential-race/2013/04/24/ed830402-aa9a-11e2-b6fd-ba6f5f26d70e_story.html. Retrieved February 9, 2015.
  11. 11.0 11.1 Kyle Pendergast (November 19, 2008). "Where are they now? Jeb Bush". Houston Chronicle. http://blog.chron.com/txpotomac/2008/11/where-are-they-now-jeb-bush/.
  12. Eder, Steve; Barbaro, Michael (February 14, 2015). "As Dynasty’s Son, Jeb Bush Used His Connections Freely". New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2015/02/15/us/politics/as-dynastys-son-jeb-bush-used-his-connections-freely.html. Retrieved February 15, 2015.
  13. Jeffers, Jr., Groomer (24 March 2012). "In Arlington, Jeb Bush says ‘stand your ground’ invalid in Trayvon Martin case". The Dallas Morning News. http://www.dallasnews.com/news/community-news/arlington/headlines/20120323-in-arlington-jeb-bush-says-stand-your-ground-invalid-in-trayvon-martin-case.ece. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
  14. Meckler, Laura (16 December 2014). "What Kind of Republican is Bush? His Time as Governor Offers Clues". Wall Street Journal. http://www.wsj.com/articles/jeb-bush-built-conservative-record-as-florida-governor-1418761689. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
  15. "States That Have Stand Your Ground Laws". Thomson Reuters. http://criminal.findlaw.com/criminal-law-basics/states-that-have-stand-your-ground-laws.html. Retrieved 1 February 2015.
  16. February 11, 2009, 8:57 PM (2009-02-11). "Jeb Bush Makes History In Florida". CBS News. http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2002/11/04/politics/main527998.shtml. Retrieved 2013-05-29.
  17. Associated, The (2006-12-14). "Gov. Jeb Bush's environmental legacy during eight years in office". Jacksonville.com. http://jacksonville.com/apnews/stories/121406/D8M0RQ0G1.shtml. Retrieved 2013-05-29.
  18. "Jeb Bush | StateImpact Florida". Stateimpact.npr.org. http://stateimpact.npr.org/florida/tag/jeb-bush/. Retrieved 2013-05-29.
  19. Rutenberg, Jim; Jeff Zeleny (November 22, 2012). "Jeb Bush in 2016? Not Too Early for Chatter". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2012/11/23/us/politics/jeb-bush-in-2016-its-not-too-early-for-chatter.html. Retrieved December 1, 2012.
  20. "Bush: No decision yet on whether to run for president in 2016". Bluefield Daily Telegraph (VA). April 16, 2013. http://bdtonline.com/local/x2094913541/Bush-No-decision-yet-on-whether-to-run-for-president-in-2016. Retrieved April 18, 2013.
  21. Kendall Breitman, George W. Bush: I think Jeb wants it. Politico, 10/2/14.
  22. "A Note from Jeb Bush". facebook.com. https://www.facebook.com/notes/jeb-bush/a-note-from-jeb-bush/619074134888300.
  23. Roberts, Dan (January 1, 2015). "Jeb Bush sheds corporate commitments to help 2016 presidential run". Guardian News & Media Limited. http://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2015/jan/01/jeb-bush-sheds-corporate-commitments-2016-presidential-run. Retrieved January 1, 2015.
  24. Diamond, Jeremy (June 4, 2015). "Jeb Bush to announce candidacy June 15". CNN. http://www.cnn.com/2015/06/04/politics/jeb-bush-2016-announcement/. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  25. Tau, Byron (June 15, 2015). The Wall Street Journal "Jeb Bush Files Paperwork to Run for President". http://www.wsj.com/articles/jeb-bush-formally-announces-hell-seek-gop-presidential-nomination-1434388382=The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved June 15, 2015.
  26. Holland, Steve (June 15, 2015). Reuters "Jeb Bush vows to fix Washington as he starts White House run". http://www.reuters.com/article/2015/06/15/us-usa-election-bush-idUSKBN0OV0CW20150615=Reuters. Retrieved June 15, 2015.
  27. Mazzei, Patricia and Sherman, Amy. “With pressure on, Jeb Bush delivers forceful speech confirming 2016 presidential candidacy”, Miami Herald (June 15, 2015).
  28. "Jeb Bush, Catholic Convert. Will His Brother Convert?". Catholic.org. September 2, 2009. http://www.catholic.org/national/national_story.php?id=34357. Retrieved August 8, 2012.
  29. "President Discusses Compassionate Conservative Agenda in Dallas". http://faq.acf.hhs.gov/app/answers/detail/a_id/1556/~/acf-messenger-archive%3A-president-discusses-compassionate-conservative-agenda-in. Retrieved August 8, 2012.
  30. [1] Knights of Columbus, Accessed January 8, 2014

More reading[change | change source]

Other websites[change | change source]