Jeb Bush

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Jeb Bush
43rd Governor of Florida
In office
January 5, 1999 – January 2, 2007
Lieutenant Frank Brogan (1999–2003)
Toni Jennings (2003–2007)
Preceded by Buddy MacKay
Succeeded by Charlie Crist
Florida Secretary of Commerce
In office
January 6, 1987 – September 9, 1988[1]
Governor Bob Martinez
Personal details
Born John Ellis Bush
February 11, 1953 (1953-02-11) (age 62)
Midland, Texas, U.S.
Nationality American
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Columba Bush
(1974–present)
Relations See Bush family
Children George
Noelle
John Ellis
Alma mater University of Texas at Austin
Profession Banker, Consultant
Religion Episcopalian (Before 1995)
Roman Catholic
(1995–present)
Signature Cursive signature in ink

John Ellis "Jeb" Bush (born February 11, 1953) is an American politician. He served as the 43rd Governor of Florida from 1999 to 2007. He is the brother of former President George W. Bush, and son of former President George H. W. Bush and former First Lady Barbara Bush.

On June 15, 2015, Bush announced that he will be running for President of the United States in 2016.[2][3][4]

Early life[change | change source]

Bush was born in Midland, Texas. He was raised in Houston, Texas. His father is George H. W. Bush, the 41st President of the United States and 43rd Vice President of the United States. His mother is Barbara Pierce. Bush studied at the University of Texas at Austin.

Early career[change | change source]

Following his father's successful run for Vice President in 1980, he moved to Florida and pursued a career in real estate development. In 1986, Bush was named Florida's Secretary of Commerce, a position he held until his resignation in 1988 to help his father's successful campaign for the Presidency.

In 1994, Bush made his first run for office, narrowly losing the election for governor by less than two percentage points to the incumbent Lawton Chiles.

Governor of Florida (1999-2007)[change | change source]

Governor Bush's official portrait

Bush ran again in 1998 and beat Lieutenant Governor Buddy MacKay with 55 percent of the vote. Bush's administration was marked by a focus on public education reform.

While Governor, Bush reduced taxes by $19 billion, reduced the size of state government by 6.6 percent, and vetoed $2 billion in new spending. Bush eliminated civil service protection for over 16,000 state jobs, which had the effect of making it easier to fire employees in those positions.

Bush signed legislation to restore the Everglades as part of an $8 billion project in conjunction with the federal government. Bush supported more than a dozen new protections for gun owners. In 2005, Bush signed into law Florida's stand-your-ground law,[5][6] which was the first such state law in the United States.[7] In 2004, Bush supported an unsuccessful bill to allow illegal immigrants to be issued drivers licenses by the state.

He ran for reelection in 2002 and won with 56 percent to become Florida's first two-term Republican governor.[8]

During his eight years as governor, Bush was credited with initiating environmental improvements, such as conservation in the Everglades, supporting caps for medical malpractice litigation, moving medicaid recipients to private systems, and instituting reforms to the state education system, including the issuance of vouchers and promoting school choice.[9][10]

Personal life[change | change source]

Bush at a campaign stop in New Hampshire, July 2015

Bush married Columbia Bush in 1974. They have three children: George, Noelle, and John.

2016 presidential race[change | change source]

Bush announced his candidacy on June 15, 2015.[11][12][13] Bush has been high on Republican polls for president.[14]

References[change | change source]

  1. "The Education Of Jeb Bush Florida`s Popular Secretary Of Commerce Joins His Father`s Campaign For President, And Plots His Own Political Future.". Sun Sentinel. http://articles.sun-sentinel.com/1988-08-14/features/8802160886_1_jeb-bush-secretary-commerce.
  2. Tau, Byron (June 15, 2015). The Wall Street Journal "Jeb Bush Files Paperwork to Run for President". http://www.wsj.com/articles/jeb-bush-formally-announces-hell-seek-gop-presidential-nomination-1434388382=The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved June 15, 2015.
  3. Holland, Steve (June 15, 2015). Reuters "Jeb Bush vows to fix Washington as he starts White House run". http://www.reuters.com/article/2015/06/15/us-usa-election-bush-idUSKBN0OV0CW20150615=Reuters. Retrieved June 15, 2015.
  4. Barbaro, Michael; Martin, Jonathan (June 15, 2015). "In Announcing Run, Jeb Bush Plays Down His Surname". The New York Times (New York). http://www.nytimes.com/2015/06/16/us/politics/jeb-bush-presidential-campaign.html?_r=0. "Mr. Bush made a formal announcement at 3 p.m. here in the multicultural city that allowed him to escape from his family’s patrician roots in the ivy-covered walls of Connecticut and in the oil patches of Texas."
  5. Jeffers, Jr., Groomer (24 March 2012). "In Arlington, Jeb Bush says ‘stand your ground’ invalid in Trayvon Martin case". The Dallas Morning News. http://www.dallasnews.com/news/community-news/arlington/headlines/20120323-in-arlington-jeb-bush-says-stand-your-ground-invalid-in-trayvon-martin-case.ece. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
  6. Meckler, Laura (16 December 2014). "What Kind of Republican is Bush? His Time as Governor Offers Clues". Wall Street Journal. http://www.wsj.com/articles/jeb-bush-built-conservative-record-as-florida-governor-1418761689. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
  7. "States That Have Stand Your Ground Laws". Thomson Reuters. http://criminal.findlaw.com/criminal-law-basics/states-that-have-stand-your-ground-laws.html. Retrieved 1 February 2015.
  8. February 11, 2009, 8:57 PM (2009-02-11). "Jeb Bush Makes History In Florida". CBS News. http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2002/11/04/politics/main527998.shtml. Retrieved 2013-05-29.
  9. Associated, The (2006-12-14). "Gov. Jeb Bush's environmental legacy during eight years in office". Jacksonville.com. http://jacksonville.com/apnews/stories/121406/D8M0RQ0G1.shtml. Retrieved 2013-05-29.
  10. "Jeb Bush | StateImpact Florida". Stateimpact.npr.org. http://stateimpact.npr.org/florida/tag/jeb-bush/. Retrieved 2013-05-29.
  11. Diamond, Jeremy (June 4, 2015). "Jeb Bush to announce candidacy June 15". CNN. http://www.cnn.com/2015/06/04/politics/jeb-bush-2016-announcement/. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  12. Tau, Byron (June 15, 2015). The Wall Street Journal "Jeb Bush Files Paperwork to Run for President". http://www.wsj.com/articles/jeb-bush-formally-announces-hell-seek-gop-presidential-nomination-1434388382=The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved June 15, 2015.
  13. Holland, Steve (June 15, 2015). Reuters "Jeb Bush vows to fix Washington as he starts White House run". http://www.reuters.com/article/2015/06/15/us-usa-election-bush-idUSKBN0OV0CW20150615=Reuters. Retrieved June 15, 2015.
  14. Mazzei, Patricia and Sherman, Amy. “With pressure on, Jeb Bush delivers forceful speech confirming 2016 presidential candidacy”, Miami Herald (June 15, 2015).

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