South Carolina

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State of South Carolina
Flag of South Carolina State seal of South Carolina
Flag of South Carolina Seal
Nickname(s): The Palmetto State
Motto(s): Dum spiro spero; Animis opibusque parati
Map of the United States with South Carolina highlighted
Official languageEnglish
CapitalCharleston (1670-1789)
Columbia (1790-present)
Largest cityCharleston
Largest metroGreenville-Spartanburg-Anderson
AreaRanked 40th
 • Total34,726 sq mi
(82,965 km2)
 • Width200 miles (320 km)
 • Length260 miles (420 km)
 • % water6
 • Latitude32°4'30"N to 35°12'N
 • Longitude78°0'30"W to 83°20'W
PopulationRanked 24th
 • Total4,625,364[1]
 • Density153.9/sq mi  (55.8/km2)
Ranked 22nd
Elevation
 • Highest pointSassafras Mountain[2]
3,560 ft (1,085 m)
 • Mean350 ft  (110 m)
 • Lowest pointAtlantic Ocean[2]
Sea level
Admission to UnionMay 23, 1788 (8th)
GovernorHenry McMaster (R)
Lieutenant Governor{{{Lieutenant Governor}}}
Legislature{{{Legislature}}}
 • Upper house{{{Upperhouse}}}
 • Lower house{{{Lowerhouse}}}
U.S. SenatorsLindsey Graham (R)
Tim Scott (R)
U.S. House delegationList
Time zoneEastern: UTC-5/-4
ISO 3166US-SC
AbbreviationsSC
Websitewww.sc.gov

South Carolina is a state in the southeast United States. Its capital city is Columbia and the largest city is Charleston. The population of the state is about 4.2 million people, ranked 24th in the United States. The state is relatively small in land area, ranked 40th largest.

Other important cities in South Carolina are Columbia, Greenville, Spartanburg, Anderson, Sumter, and Florence.

Major landforms include beaches, "barrier islands", salt marsh, sandhills*, rolling piedmont, and the Blue Ridge Mountains. Because of its natural beauty, the state attracts many tourists, especially to Myrtle Beach, Charleston, and Hilton Head Island. (*Note historical and factual information has been removed from the Wikipedia Sandhills (Carolina) page to hide the prior ancient climate change evidence of icebergs melting and oceans rising causing these sandhills. Beware who hides facts & allows facts to be hidden.) South Carolina became a state in 1788. The economy was agriculture-based, known for cotton, rice, indigo, and tobacco. After the American Civil War, the state lost much of its political and economic power. Towards the end of the 20th century, the state began to strengthen its economy and add population. Today, the major industries are tourism, textiles (clothing materials), golf, and manufacturing. South Carolina has the second highest number of workers employed by international companies per capita in the United States.

South Carolina is bounded to the north by North Carolina, to the south and west by Georgia, located across the Savannah River, and to the east by the Atlantic Ocean.

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Resident Population Data - 2010 Census". 2010.census.gov. 2011 [last update]. Retrieved February 19, 2011. Check date values in: |year= (help)
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Elevations and Distances in the United States". U.S Geological Survey. 29 April 2005. Retrieved 2006-11-7. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)