Andrew Jackson

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Andrew Jackson
Andrew Jackson.jpg
7th President of the United States
In office
March 4, 1829 – March 3, 1837
Vice PresidentJohn C. Calhoun (1829-1832) Martin Van Buren (1833-1837)
Preceded byJohn Quincy Adams
Succeeded byMartin Van Buren
Military Governor of Florida
In office
March 10, 1821 – December 31, 1821
Appointed byJames Monroe
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byWilliam Pope Duval
United States Senator
from Tennessee
In office
March 4, 1823 – October 14, 1825
Preceded byJohn Williams
Succeeded byHugh Lawson White
In office
September 26, 1797 – April 1, 1798
Preceded byWilliam Cocke
Succeeded byDaniel Smith
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Tennessee's At-Large district
In office
December 4, 1796 – September 26, 1797
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byWilliam Claiborne
Personal details
Born(1767-03-15)March 15, 1767
Waxhaws area of South Carolina, USA
DiedJune 8, 1845(1845-06-08) (aged 78)
The Hermitage, Nashville, Tennessee, USA
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)Widowed. Rachel Donelson Robards Jackson (niece Emily Donelson Jackson and daughter-in-law Sarah Yorke Jackson were first ladies)

Andrew Jackson (March 15, 1767 – June 8, 1845) became a General in the War of 1812 and was considered to be a war hero. He became the seventh president of the United States of America. He was the first Democrat[1] and is on the twenty dollar bill. His nickname was "Old Hickory". He forced many Native Americans to leave their homeland so white people could live there, and many died. This was called the Trail of Tears.

Early life[change | change source]

As a boy Andrew Jackson was a messenger for the Continental Army. The British caught him and mistreated him.

He was the first U.S. president who was not born into a rich family. He was not a rich man and did not have a college education. He moved to Tennessee and became a politician.

Marriage[change | change source]

In 1791, he fell in love with Rachel Donelson Robards. They went through a marriage ceremony. However, the marriage was not legal because she had not been granted a divorce from her first husband. Therefore, they married legally three years later. They had no children, but they adopted several. He became rich and owned a large plantation.

Politics[change | change source]

In the 1790s Jackson was a member of the United States House of Representatives, the United States Senate, and the Supreme Court of Tennessee. In the 1800s he commanded the Tennessee Militia and fought Indians. During the War of 1812 he became a general and won the Battle of New Orleans which made him very famous. In 1823 he returned to the Senate.

Andrew Jackson reorganized the Democratic Party and was its leader.

In 1828, he defeated John Quincy Adams in the Presidential Election of 1828, he became president on March 4, 1829, and four years later he was re-elected to a second term as president. In 1832 South Carolina declared secession from the United States. Jackson threatened war, and then compromised.

In January 1835, Jackson was almost assassinated when an unemployed painter wanted to shoot him but both his guns jammed.[2] He is the first president to have had an attempted assassination.[2]

During his presidency, he signed the Indian Removal Act which allowed the U.S. government to violently force the Native Americans to move from their land and go west. Many Native Americans were killed and the path they walked to get to the west was called the Trail of Tears.

Andrew Jackson was against the national bank of the United States because he felt that banks and their banknotes were for rich and powerful people and did not serve the interests of the common man. The national bank expired during Jackson's presidency. Jackson chose not to continue the bank.

On March 4, 1837, Andrew Jackson finished his second term. After that, vice-president Martin Van Buren was elected president and continued many of the things Jackson did. Jackson was a big influence on other Democrats during the 1800s.

Legacy[change | change source]

Jackson's legacy among historians is mixed. Some have liked him because he was against aristocrats, bankers, businessmen, the British Empire, cities, and paper money, and in favor of ordinary country people. Some have disliked him for the same reasons and because he was in favor of war and slavery, and against Indians.

References[change | change source]

  1. President Andrew Jackson the First Democrat[permanent dead link] at College Term
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Andrew Jackson narrowly escapes assassination". History. Retrieved July 3, 2020.

Other websites[change | change source]