Andrew Johnson

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Andrew Johnson
Monochrome photograph of the upper body of Andrew Johnson
17th President of the United States
In office
April 15, 1865 – March 4, 1869
Vice PresidentNone[a]
Preceded byAbraham Lincoln
Succeeded byUlysses S. Grant
16th Vice President of the United States
In office
March 4, 1865 – April 15, 1865
PresidentAbraham Lincoln
Preceded byHannibal Hamlin
Succeeded bySchuyler Colfax
United States Senator
from Tennessee
In office
March 4, 1875 – July 31, 1875
Preceded byWilliam Gannaway Brownlow
Succeeded byDavid M. Key
In office
October 8, 1857 – March 4, 1862
Preceded byJames C. Jones
Succeeded byDavid T. Patterson
Military Governor of Tennessee
In office
March 12, 1862 – March 4, 1865
Appointed byAbraham Lincoln
Preceded byIsham G. Harris
(Governor of Tennessee)
Succeeded byWilliam Gannaway Brownlow
(Governor of Tennessee)
15th Governor of Tennessee
In office
October 17, 1853 – November 3, 1857
Preceded byWilliam B. Campbell
Succeeded byIsham G. Harris
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Tennessee's 1st district
In office
March 4, 1843 – March 3, 1853
Preceded byThomas Dickens Arnold
Succeeded byBrookins Campbell
Mayor of Greeneville, Tennessee
In office
1834–1835
Personal details
Born(1808-12-29)December 29, 1808
Raleigh, North Carolina
DiedJuly 31, 1875(1875-07-31) (aged 66)
Elizabethton, Tennessee
Resting placeAndrew Johnson National Cemetery
Greeneville, Tennessee
Political partyDemocratic
Other political
affiliations
National Union (1864–1868)
Spouse(s)
Eliza McCardle (m. 1827)
Children5
Parents
ProfessionTailor
SignatureCursive signature in ink
Military service
Allegiance United States[1]
Branch/serviceSeal of the United States Board of War and Ordnance.png United States Army
Years of service1862–1865
RankUnion Army brigadier general rank insignia.svg Brigadier General
Battles/warsAmerican Civil War

Andrew Johnson (December 29, 1808 – July 31, 1875) was the 16th Vice-President and 17th President of the United States.

Early life[change | change source]

Johnson was born in Raleigh, North Carolina in 1808. He was apprenticed as a tailor.[2]

Political career[change | change source]

Before becoming Vice-President, he was a Governor and U.S. Senator from Tennessee. When Tennessee and ten other Southern slave states declared they were no longer part of the United States, he was the only member from such a state to not quit his seat in the U.S. Congress. A southern Democrat, he was elected as Abraham Lincoln's vice-president on a "National Union" ticket in 1864.

He became president in 1865 after Abraham Lincoln was killed. Congress was then run by Republicans, and after Lincoln's assassination, they wanted stricter terms than Johnson did for the Reconstruction of the Southern states that had rebelled. As a result, he vetoed 29 bills passed by Congress, and is the president to have the most vetoes overridden (15) by Congress.

He was also the first President to be impeached, but was later acquitted by one vote,[3] and finished the rest of his term. The only U.S. president never to have gone to school, he was later taught to read by his wife, Eliza McCardle Johnson. The U.S. purchased Alaska from Russia for $7.2 million (the price was 2 cents per acre) while he was president.

Notes[change | change source]

  1. Johnson was Vice President under President Abraham Lincoln and became President on Lincoln's death on April 15, 1865. Prior to the adoption of the Twenty-Fifth Amendment in 1967, a vacancy in the office of Vice President was not filled until the next ensuing election and inauguration.

References[change | change source]

  1. Hodge, Carl C.; Nolan, Cathal J., eds. (2007). US Presidents and Foreign Policy. ABC-CLIO. p. 137. ISBN 9781851097906. Archived from the original on June 17, 2016. Retrieved December 4, 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  2. "biography.com".
  3. "Andrew Johnson". White House.gov. Retrieved November 4, 2013.

Other websites[change | change source]