Edwin M. Stanton

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Edwin McMasters Stanton
Edwin McMasters Stanton Secretary of War.jpg
25th United States Attorney General
In office
December 20, 1860 – March 4, 1861
PresidentJames Buchanan
Preceded byJeremiah S. Black
Succeeded byEdward Bates
27th United States Secretary of War
In office
January 20, 1862 – May 28, 1868
PresidentAbraham Lincoln (1862–1865)
Andrew Johnson (1865–1868)
Preceded bySimon Cameron
Succeeded byJohn M. Schofield
Personal details
Born(1814-12-19)December 19, 1814
Steubenville, Ohio, U.S.
DiedDecember 24, 1869(1869-12-24) (aged 55)
Washington, D.C., U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)Mary Lamson Stanton
Ellen Hutchison Stanton
Alma materKenyon College
ProfessionLawyer, Politician
Signature

Edwin McMasters Stanton (December 19, 1814 – December 24, 1869) was an American lawyer and politician. He was the United States Secretary of War under Abraham Lincoln administration during most of the American Civil War. Stanton's effective management helped organize the massive military resources of the North and guide the Union to victory under the command by Ulysses S. Grant.

Early life[change | change source]

Stanton was born in Steubenville, Ohio, the eldest of four children to David and Lucy Norman Stanton.[1] Throughout his childhood and adult life Stanton suffered from asthma. Stanton studied at Kenyon College. He was also from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Personal life[change | change source]

He was married to Mary Lamson from 1836 until her death in 1844. They had two children; Lucy Lamson and Edwin Lamson. Then he was married to Mary Hutchinson. His brother David committed suicide. Stanton died on December 24, 1869 in Washington, D.C. from respiratory failure, aged 55.

References[change | change source]

  1. "Edwin M. Stanton (1814–1869)". The Lincoln Institute. Retrieved December 18, 2010.

Other websites[change | change source]