United States Secretary of the Interior

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United States
Secretary of the Interior
Seal of the United States Department of the Interior.svg
Official Seal
Ryan Zinke official photo (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Ryan Zinke

since March 1, 2017
Formation March 8, 1849
First holder Thomas Ewing
Succession Eighth
Website www.doi.gov

The United States Secretary of the Interior is the head of the United States Department of the Interior. The Department of the Interior oversees such agencies as the Bureau of Land Management, the United States Geological Survey, and the National Park Service. The Secretary also serves on and appoints the private citizens on the National Park Foundation board. The Secretary is a member of the President's Cabinet. The Secretary typically comes from a western state; only one of the last 16 Secretaries is not identified with a state lying west of the Mississippi River. The Secretary of the Interior is eighth in the United States presidential line of succession.

Secretaries of the Interior[change | change source]

Parties

      Whig (3)       Democratic (16)       Republican (33)

Status

     Denotes acting Secretary of the Interior

No. Portrait Name State of Residence Took Office Left Office President(s)
1 ThomasEwingSr.jpg Thomas Ewing Ohio March 8, 1849 July 22, 1850 Zachary Taylor
Millard Fillmore
2 Thomas McKean Thompson McKennan.png Thomas M. T. McKennan Pennsylvania August 15, 1850 August 26, 1850
3 AxHHStuart.jpg Alexander H. H. Stuart Virginia September 14, 1850 March 7, 1853
4 Robert McClelland 1.jpg Robert McClelland Michigan March 8, 1853 March 9, 1857 Franklin Pierce
5 Jacob Thompson (ca. 1857).jpg Jacob Thompson Mississippi March 10, 1857 January 8, 1861 James Buchanan
6 CBSmith.jpg Caleb B. Smith Indiana March 5, 1861 December 31, 1862 Abraham Lincoln
7 John Palmer Usher.jpg John P. Usher Indiana January 1, 1863 May 15, 1865 Abraham Lincoln
Andrew Johnson
8 James-Harlan.jpg James Harlan Iowa May 16, 1865 August 31, 1866 Andrew Johnson
9 Orville Hickman Browning - Brady-Handy.jpg Orville H. Browning Illinois September 1, 1866 March 4, 1869 Andrew Johnson
10 Jacob Dolson Cox - Brady-Handy.jpg Jacob D. Cox Ohio March 5, 1869 October 31, 1870 Ulysses S. Grant
11 CDelano.jpg Columbus Delano Ohio November 1, 1870 September 30, 1875
12 Zachariah Chandler.jpg Zachariah Chandler Michigan October 19, 1875 March 11, 1877
13 Carl-Schurz.jpg Carl Schurz Missouri March 12, 1877 March 7, 1881 Rutherford B. Hayes
14 Samuel Jordan Kirkwood.png Samuel J. Kirkwood Iowa March 8, 1881 April 17, 1882 James A. Garfield
Chester A. Arthur
15 Henry Moore Teller.png Henry M. Teller Colorado April 18, 1882 March 3, 1885
16 Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus Lamar.png Lucius Q. C. Lamar II Mississippi March 6, 1885 January 10, 1888 Grover Cleveland
17 Vilas2.jpg William F. Vilas Wisconsin January 16, 1888 March 6, 1889
18 John Willock Noble.png John W. Noble Missouri March 7, 1889 March 6, 1893 Benjamin Harrison
19 M. Hoke Smith, 1912.jpg Hoke Smith Georgia March 6, 1893 September 1, 1896 Grover Cleveland
20 David Rowland Francis.png David R. Francis Missouri September 3, 1896 March 5, 1897
21 Cornelius Newton Bliss.jpg Cornelius N. Bliss New York March 6, 1897 February 19, 1899 William McKinley
22 EAHitchcock-SecInterior.jpg Ethan A. Hitchcock Missouri February 20, 1899 March 4, 1907
Theodore Roosevelt
23 James Rudolph Garfield.png James R. Garfield Ohio March 5, 1907 March 5, 1909
24 Richard Achilles Ballinger.png Richard A. Ballinger Washington March 6, 1909 March 12, 1911 William Howard Taft
25 Walter L. Fisher cph.3a00307.jpg Walter L. Fisher Illinois March 13, 1911 March 5, 1913
26 Franklin Knight Lane.png Franklin K. Lane California March 6, 1913 February 29, 1920 Woodrow Wilson
Alexander T. Vogelsang
Acting
California February 29, 1920 March 13, 1920
27 75px John B. Payne Illinois March 15, 1920 March 4, 1921
28 Albert Fall.jpg Albert B. Fall New Mexico March 5, 1921 March 4, 1923 Warren G. Harding
29 Hubert Work cph.3b20185.jpg Hubert Work Colorado March 5, 1923 July 24, 1928
Calvin Coolidge
30 Roy Owen West.png Roy O. West Illinois July 25, 1928 March 4, 1929
31 RayLymanWilbur.gif Ray Lyman Wilbur California March 5, 1929 March 4, 1933 Herbert Hoover
32 Ickes.gif Harold L. Ickes Illinois March 4, 1933 February 15, 1946 Franklin D. Roosevelt
Harry S. Truman
Oscar L. Chapman
Acting
Colorado February 15, 1946 March 18, 1946
33 Julius A Krug.png Julius A. Krug Wisconsin March 18, 1946 December 1, 1949
34 Oscar Littleton Chapman.png Oscar L. Chapman Colorado December 1, 1949 January 20, 1953
35 Douglas McKay.png Douglas McKay Oregon January 21, 1953 April 15, 1956 Dwight D. Eisenhower
Clarence A. Davis
Acting
Nebraska April 15, 1956 June 8, 1956
36 Seaton.gif Fred A. Seaton Nebraska June 8, 1956 January 20, 1961
37 Stewart L Udall - 1960s.gif Stewart L. Udall Arizona January 21, 1961 January 20, 1969 John F. Kennedy
Lyndon B. Johnson
38 Hickel.gif Walter J. Hickel Alaska January 24, 1969 November 25, 1970 Richard Nixon
Fred J. Russell
Acting
California November 25, 1970 January 29, 1971
39 RogersClarkBallardMorton.jpg Rogers C. B. Morton Maryland January 29, 1971 April 30, 1975
Gerald Ford
D. Kent Frizzell
Acting
Kansas April 30, 1975 June 12, 1975
40 Stanley K Hathaway.png Stanley K. Hathaway Wyoming June 12, 1975 October 9, 1975
D. Kent Frizzell
Acting
Kansas October 9, 1975 October 17, 1975
41 Thomas S Kleppe.gif Thomas S. Kleppe North Dakota October 17, 1975 January 20, 1977
Alfred G. Albert
Acting
January 20, 1977 January 23, 1977 Jimmy Carter
42 Cecil D Andrus.png Cecil D. Andrus Idaho January 23, 1977 January 20, 1981
43 James g watt.png James G. Watt Colorado January 23, 1981 November 8, 1983 Ronald Reagan
J. J. Simonds III
Acting
New Jersey November 8, 1983 November 18, 1983
44 William patrick clark.png William P. Clark California November 18, 1983 February 7, 1985
45 Donald hodel.JPG Donald P. Hodel Virginia February 8, 1985 January 20, 1989
Earl E. Gjelde
Acting
Virginia January 20, 1989 February 3, 1989 George H. W. Bush
46 Lujan manuel.jpg Manuel Lujan, Jr. New Mexico February 3, 1989 January 20, 1993
47 Bruce babbitt.jpg Bruce E. Babbitt Arizona January 22, 1993 January 2, 2001 Bill Clinton
Thomas N. Slonaker
Acting
Arizona January 2, 2001 January 31, 2001
George W. Bush
48 Gale Norton.jpeg Gale A. Norton Colorado January 31, 2001 March 31, 2006
Lynn Scarlett.jpg Lynn Scarlett
Acting
California April 1, 2006 May 26, 2006
49 Dirk Kempthorne, official Interior Dept color photo, 2006.jpg Dirk Kempthorne Idaho May 29, 2006 January 19, 2009
- Lynn Scarlett.jpg Lynn Scarlett
Acting
California January 19, 2009 January 20, 2009
Barack Obama
50 Ken Salazar official DOI portrait.jpg Ken Salazar Colorado January 20, 2009 April 12, 2013
51 Secretary Jewell and the Northwest Youth Corps (8818705428).jpg Sally Jewell Washington April 12, 2013[1] January 20, 2017
No image.svg Kevin Haugrud
Acting
January 20, 2017 March 1, 2017 Donald Trump
52 Ryan Zinke official photo (cropped).jpg Ryan Zinke Montana March 1, 2017 Present

References[change | change source]

  1. "About Secretary Jewell". U.S. Department of the Interior. http://www.doi.gov/whoweare/secretaryjewell.cfm. Retrieved 23 May 2013.