Arizona

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State of Arizona
Flag of Arizona State seal of Arizona
Flag of Arizona Seal
Nickname(s): The Grand Canyon State,
The Copper State
Motto(s): Ditat Deus
Map of the United States with Arizona highlighted
Official language English
Spoken languages English 74.1%, Spanish 19.5%, Navajo 1.9%
Capital Phoenix
Largest city Phoenix
Area Ranked 6th
 - Total 113,998 sq mi
(295,254 km2)
 - Width 310 miles (500 km)
 - Length 400 miles (645 km)
 - % water 0.32
 - Latitude 31°20'N to 37°N
 - Longitude 109°3'W to 114°50'W
Number of people Ranked 16th
 - Total 6,392,017[1]
 - Density 56.3/sq mi  (21.7/km2)
Ranked 35th
Height above sea level
 - Highest point Humphreys Peak
12,633 ft (3,851 m)
 - Average 4,100 ft  (1,250 m)
 - Lowest point Colorado River
70 ft (21 m)
Became part of the U.S. February 14, 1912 (48th)
Governor Jan Brewer (R)
U.S. Senators Jeff Flake (R)
John McCain (R)
Time zone Mountain: UTC-7
Abbreviations AZ, US-AZ
Website www.az.gov

Arizona is a state in the United States of America. It is considered part of the Southwestern United States and is bordered by New Mexico to the east, Utah to the north, Nevada to the northwest, California to the west, its northeast corner touches part of Colorado, this area is known as the Four Corners. To the south of Arizona is the country Mexico with which it shares a border of 389 miles. The state is called the "Grand Canyon State" and the "Copper State" as it is the home of the Grand Canyon and has produced large amounts of copper from its mineral deposits.

Arizona became a state on February 14, 1912 and became the 48th state accepted into the United States. The state capital is Phoenix, which also is the largest city in the state. Phoenix is the largest capital city in the US.

Arizona's climate can be very hot. In Phoenix, the average temperature is about 107 degrees Fahrenheit in summer.

Geography[change | edit source]

Saguaro at Sunset from Saguaro National Park Rincon District east of Tucson, Arizona

Arizona is the sixth largest state in area, after New Mexico and before Nevada. Of the state's 113,998 square miles (295,000 km2), about 15% is privately owned. The remaining area is public forest and park land, state trust land and Native American reservations.

Arizona is best known for its desert landscape. It has plants such as the cactus. It is also known for its climate, which has very hot summers and mild winters. Less well known is the pine-covered high country of the Colorado Plateau in the north-central part of the state.

Mountains and plateaus are found in more than half of the state. 27% of Arizona is forest.[2] The largest stand of Ponderosa pine trees in the world is in Arizona.[3]

The Grand Canyon is a colorful, steep-sided gorge. It is made by the Colorado River in northern Arizona. The canyon is one of the Seven Natural Wonders of the World. Most of the canyon is in the Grand Canyon National Park—one of the first national parks in the United States.

Arizona is home to one of the most well-kept meteorite impact sites in the world. The Barringer Meteorite Crater (better known simply as “Meteor Crater”) is a huge hole in the middle of the high plains of the Colorado Plateau. It is about 25 miles (40 km) west of Winslow. A rim of smashed and jumbled boulders, some of them the size of small houses, rises 150 feet (46 m) above the level of the surrounding plain. The crater is nearly 1 mile (1.6 km) wide, and 570 feet (170 m) deep.

Arizona is one of two states that does not observe Daylight Saving Time, except in the Navajo Nation in the northeastern part of the state.

Sports[change | edit source]

Professional sports teams in Arizona include:

Club Sport League Championships
Arizona Cardinals Football National Football League 2 (1925, 1947)
Arizona Diamondbacks Baseball Major League Baseball 1 (2001)
Phoenix Coyotes Ice hockey National Hockey League 0
Phoenix Suns Basketball National Basketball Association 0
Arizona Rattlers Arena Football Arena Football League 3 (1994, 1997, 2012)
Arizona Sundogs Ice hockey Central Hockey League 1 (2007–08)
Phoenix Mercury Basketball Women's National Basketball Association 2 (2007, 2009)
Arizona Storm Indoor Soccer Professional Arena Soccer League 0
Phoenix Monsoon Soccer National Premier Soccer League 0
FC Tucson Soccer USL Premier Development League 0
Tucson Padres Baseball Pacific Coast League 0
Yuma Scorpions Baseball Golden Baseball League 1 (2007)

Arizona has many golf courses and is home to several stops on the PGA Tour.

State symbols[change | edit source]

Related pages[change | edit source]

References[change | edit source]