Delaware

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State of Delaware
Flag of Delaware State seal of Delaware
Flag Seal
Nickname(s): The First State; The Small Wonder;[1] Blue Hen State; The Diamond State
Motto(s): Liberty and Independence
Map of the United States with Delaware highlighted
DemonymDelawarean
CapitalDover
Largest cityWilmington
AreaRanked 49th
 • Total1,982[2] sq mi
(5,130 km2)
 • Width30 miles (48 km)
 • Length96 miles (154 km)
 • % water21.5[source?]
 • Latitude38° 27′ N to 39° 50′ N
 • Longitude75° 3′ W to 75° 47′ W
PopulationRanked 45th
 • Total952,065 (2016 est.)[3]
 • Density469/sq mi  (179/km2)
Ranked 6th
 • Median household income$57,756[4] (24th)
Elevation
 • Highest pointNear the
Ebright Azimuth[5][6][7]
447.85 ft (136.50468 m)
 • Mean60 ft  (20 m)
 • Lowest pointAtlantic Ocean[5]
Sea level
Before statehoodDelaware Colony
Admission to UnionDecember 7, 1787 (1st)
GovernorJohn Carney (D)
Lieutenant GovernorBethany Hall-Long (D)
LegislatureGeneral Assembly
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseHouse of Representatives
U.S. SenatorsTom Carper (D)
Chris Coons (D)
U.S. House delegationLisa Blunt Rochester (D) (list)
Time zoneEastern: UTC −5/−4
ISO 3166US-DE
AbbreviationsDE, Del.
Websitedelaware.gov
Delaware State symbols
Flag of Delaware.svg
The Flag of Delaware.

Seal of Delaware.svg
The Seal of Delaware.

Animate insignia
Bird(s) Delaware Blue Hen
Butterfly Eastern tiger swallowtail
Fish Weakfish
Flower(s) Peach blossom
Insect 7-spotted ladybug
Tree American holly

Inanimate insignia
Beverage Milk
Colors Colonial blue, buff
Food Strawberry, peach custard pie
Fossil Belemnite
Mineral Sillimanite
Slogan(s) Endless Discoveries [8] – Formerly: It's Good Being First
Soil Greenwich
Song(s) "Our Delaware"

Route marker(s)
Delaware Route Marker

State Quarter
Quarter of Delaware
Released in 1999

Lists of United States state insignia

Delaware (/ˈdɛləwɛər/ (About this sound listen))[9] is a state in the United States. It is sometimes called the First State because it was the first colony to accept the new constitution in 1787.[10] Its capital is Dover and its biggest city is Wilmington. It is the second smallest state in the United States.

The Dutch first settled Delaware. The Swedish then took over in the mid-1600s.

Geography[change | change source]

Delaware is 96 miles (154 km) long and ranges from 9 miles (14 km) to 35 miles (56 km) across, totaling 1,954 square miles (5,060 km2), making it the second-smallest state in the United States after Rhode Island. Delaware is bounded to the north by Pennsylvania; to the east by the Delaware River, Delaware Bay, New Jersey and the Atlantic Ocean; and to the west and south by Maryland.

Topography[change | change source]

Delaware is on a level plain, with the lowest mean elevation of any state in the nation.[11] Its highest elevation, located at Ebright Azimuth, near Concord High School, is less than 450 feet (140 m) above sea level.[11]

Environment[change | change source]

The transitional climate of Delaware supports a wide variety of vegetation. In the northern third of the state are found Northeastern coastal forests and mixed oak forests typical of the northeastern United States.[12] In the southern two-thirds of the state are found Middle Atlantic coastal forests.[12] Trap Pond State Park, along with areas in other parts of Sussex County, for example, support the northernmost stands of bald cypress trees in North America.

Environmental management[change | change source]

Delaware provides government subsidy support for the clean-up of property "lightly contaminated" by hazardous waste, the proceeds for which come from a tax on wholesale petroleum sales.[13]

Sister cities and states[change | change source]

Delaware's sister state in Japan is Miyagi Prefecture.[14]

Gallery[change | change source]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Melissa Nann Burke (January 5, 2015). "Delaware a Small Wonder no more?". Delaware Online. Retrieved March 10, 2015.
  2. The State of Delaware. "State of Delaware". delaware.gov. Retrieved September 27, 2015.
  3. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. June 22, 2017. Retrieved June 22, 2017.
  4. "Median Annual Household Income". The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. Retrieved December 9, 2016.
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Elevations and Distances in the United States". United States Geological Survey. 2001. Archived from the original on October 15, 2011. Retrieved October 21, 2011.
  6. Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988.
  7. Schenck, William S. Highest Point in Delaware. Delaware Geological Survey. Archived from the original on October 20, 2008. https://web.archive.org/web/20081020055243/http://www.dgs.udel.edu/publications/Pubs/FactSheets/HighestPoint.aspx. Retrieved July 23, 2008. 
  8. Molly Murray (January 6, 2015). "Delaware's new tourism brand: Endless Discoveries". Delaware Online. Retrieved March 10, 2015.
  9. Random House Dictionary
  10. About Delaware
  11. 11.0 11.1 "Extreme and Mean Elevations by State and Other Area" (PDF). Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2004–2005. United States Census Bureau. p. 216. Retrieved March 16, 2011.
  12. 12.0 12.1 Olson; D. M; E. Dinerstein et al. (2001). "Terrestrial Ecoregions of the World: A New Map of Life on Earth". BioScience 51 (11): 933–938. doi:10.1641/0006-3568(2001)051[0933:TEOTWA]2.0.CO;2. ISSN 0006-3568. Archived from the original on October 14, 2011. https://web.archive.org/web/20111014034322/http://gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder/. 
  13. Montgomery, Jeff (May 14, 2011). "Cleaning up contamination". The News Journal. New Castle, Delaware: Gannett. DelawareOnline. Archived from the original on May 14, 2011. Retrieved May 14, 2011. The first online page is archived; the page containing information related here is not in the archived version.
  14. McDowell; Sen. McBride; Rep. George (March 22, 2011). "Mourning Those Lost in the Recent Earthquake and Related Disasters that have Befallen Japan, and Expressing the Thoughts and Prayers of All Delawareans for the Citizens of Our Sister State of Miyagi Prefecture During These Difficult Times" (published March 23, 2011). Senate Joint Resolution # 3. Retrieved April 22, 2011.

Other websites[change | change source]

Coordinates: 39°00′N 75°30′W / 39°N 75.5°W / 39; -75.5