Delaware

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State of Delaware
Flag of Delaware State seal of Delaware
Flag Seal
Nickname(s):
The First State; The Small Wonder;[1] Blue Hen State; The Diamond State
Motto(s): Liberty and Independence
State song(s): "Our Delaware"
Map of the United States with Delaware highlighted
DemonymDelawarean
CapitalDover
Largest cityWilmington
AreaRanked 49th
 • Total1,982[2] sq mi
(5,130 km2)
 • Width30 miles (48 km)
 • Length96 miles (154 km)
 • % water21.7[3]
 • Latitude38° 27′ N to 39° 50′ N
 • Longitude75° 3′ W to 75° 47′ W
PopulationRanked 45th
 • Total961,939 (2017 est.)[4]
 • Density469/sq mi  (179/km2)
Ranked 6th
 • Median household income$57,756[5] (24th)
Elevation
 • Highest pointNear the
Ebright Azimuth[6][7][8]
447.85 ft (136.50468 m)
 • Mean60 ft  (20 m)
 • Lowest pointAtlantic Ocean[6]
Sea level
Before statehoodDelaware Colony, New Netherland, New Sweden
Admission to UnionDecember 7, 1787 (1st)
GovernorJohn Carney (D)
Lieutenant GovernorBethany Hall-Long (D)
LegislatureGeneral Assembly
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseHouse of Representatives
U.S. SenatorsTom Carper (D)
Chris Coons (D)
U.S. House delegationLisa Blunt Rochester (D) (list)
Time zoneEastern: UTC −5/−4
ISO 3166US-DE
AbbreviationsDE, Del.
Websitedelaware.gov
Delaware state symbols
Flag of Delaware.svg
Seal of Delaware.svg
Living insignia
BirdDelaware Blue Hen
ButterflyEastern tiger swallowtail
Wildlife animalGrey fox
FishWeakfish
FlowerPeach blossom
Insect7-spotted ladybug
TreeAmerican holly
Inanimate insignia
BeverageMilk
ColorsColonial blue, buff
FoodStrawberry, peach custard pie
FossilBelemnite
MineralSillimanite
SloganEndless Discoveries [9] – Formerly: It's Good Being First
SoilGreenwich
State route marker
Delaware state route marker
State quarter
Delaware quarter dollar coin
Released in 1999
Lists of United States state symbols

Delaware (/ˈdɛləwɛər/ (About this soundlisten))[10] is a state in the United States. It is sometimes called the First State because it was the first colony to accept the new constitution in 1787.[11] Its capital is Dover and its biggest city is Wilmington. It is the second smallest state in the United States.

The Dutch first settled Delaware. The Swedish then took over in the mid-1600s.

Geography[change | change source]

Delaware is 96 miles (154 km) long and ranges from 9 miles (14 km) to 35 miles (56 km) across, totaling 1,954 square miles (5,060 km2), making it the second-smallest state in the United States after Rhode Island. Delaware is bounded to the north by Pennsylvania; to the east by the Delaware River, Delaware Bay, New Jersey and the Atlantic Ocean; and to the west and south by Maryland.

Topography[change | change source]

Delaware is on a level plain, with the lowest mean elevation of any state in the nation.[12] Its highest elevation, located at Ebright Azimuth, near Concord High School, is less than 450 feet (140 m) above sea level.[12]

Environment[change | change source]

The transitional climate of Delaware supports a wide variety of vegetation. In the northern third of the state are found Northeastern coastal forests and mixed oak forests typical of the northeastern United States.[13] In the southern two-thirds of the state are found Middle Atlantic coastal forests.[13] Trap Pond State Park, along with areas in other parts of Sussex County, for example, support the northernmost stands of bald cypress trees in North America.

Environmental management[change | change source]

Delaware provides government subsidy support for the clean-up of property "lightly contaminated" by hazardous waste, the proceeds for which come from a tax on wholesale petroleum sales.[14]

Sister cities and states[change | change source]

Delaware's sister state in Japan is Miyagi Prefecture.[15]

Gallery[change | change source]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Nann Burke, Melissa (January 5, 2015). "Delaware a Small Wonder no more?". Delaware Online. Retrieved March 10, 2015.
  2. The State of Delaware. "State of Delaware". delaware.gov. Retrieved September 27, 2015.
  3. USGS, Howard Perlman,. "Area of each state that is water". water.usgs.gov.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
  4. "Delaware: Population estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. July 1, 2017. Retrieved May 6, 2017.
  5. "Median Annual Household Income". The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. Retrieved December 9, 2016.
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Elevations and Distances in the United States". United States Geological Survey. 2001. Archived from the original on October 15, 2011. Retrieved October 21, 2011. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  7. Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988.
  8. Schenck, William S. Highest Point in Delaware. Delaware Geological Survey. Archived from the original on October 20, 2008. https://web.archive.org/web/20081020055243/http://www.dgs.udel.edu/publications/Pubs/FactSheets/HighestPoint.aspx. Retrieved July 23, 2008. 
  9. Molly Murray (January 6, 2015). "Delaware's new tourism brand: Endless Discoveries". Delaware Online. Retrieved March 10, 2015.
  10. Random House Dictionary
  11. About Delaware
  12. 12.0 12.1 "Extreme and Mean Elevations by State and Other Area" (PDF). Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2004–2005. United States Census Bureau. p. 216. Retrieved March 16, 2011.
  13. 13.0 13.1 Olson; D. M; E. Dinerstein et al. (2001). "Terrestrial Ecoregions of the World: A New Map of Life on Earth". BioScience 51 (11): 933–938. doi:10.1641/0006-3568(2001)051[0933:TEOTWA]2.0.CO;2. ISSN 0006-3568. Archived from the original on October 14, 2011. https://web.archive.org/web/20111014034322/http://gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder/. 
  14. Montgomery, Jeff (May 14, 2011). "Cleaning up contamination". The News Journal. New Castle, Delaware: Gannett. DelawareOnline. Archived from the original on May 14, 2011. Retrieved May 14, 2011. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help) The first online page is archived; the page containing information related here is not in the archived version.
  15. McDowell; Sen. McBride; Rep. George (March 22, 2011). "Mourning Those Lost in the Recent Earthquake and Related Disasters that have Befallen Japan, and Expressing the Thoughts and Prayers of All Delawareans for the Citizens of Our Sister State of Miyagi Prefecture During These Difficult Times" (published March 23, 2011). Senate Joint Resolution # 3. Retrieved April 22, 2011.

Other websites[change | change source]

Coordinates: 39°00′N 75°30′W / 39°N 75.5°W / 39; -75.5