Illinois

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State of Illinois
Flag of Illinois State seal of Illinois
Flag of Illinois Seal
Nickname(s): Land of Lincoln, The Prairie State
Motto(s): State sovereignty, national union
Map of the United States with Illinois highlighted
Official languageEnglish
CapitalSpringfield
Largest cityChicago
AreaRanked 25th
 • Total57,918 sq mi
(149,998 km2)
 • Width210 miles (340 km)
 • Length390 miles (629 km)
 • % water4.0
 • Latitude36°58'N to 42°30'N
 • Longitude87°30'W to 91°30'W
PopulationRanked 5th
 • Total12,419,293
 • Density223.4/sq mi  (86.27/km2)
Ranked 11th
 • Median household income$45,787[1] (18th)
Elevation
 • Highest pointCharles Mound[2]
1,235 ft (377 m)
 • Mean600 ft  (182 m)
 • Lowest pointMississippi River[2]
279 ft (85 m)
Admission to UnionDecember 3, 1818 (21st)
GovernorJ.B. Pritzker (D)
Lieutenant Governor{{{Lieutenant Governor}}}
Legislature{{{Legislature}}}
 • Upper house{{{Upperhouse}}}
 • Lower house{{{Lowerhouse}}}
U.S. SenatorsRichard Durbin (D)
Tammy Duckworth (D)
U.S. House delegationList
Time zoneCentral: UTC-6/-5
ISO 3166US-IL
AbbreviationsIL
Websitewww.illinois.gov

Illinois is a state in the United States. Its capital is Springfield and its largest city is Chicago. It is bordered to the north by Wisconsin, to the west by Iowa and below that, by Missouri (both borders are along the Mississippi River). To the south-east, Illinois is bordered along the Ohio River by Kentucky and to the east by Indiana. Illinois' northeasternmost boundary is to Lake Michigan.

History[change | change source]

Illinois became a state on December 3, 1818. Illinois was the first state to ratify the 13th Amendment to the Constitution which helped abolished slavery in the United States.[3]

Three U.S. presidents have been elected while living in Illinois: Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant, and Barack Obama. Additionally, Ronald Reagan, whose political career was based in California, was the only US President born and raised in Illinois.

Economy[change | change source]

Illinois has a diverse economy. Chicago is a major center for transportation and business. Central and northern Illinois is mostly used for agriculture. The south produces many natural resources such as coal, timber and petroleum.[4]

Government[change | change source]

Illinois was once known to be a swing state (voted for either Democratic Party or the Republican Party). Today, Illinois is known to be a blue state in which it votes for the Democratic Party. The last time Illinois voted for a Republican president was in 1988 for George H.W. Bush.

J. B. Pritzker (D) is the current Governor of Illinois. It has two senators; Dick Durbin (D) and Tammy Duckworth (D).

Population[change | change source]

Illinois has the average population of 12,419,293 people since 2010. Most of the people living in Illinois live near the city of Chicago.

People from Illinois[change | change source]

Famous Illinoisans include:

State symbols[change | change source]

In Illinois, school children voted to select the state bird, state flower, and state tree. The state bird is the cardinal. The state flower of Illinois is the violet. The state tree is the white oak.

Illinois's seal has an eagle in a prairie. Across a river, behind the eagle is a rising sun. The eagle stands for the United States. The prairie reminds Illinoisans of their land. The two dates on the seal, 1818 and 1868, are the year that Illinois became a state and the year that the state seal was designed. The state flag includes the state seal.

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]