|State of Illinois|
|Nickname(s): Land of Lincoln, The Prairie State|
|Motto(s): State sovereignty, national union|
|- Total||57,918 sq mi
|- Width||210 miles (340 km)|
|- Length||390 miles (629 km)|
|- % water||4.0|
|- Latitude||36°58'N to 42°30'N|
|- Longitude||87°30'W to 91°30'W|
|Number of people||Ranked 5th|
|- Density||223.4/sq mi (86.27/km2)
|- Average income||$45,787 (18th)|
|Height above sea level|
|- Highest point||Charles Mound
1,235 ft (377 m)
|- Average||600 ft (182 m)|
|- Lowest point||Mississippi River
279 ft (85 m)
|Became part of the U.S.||December 3, 1818 (21st)|
|Governor||Bruce Rauner (R)|
|U.S. Senators||Richard Durbin (D)
Tammy Duckworth (D)
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Illinois is a state in the United States. Its capital is Springfield and its largest city is Chicago. It is bordered to the north by Wisconsin, to the west by Iowa and below that, by Missouri (both borders are along the Mississippi River). To the south-east, Illinois is bordered along the Ohio River by Kentucky and to the east by Indiana. Illinois' northeasternmost boundary is to Lake Michigan.
History[change | change source]
Three U.S. presidents have been elected while living in Illinois: Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant, and Barack Obama. Additionally, Ronald Reagan, whose political career was based in California, was the only US President born and raised in Illinois.
Economy[change | change source]
Illinois has a diverse economy. Chicago is a major center for transportation and business. Central and northern Illinois is mostly used for agriculture. The south produces many natural resources such as coal, timber and petroleum.
Government[change | change source]
Illinois was once known to be a swing state (voted for either Democratic Party or the Republican Party). Today, Illinois is known to be a blue state in which it votes for the Democratic Party. The last time Illinois voted for a Republican president was in 1988 for George H.W. Bush.
Population[change | change source]
Illinois has the average population of 12,419,293 people since 2010. Most of the people living in Illinois live near the city of Chicago.
People from Illinois[change | change source]
Famous Illinoisans include:
- 16th President Abraham Lincoln
- 18th President Ulysses S. Grant
- 40th President Ronald Reagan
- 44th President Barack Obama
- First Lady Michelle Obama
- Former First Lady, Senator of New York, and Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton
- Architect Frank Lloyd Wright
- Mayor of Chicago Richard M. Daley
- Former First Lady Betty Ford
- Actor Harrison Ford
- Movie critic Roger Ebert
- Animator Walt Disney
- Actress Betty White
- Social Worker Jane Addams
- Scout Wild Bill Hickok
- Comedian Jack Benny
- NBA player Dwyane Wade
State symbols[change | change source]
Illinois's seal has an eagle in a prairie. Across a river, behind the eagle is a rising sun. The eagle stands for the United States. The prairie reminds Illinoisans of their land. The two dates on the seal, 1818 and 1868, are the year that Illinois became a state and the year that the state seal was designed. The state flag includes the state seal.
Related pages[change | change source]
- List of cities in Illinois
- List of counties in Illinois
- List of rivers of Illinois
- List of settlements in Illinois
References[change | change source]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Illinois|
- "US Census Bureau, median household income by state 2004". http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/income/income04/statemhi.html. Retrieved 2006-07-01.
- "Elevations and Distances in the United States". U.S Geological Survey. 29 April 2005. http://erg.usgs.gov/isb/pubs/booklets/elvadist/elvadist.html#Highest. Retrieved 2006-11-6.
- "Bruce Rauner ousts Illinois Gov. Pat Quinn". Politico.com. http://www.politico.com/story/2014/11/2014-illinois-election-results-bruce-rauner-pat-quinn-112547.html. Retrieved November 5, 2014.
- "Interesting Facts About Illinois". Interesting State Facts.com. http://www.interestingstatefacts.com/interesting-facts-about-illinois.php. Retrieved 2013-07-22.
- "Illinois – U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)". Eia.gov. April 19, 2012. http://www.eia.gov/state/state-energy-profiles.cfm?sid=IL. Retrieved April 29, 2012.