|67th United States Secretary of State|
January 21, 2009 – February 1, 2013
|Preceded by||Condoleezza Rice|
|Succeeded by||John Kerry|
|United States Senator
from New York
January 3, 2001 – January 21, 2009
|Preceded by||Daniel Patrick Moynihan|
|Succeeded by||Kirsten Gillibrand|
|First Lady of the United States|
January 20, 1993 – January 20, 2001
|Preceded by||Barbara Bush|
|Succeeded by||Laura Bush|
|First Lady of Arkansas|
January 11, 1983 – December 12, 1992
|Preceded by||Gay Daniels White|
|Succeeded by||Betty Tucker|
January 9, 1979 – January 19, 1981
|Preceded by||Barbara Pryor|
|Succeeded by||Gay Daniels White|
|Born||October 26, 1947
Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
|Political party||Democratic Party (1968–present)|
|Republican Party (before 1968)|
|Spouse(s)||Bill Clinton (m. 1975-present)|
|Residence||Chappaqua, New York|
|Alma mater||Wellesley College
Yale Law School
From 2009 to 2013, she was the 67th Secretary of State, serving under President Barack Obama. Before that, she was the junior United States Senator from New York from 2001 to 2009. She is married to former President of the United States Bill Clinton in 1975. When her husband was president, she had the title of First Lady of the United States. She was a candidate in the 2008 election of a new President. She is a member of the Democratic Party.
She is a lawyer and was the First Lady of Arkansas before being First Lady of the United States. She began her first term as Senator January 3, 2001.
Hillary Clinton was the first former First Lady to be elected to the U.S. Senate and to hold a federal cabinet-level position. She ran for re-election to the Senate in 2006, which she won, and was considered by many in the media and politics as having a good chance to win in the race for the Democratic Party's US presidential nomination in 2008, but she lost to Barack Obama.
Early life and education[change | change source]
Hillary Diane Rodham was born in Chicago. She was raised in Park Ridge, a suburb located 15 miles (24 km) northwest of downtown Chicago. Her parents were Hugh E. Rodham and Dorothy Emma Howell Rodham. She is of Welsh, English, French and French Canadian ancestry. Hillary grew up with two younger brothers, Hugh and Tony.
In 1969, Rodham entered Yale Law School. She received a Juris Doctor (J.D.) degree from Yale in 1973. Then, she began a year of post-graduate study on children and medicine at the Yale Child Study Center.
First Lady of the United States (1993-2001)[change | change source]
When she was First Lady, she tried to change the health care system. Some people did not like it when the planning meetings were kept secret away from the public. In the end, too many people did not want the changes that she wanted.
Another major event during the time she was First Lady was when the public found out in 1998 that Bill Clinton had a sexual relationship with Monica Lewinsky in the mid 1990s. There was stress in the marriage partly because Bill had to go to trial (impeachment) because he was accused of lying to the court (during a deposition).
Senate (2001-2009)[change | change source]
When she decided that she wanted to be Senator, she chose New York even though she never lived there. Some accused her of "carpetbagging" because of this. She went on to win the election and won a second term in 2006.
When the war between the United States-led coalition and Iraq was about to start, she voted in favor of the war. Now she is opposed to the war and wants American troops to stop fighting rebel Iraqis.
2008 presidential campaign[change | change source]
Hillary Clinton had raised more money than anybody else in the 2008 Presidential campaign, but later had big money problems for her campaign by May 7, 2008. She was not picked by her party, the person who did was Barack Obama, but she campaigned for Obama after this.
United States Secretary of State (2009-2013)[change | change source]
In mid-November 2008, Obama and Clinton talked about whether she could be the next U.S. Secretary of State in his presidency. On November 21, there were reports that said Hillary Clinton had accepted his offer.
During her term as Secretary of State, Clinton used her position to make women's rights and human rights a focus of U.S. initiatives. She became one of the most traveled secretaries of state in American history. She promoted the use of social media to convey the country's positions. She also led U.S. diplomatic efforts in responding to the Arab Spring and military intervention in Libya.
Clinton did not want to serve a second term as secretary. Once Barack Obama won his re-election, he announced that John Kerry would succeed Clinton as secretary. Clinton left office on February 1, 2013.
2016 presidential campaign[change | change source]
Clinton did not want to run for president in 2016, but after much of a majority support from the Democratic party, on April 12, 2015, speculation ended as Clinton formally announced her candidacy via email and the release of a video saying, "Everyday Americans need a champion. And I want to be that champion." In recent polls, Clinton maintained her lead for the nomination although she faces several challenges from Senator Bernie Sanders.
Personal life[change | change source]
While working as a faculty member at the Law School of the University of Arkansas, she married Bill Clinton on October 11, 1975. He was also working as a faculty member at the same university. Both knew each other and were classmates at the Yale Law School. Their only child is daughter Chelsea Clinton, born on February 27, 1980.
References[change | change source]
- "Hillary Clinton Fast Facts". CNN.com. http://www.cnn.com/2012/12/20/us/hillary-clinton---fast-facts/. Retrieved 30 July 2013.
- Chozick, Amy (April 12, 2015). "Hillary Clinton Announces 2016 Presidential Bid". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2015/04/13/us/politics/hillary-clinton-2016-presidential-campaign.html.
- Roberts, Gary Boyd. "Notes on the Ancestry of Senator Hillary Rodham Clinton". New England Historic Genealogical Society. http://www.americanancestors.org/ancestry-of-senator-hillary-rodham-clinton/. Retrieved January 11, 2014.
- Bernstein 2007, pp. 17–18
- Holland, Steve (2008-11-15). "Obama, Clinton discussed secretary of state job". Reuters. http://www.reuters.com/articlePrint?articleId=USTRE4AD04820081114. Retrieved 2008-11-18.
- "Obama Set On Key Cabinet Nominees". NPR. 2008-11-21. http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=97327730. Retrieved 2008-11-21.
Other websites[change | change source]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Hillary Rodham Clinton|
- Campaign website
- Former website of Secretary Hillary Rodham Clinton
- First Lady Hillary Rodham Clinton website