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John W. Foster

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
John Watson Foster
32nd United States Secretary of State
In office
June 29, 1892 – February 23, 1893
Preceded byJames G. Blaine
Succeeded byWalter Q. Gresham
Personal details
Born(1836-03-02)March 2, 1836
Petersburg, Indiana, U.S.
DiedNovember 15, 1917(1917-11-15) (aged 81)
Political partyRepublican
ProfessionLawyer, General, Politician
Military service
Branch/serviceUnion Army
Battles/warsAmerican Civil War

John Watson Foster (March 2, 1836 – November 15, 1917) was an American general, journalist and diplomat.

Born in Pike County, Indiana, and raised in Evansville, he was a lawyer. During the American Civil War, he was a general officer for the Union.[1] The Civil war ended in 1865. Between 1865 and 1869, Foster worked as a journalist for the Evansville Daily Journal.[2] After that, he was the U.S. Minister to Mexico (1873-1880), Russia (1880-1881) and Spain (1883-1885).[2] He was U.S. Secretary of State under President Benjamin Harrison from 1892-1893.[2] In 1895, he helped the Qing Dynasty in drafting the Treaty of Shimonoseki of 1895. He worked for the Chinese as a legal consultant and commissioner.[2]

His grandchildren included John Foster Dulles, who also became a U.S. Secretary of State,[2] Allen Welsh Dulles, a Director of Central Intelligence,[3] and Eleanor Lansing Dulles, economist and diplomat.[4] He is also the great-grandfather of the Catholic theologian Cardinal Avery Dulles.[3]

References[change | change source]

  1. "The Political Graveyard". Retrieved 2010-01-08.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 "John W. Foster". Archived from the original on 2010-04-07. Retrieved 2010-01-08.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Cardinal Avery Dulles dies". Retrieved 2010-01-08.
  4. "Selected Papers of John W. Foster". Archived from the original on 2010-07-15. Retrieved 2010-01-08.

Other websites[change | change source]

Preceded by
Thomas H. Nelson
U.S. Minister to Mexico
Succeeded by
Philip H. Morgan
Preceded by
Edwin W. Stoughton
U.S. Minister to Russia
Succeeded by
William H. Hunt
Preceded by
Hannibal Hamlin
U.S. Minister to Spain
Succeeded by
Jabez L. M. Curry