Charles Evans Hughes

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Charles Evans Hughes
Charles Evans Hughes cph.3b15401.jpg
11th Chief Justice of the United States
In office
February 13, 1930[1] – June 30, 1941
Nominated byHerbert Hoover
Preceded byWilliam Howard Taft
Succeeded byHarlan F. Stone
44th United States Secretary of State
In office
March 5, 1921 – March 4, 1925
PresidentWarren G. Harding
Calvin Coolidge
Preceded byBainbridge Colby
Succeeded byFrank B. Kellogg
Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
In office
October 10, 1910 – June 10, 1916
Nominated byWilliam Howard Taft
Preceded byDavid Josiah Brewer
Succeeded byJohn Hessin Clarke
36th Governor of New York
In office
January 1, 1907 – October 6, 1910
LieutenantLewis Chanler (1907–1909)
Horace White (1909–1910)
Preceded byFrank W. Higgins
Succeeded byHorace White
Personal details
Born(1862-04-11)April 11, 1862
Glens Falls, New York, U.S.
DiedAugust 27, 1948(1948-08-27) (aged 86)
Osterville, Massachusetts, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)Antoinette Carter Hughes
Children4
Alma materMadison University,
Brown University,
Columbia University
ProfessionPolitician, Lawyer, Professor, Judge.
ReligionBaptist

Charles Evans Hughes, Sr. (April 11, 1862 – August 27, 1948) was an American statesman, lawyer and Republican politician from New York.

He served as the 36th Governor of New York (1907–1910), Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States (1910–1916), United States Secretary of State (1921–1925), a judge on the Court of International Justice (1928–1930), and the 11th Chief Justice of the United States (1930–1941). He was the Republican candidate in the 1916 U.S. Presidential election, losing narrowly to Woodrow Wilson.

Hughes was a professor in the 1890s, a supporter of Britain's New Liberalism,[2] an important leader of the progressive movement of the 20th century, a leading diplomat and New York lawyer in the days of Harding and Coolidge, and was known for being a swing voter when dealing with cases related to the New Deal in the 1930s.[2] Historian Clinton Rossiter has hailed him as a leading American conservative.[3]

On August 27, 1948, Hughes died in what is now the Tiffany Cottage of the Wianno Club in Osterville, Massachusetts. His remains are buried at Woodlawn Cemetery in Bronx, New York.[4]

More reading[change | change source]

  • Hall, Kermit L., ed. The Oxford Companion to the Supreme Court of the United States. Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, 1992. ISBN 0-19-505835-6; ISBN 978-0-19-505835-2.
  • Martin, Fenton S. and Goehlert, Robert U., The U.S. Supreme Court: A Bibliography, (Congressional Quarterly Books, 1990). ISBN 0-87187-554-3.
  • Perkins, Dexter, Charles Evans Hughes and American democratic statesmanship (Boston: Little, Brown, 1956).
  • Pusey, Merlo J., Charles Evans Hughes, 2 vol. (New York: Macmillan, 1951).. the standard scholarly biography
  • Shesol, Jeff. Supreme Power: Franklin Roosevelt vs. The Supreme Court (W.W. Norton, 2010)
  • Simon, James F., FDR and Chief Justice Hughes: The President, the Supreme Court, and the Epic Battle Over the New Deal (Simon & Schuster, Forthcoming, February 2012).

References[change | change source]

  1. "Federal Judicial Center: Charles Evans Hughes". 2009-12-12. Retrieved 12 December 2009.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Charles Evans Hughes and the Strange Death of Liberal America". Archived from the original on 2 August 2012. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
  3. Clinton Rossiter, Conservatism in America (1962) p. 174
  4. "Christensen, George A. (1983) Here Lies the Supreme Court: Gravesites of the Justices, Yearbook". Supreme Court Historical Society. Archived from the original on 2005-09-03. Retrieved 24 November 2013.

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Charles Evans Hughes at Wikimedia Commons