Rahm Emanuel

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Rahm Emanuel
55th Mayor of Chicago
Incumbent
Assumed office
May 16, 2011
Preceded by Richard Daley
23rd White House Chief of Staff
In office
January 20, 2009 – October 1, 2010
President Barack Obama
Deputy Mona Sutphen
Jim Messina
Preceded by Joshua Bolten
Succeeded by Pete Rouse (Acting)
Chairman of the House Democratic Caucus
In office
January 3, 2007 – January 3, 2009
Preceded by Jim Clyburn
Succeeded by John Larson
Chairman of the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee
In office
January 3, 2005 – January 3, 2007
Preceded by Bob Matsui
Succeeded by Chris Van Hollen
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Illinois's 5th district
In office
January 3, 2003 – January 3, 2009
Preceded by Rod Blagojevich
Succeeded by Mike Quigley
Senior Advisor to the President
for Policy and Strategy
In office
1993–1998
President Bill Clinton
Personal details
Born November 29, 1959 (1959-11-29) (age 57)
Chicago, Illinois, United States
Political party Democratic Party
Spouse(s) Amy Rule
Children 1 son
2 daughters
Alma mater Sarah Lawrence College
Northwestern University
Religion Judaism
Signature

Rahm Israel Emanuel[1] (how to say: /ˈrɑːm/; born November 29, 1959) is an American politician. He is the 55th and current Mayor of Chicago.[2][3]

Early life[change | change source]

Emanuel was born on November 29, 1959 in Chicago, Illinois to a Jewish family. He studied at Sarah Lawrence College and at Northwestern University.

Political career[change | change source]

U.S. representative (2003-2009)[change | change source]

He was a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives, representing Illinois's 5th congressional district, from 2003 until his resignation in 2009 to become a member of the Obama Administration. He is the first Jewish mayor of Chicago.[3]

Emanuel was chair of the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee during the 2006 mid-term elections and remained a top strategist for House Democrats during the 2008 cycle. After Democrats regained control of the House in 2006, Emanuel was elected chairman of the Democratic Caucus. This made him the fourth-ranking House Democrat, behind Speaker Nancy Pelosi, Majority Leader Steny Hoyer and Majority Whip Jim Clyburn.[4]

White House Chief of Staff (2009-2010)[change | change source]

Two days after Obama's election victory, Emanuel was announced as Obama's designee for White House Chief of Staff.[5] He resigned from the House on January 2, 2009, and began his duties as Chief of Staff on January 20, 2009, the day of Obama's inauguration.[5]

Mayor of Chicago (2011-present)[change | change source]

Emanuel resigned as Chief of Staff effective October 1, 2010, in order to run for Mayor of Chicago pending the announced retirement of six term incumbent Richard M. Daley.

On January 27, 2011, the Illinois Supreme Court reversed a lower court's ruling[6] that had cast doubt on Emanuel's candidacy; the court unanimously decided that Emanuel did not abandon his Chicago residency by serving in the White House, thus affirming his ability to run for mayor.[7] He won the Mayoral election on February 22, 2011, with 55% of the vote.[8] President Obama appointed William M. Daley, the brother of Emanuel's predecessor as mayor, as Chief of Staff to replace Emanuel.

Emanuel created a transition team from varied backgrounds.[9][10] On November 16, the city council voted unanimously to adopt the mayor's first budget, which decreased the budget by $34 million and increased spending by $46.2 million, supported by increasing fees and fines. Despite most Aldermen opposing cuts to library workers and the closure of mental health clinics, they ultimately supported it, calling it "honest".[11][12] At a news conference in November 2012, Emanuel listed his top three priorities for the state legislature as security and pension reform, adding a casino to Chicago, and equal marriage rights for same-sex couples.[13] At a press conference with Illinois Governor Pat Quinn, who previously vetoed legislation to put a casino in Chicago, the two were "very close" to reaching a deal.[14]

Emanuel won his second term during the run-off re-election campaign. He defeated Jesus "Chuy" Garcia. Emanuel won 56.76% of the votes.

In November and into December 2015, Emanuel has been criticized for his handling of the Laquan McDonald shooting, mainly for covering and allowing Chicago police to get away with excessive use of force on black minorities. [15] Chicago Tribune columnist John Kass wrote that the Emanuel administration withheld from the public the police dashboard camera video of the Laquan McDonald shooting in order to secure the re-election.[16] Since December 2015, over half of Chicagoans believe that Emanuel should resign with such support from the New York Times, Al Sharpton, Black Lives Matter, U.S senator Bernie Sanders and Illinois governor Bruce Rauner.

Personal life[change | change source]

While a high school student working part-time at an Arby's restaurant, Emanuel severely cut his right middle finger on a meat slicer, which was later infected from swimming in Lake Michigan. His finger was partially amputated due to the severity of the infection.[17]

Emanuel married Amy Merritt Rule in 1994. They have three children.

References[change | change source]

  1. Hendrix, Steve (2006-10-22). "Fighting for The Spoils". The Washington Post: p. D1. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/10/21/AR2006102101049_pf.html. Retrieved 2008-11-18.
  2. "Feb. 22, 2011 City of Chicago Municipal General Election". Board of Election Commissioners for the City of Chicago. 2011-02-22. http://www.chicagoelections.com/race_results.php?id=22. Retrieved 2011-02-22.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Bohn, Kevin (February 22, 2011). "Rahm Emanuel wins Chicago mayoral vote". CNN. http://www.cnn.com/2011/POLITICS/02/22/illinois.elections/. Retrieved February 23, 2011.
  4. Baker, Peter and Zeleny, Jeff (2008-11-06). "For Obama, No Time to Bask in Victory As He Starts to Build a Transition Team". New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/11/06/us/politics/06elect.html. Retrieved 2008-12-17.
  5. 5.0 5.1 O'Connor, Patrick and Mike Allen (2008-11-06). "Exclusive: Emanuel accepts White House job". politico.com. http://www.politico.com/news/stories/1108/15371.html. Retrieved 2008-12-17.
  6. http://www.state.il.us/court/Opinions/AppellateCourt/2011/1stDistrict/January/1110033.pdf
  7. Sophia Tareen,Tammy Webber (2011-01-27). "Ill. high court: Emanuel can run for Chicago mayor". MSNBC. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/41291795/ns/politics-more_politics/. Retrieved 2011-01-27.
  8. ABC News: Obama Chief of Staff Rahm Emanuel Likely to Announce White House Departure This Week
  9. Davey, Monica (February 23, 2011). "Chicago, City in Transition, Picks a Big Personality". New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2011/02/24/us/24chicago.html. Retrieved December 7, 2012.
  10. Sabella, Jen (February 24, 2011). "Rahm Emanuel Transition Team: Picks Two Daley Aides, South Side Minister". The Huffington Post. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/02/24/rahm-emanuel-transition-t_n_827702.html. Retrieved December 7, 2012.
  11. Sabella, Jen (November 16, 2011). "Chicago 2012 Budget Passes Unanimously: Rahm Emanuel's First Budget Breezes Through City Council". The Huffington Post. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/11/16/chicago-2012-budget-passe_n_1097183.html. Retrieved December 11, 2012.
  12. "City Council Approves Mayor Emanuel’s First Budget". CBS. November 16, 2011. http://chicago.cbslocal.com/2011/11/16/city-council-set-for-vote-on-mayor-emanuels-first-budget/. Retrieved December 11, 2012.
  13. Spielman, Fran (November 13, 2012). "Gay marriage Emanuel's No. 3 priority for Legislature". Chicago Sun-Times. http://www.suntimes.com/news/cityhall/16360691-418/gay-marriage-emanuels-no-3-priority-for-legislature.html. Retrieved December 6, 2012.
  14. "Mayor, Governor "Very Close" To Deal For Chicago Casino". CBS. November 30, 2012. http://chicago.cbslocal.com/2012/11/30/mayor-governor-very-close-to-deal-for-chicago-casino/. Retrieved December 6, 2012.
  15. "Rahm Emanuel ducks and dodges in Chicago". Washington Post. https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/ducking-and-dodging-in-chicago/2015/12/01/131ee90c-9877-11e5-8917-653b65c809eb_story.html. Retrieved 2 December 2015.
  16. Kass, John (NOvember 26, 2015,). "If police shooting video had been released sooner, would Emanuel be mayor". Chicago Tribune. http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/columnists/kass/ct-laquan-mcdonald-emanuel-kass-met-1126-20151125-column.html. Retrieved December 3, 2015.
  17. Stephey, M.J.; Kate Pickert (November 6, 2008). "2-min. Bio; Rahm Emanuel". TIME. http://www.time.com/time/politics/article/0,8599,1856965,00.html. Retrieved November 20, 2008.

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Rahm Emanuel at Wikimedia Commons