Anton Joseph Cermak
|44th Mayor of Chicago|
April 7, 1931 – March 6, 1933
|Preceded by||William Hale Thompson|
|Succeeded by||Frank J. Corr|
|Born||May 9, 1873|
Kladno, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary
|Died||March 6, 1933 (aged 59)|
Miami, Florida, United States
|Cause of death||Murder (gunshot wound)|
|Spouse(s)||Mary Horejs Cermak|
Biography[change | change source]
Cermak was elected president of the Cook County Board of Commissioners in 1922, chairman of the Cook County Democratic Party in 1928, and mayor of Chicago in 1931. In 1928 he ran for the United States Senate and was defeated by Republican Otis F. Glenn, receiving 46% of the vote.
His mayoral victory came in the wake of the Great Depression and the deep resentment many Chicagoans had of Prohibition and the increasing violence resulting from organized crime's control of Chicago, typified by the St. Valentine's Day Massacre.
Death[change | change source]
Cermak was mortally shot while being at a Democratic Party convention for Franklin D. Roosevelt on February 15, 1933 that was supposed attempt to assassinate Roosevelt. He died 19 days later from injury he sustained. He was 59 years old. 4 other people were also shot but received their minor injuries. Later doctors said Cermak would have lived if he had never had colitis.
Aftermath[change | change source]
His only daughter, Helena married future Governor of Illinois Otto Kerner, Jr.
References[change | change source]
Other websites[change | change source]
Media related to Anton Cermak at Wikimedia Commons