United States presidential election, 2016

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2012 United States 2020
United States presidential election, 2016
November 8, 2016
Donald Trump Pentagon 2017.jpg Hillary Clinton Arizona 2016.jpg
Nominee Donald Trump Hillary Clinton
Party Republican Democrat
Home state New York New York
Running mate Mike Pence Tim Kaine
Electoral vote 304 227
Contests won 30 + ME-02 20 + DC
Popular vote 62,984,825 65,853,516
Percentage 46.1% 48.2%
United States presidential election, 2016

Presidential election results map. Red denotes states won by Trump/Pence. Numbers indicate the number of electoral votes allotted to each state. Blue denotes states won by Clinton/Kaine.

Incumbent President
Barack Obama
Democrat
President-Elect
Donald Trump
Republican

The 2016 election for President of the United States took place on Tuesday, November 8, 2016.[dated info] On that day, voters had elected the 45th President and the 48th Vice President of the United States. Former president Barack Obama was unable to seek re-election for a third term according to the Twenty-second Amendment to the United States Constitution.

After the election, Donald Trump was named President-elect of the United States while his running mate Mike Pence was named Vice President-elect of the United States.[1] Trump received 304 electoral votes, 34 more votes than what was needed to win, while Clinton received 227.[2] Even though Clinton won the popular vote, the electoral votes decide the actual winner of the election. Trump took office on January 20, 2017.

Background[change | change source]

Article Two of the United States Constitution provides that for a person to be elected and serve as President of the United States, the individual must be a natural-born citizen of the United States, at least 35 years old, and a resident of the United States for a period of no less than 14 years.

Candidates for the presidency typically seek the nomination of one of the various political parties of the United States, in which case each party devises a method (such as a primary election) to choose the candidate the party deems best suited to run for the position. The party's delegates then officially nominate a candidate to run on the party's behalf.

Democratic Party[change | change source]

Nominees[change | change source]

Democratic Party (United States)
Democratic Party Ticket, 2016
Hillary Clinton Tim Kaine
for President for Vice President
Hillary Clinton AIPAC 2016 Speech (cropped).jpg
Kaine Campaign Event Newtown, PA (30629089635).jpg
67th
U.S. Secretary of State
(2009–2013)
U.S. Senator from Virginia
(2013-present)
Campaign
Clinton Kaine.svg
[3][4][5]

Withdrawn candidates[change | change source]

Candidates in this section are sorted by date of withdrawal from the primaries
Bernie Sanders Rocky De La Fuente Martin O'Malley Lawrence Lessig Lincoln Chafee Jim Webb
Bernie Sanders September 2015 cropped.jpg
Roque De La Fuente (cropped).jpg
Martin O'Malley (24334527435) (cropped).jpg
Lawrence Lessig speaks at NH Democratic Party 2015 (cropped).jpg
Lincoln Chafee (14103606100 cc56e38ddd h).jpg
Jim Webb (22157210588 1f74901862 o) (cropped).jpg
U.S. Senator from Vermont (2007–present)
Entrepreneur
(1979–present)
61st
Governor of Maryland
(2007–2015)
Harvard Law Professor
(2009–2016)
74th
Governor of Rhode Island
(2011–2015)
U.S. Senator
from Virginia
(2007–2013)
Campaign
Campaign
Campaign
Campaign
Campaign
Campaign
LN: July 26, 2016
13,167,848 primary votes and 1,846 delegates
LN: July 26, 2016
67,457 primary votes
W: February 1, 2016
110,423 votes
W: November 2, 2015
4 write-in votes in New Hampshire
W: October 23, 2015
0 votes
W: October 20, 2015
2 write-in votes in New Hampshire
[6]
[7]
[8][9]
[10]
[11]

Republican Party[change | change source]

Republican Party (United States)
Republican Party Ticket, 2016
Donald Trump Mike Pence
for President for Vice President
Donald Trump August 19, 2015 (cropped).jpg
Mike Pence crop.jpg
Chairman of
The Trump Organization
(1971–present)
50th
Governor of Indiana
(2013-present)
Campaign
Trump-Pence 2016.svg
[12][13][14]

Withdrawn candidates[change | change source]

Candidates in this section are sorted by date of withdrawal from race
John Kasich Ted Cruz Marco Rubio Ben Carson Jeb Bush Jim Gilmore Carly Fiorina Chris Christie
John Kasich at 2016 CPAC.jpg
Ted Cruz February 2015.jpg
Marco Rubio (24999272054) (cropped) 2.jpg
Ben Carson by Skidmore with lighting correction.jpg
Governor of Florida Jeb Bush at Southern Republican Leadership Conference, Oklahoma City, OK May 2015 by Michael Vadon 143 (cropped).jpg
Jim Gilmore 2015.jpg
Carly Fiorina NFRW 2015.jpg
Chris Christie April 2015 (cropped).jpg
69th
Governor of Ohio
(2011–present)
U.S. Senator
from Texas
(2013–present)
U.S. Senator
from Florida
(2011–present)
Dir. of Pediatric Neurosurgery,
Johns Hopkins Hospital
(1984–2013)
43rd
Governor of Florida
(1999–2007)
68th
Governor of Virginia
(1998–2002)
CEO of Hewlett-Packard
(1999–2005)
55th
Governor of New Jersey
(2010–present)
Campaign
Campaign
Campaign
Campaign
Campaign
Campaign
Campaign
Campaign
W: May 4
W: May 3
W: Mar 15
W: Mar 4
W: Feb 20
W: Feb 12
W: Feb 10
W: Feb 10
[15]
[16][17][18]
[19][20][21]
[22][23][24]
[25][26]
[27]
[28][29]
[30][31]
Rand Paul Rick Santorum Mike Huckabee George Pataki Lindsey Graham Bobby Jindal Scott Walker Rick Perry
Rand Paul (18800541875) (cropped).jpg
Rick Santorum by Gage Skidmore 8 (cropped2).jpg
Mike Huckabee by Gage Skidmore 6 (cropped).jpg
Governor of New York George Pataki at Northeast Republican Leadership Conference Philadelphia PA June 2015 NRLC by Michael Vadon 07 (cropped).jpg
Lindsey Graham by Gage Skidmore 3.jpg
Bobby Jindal August 2015.jpg
Governor of Wisconsin Scott Walker at New Hampshire Education Summit. The Seventy-Four August 19th, 2015 by Michael Vadon 10 (cropped).jpg
Rick Perry (20639586210) (cropped).jpg
U.S. Senator
from Kentucky
(2011–present)
U.S. Senator
from Pennsylvania
(1995–2007)
44th
Governor of Arkansas
(1996–2007)
53rd
Governor of New York
(1995–2006)
U.S. Senator
from South Carolina
(2003–present)
55th
Governor of Louisiana
(2008–2016)
45th
Governor of Wisconsin
(2011–present)
47th
Governor of Texas
(2000–2015)
Campaign
Campaign
Campaign
Campaign
Campaign
Campaign
Campaign
Campaign
W: Feb 3
W: Feb 3
W: Feb 1
W: Dec 29, 2015
W: Dec 21, 2015
W: Nov 17, 2015
W: Sept 21, 2015
W: Sept 11, 2015
[32][33][34]
[35][36]
[37][38]
[39]
[40][41]
[42][43]
[44][45]
[46][47]

Major third parties[change | change source]

Constitution Party[change | change source]

Ballot access to 207 electoral votes (451 with write-in):[48][49]

     On ballot      Write-in      Not on ballot
  • As write-in: Alabama, Arizona, Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Maine, Maryland, Montana, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Rhode Island, Tennessee, Texas, Vermont, Virginia[48][50][51][52][53]
  • No ballot access: California, District of Columbia, Massachusetts, North Carolina, Oklahoma

Nominees[change | change source]

Constitution Party ticket, 2016
Darrell Castle Scott Bradley
for President for Vice President
DCastle08.jpg
Attorney
from Memphis, Tennessee
Businessman
from Utah
Campaign
Castle 2016 logo, flat.png
[54]

Green Party[change | change source]

Ballot access for the Green Party     On ballot     Not on ballot, write-in access     Not on ballot

Ballot access to 493(451) electoral votes:[55] Ballot access currently in process: North Dakota, Rhode Island, Wyoming

States currently under litigation for ballot access: Nevada, Oklahoma

States with no ballot access: South Dakota
As write-in: Georgia, Indiana, North Carolina.[56][57]

Nominees[change | change source]

Green Party (United States)
Presumptive Green Party Ticket, 2016
Jill Stein Ajamu Baraka
for President for Vice President
Jill Stein cropped.jpg
Ajamu-Baraka.jpg
Physician
from Lexington, Massachusetts
Activist
from Washington, D.C.
Campaign
SteinBaraka.png
[58]

Other active candidates[change | change source]

Withdrawn candidates[change | change source]

Independents[change | change source]

     Access to ballot      Write-in

Ballot access to 84 electoral votes (451 with write-in):[61]

  • As write-in: Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, California, Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Illinois, Kansas, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Dakota, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Tennessee, Texas, Vermont, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin[61][62][63][64][65][66][67]
  • No ballot access: District of Columbia, Florida, Hawaii, Indiana, Mississippi, Nevada, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wyoming
Independent ticket, 2016
Evan McMullin Mindy Finn
for President for Vice President
Evan McMullin 2016-10-21 headshot.jpg
Mindy Finn at CAP (cropped).jpg
Chief policy director for the
House Republican Conference (2015–2016)
President of
Empowered Women
(2015–present)
Campaign
EvanMcMullinMindyFinn2016.png
[68]

Libertarian Party[change | change source]

Ballot access for the Libertarian Party     On ballot

Ballot access to all 538 electoral votes[69]

Nominees[change | change source]

Libertarian Party Ticket, 2016
Gary Johnson William Weld
for President for Vice President
Gary Johnson campaign portrait.jpg
Bill Weld campaign portrait.jpg
29th
Governor of New Mexico
(1995–2003)
68th
Governor of Massachusetts
(1991-1997)
Campaign
Johnson Weld 2016 2.png
[70][71]

Withdrawn candidates[change | change source]

Other parties[change | change source]

American Freedom Party[change | change source]

Ballot Access to 6 electoral votes: Mississippi[81]

  • Bob Whitaker, white nationalist and paleoconservative political activist from South Carolina.[82] Vice-presidential nominee: Tom Bowie, from Maryland[83]

Independent American Party[change | change source]

Ballot Access to 18 Electoral Votes: New Mexico, Oregon, Utah[84]

  • Farley Anderson, activist from Utah.[84] Vice Presidential nominee: Vacant

Party for Socialism and Liberation[change | change source]

Ballot Access to 29 electoral votes: Florida[85]

Prohibition Party[change | change source]

Ballot Access to 21 electoral votes: Arkansas, Colorado, Mississippi[87][88][89]

  • James Hedges, Tax Assessor for Thompson Township, Fulton County, Pennsylvania 2002–2007;[90][91] vice-presidential nominee: Bill Bayes of Mississippi[90]

Peace and Freedom Party[change | change source]

Ballot Access to 84 electoral votes: California, Florida[92][93]

  • Gloria La Riva, newspaper printer and activist, from New Mexico[94]

Socialist Party USA[change | change source]

Ballot Access to 0 electoral votes[89]

  • Mimi Soltysik, former National Co-chair of the Socialist Party USA from California;[95] vice-presidential nominee: Angela Walker of Wisconsin[95]

Nutrition Party[change | change source]

Ballot Access to 9 electoral votes: Colorado[87]

  • Rod Silva, restaurateur from New Jersey;[96][97] Vice-presidential nominee: Vacant

Veterans Party of America[change | change source]

Ballot Access to 6 electoral votes: Mississippi[98]

  • Chris Keniston, reliability engineer from Texas;[99] vice-presidential nominee: Deacon Taylor of Nevada[100]

Workers World Party[change | change source]

Ballot Access to 0 electoral votes

  • Monica Moorehead, perennial candidate and activist from New Jersey;[101] vice-Presidential nominee: Lamont Lilly[101]

Battleground states[change | change source]

Battleground states during the election were: Nevada, Georgia, Michigan, Pennsylvania, Florida, New Hampshire, Maine, Ohio and North Carolina. Trump won Georgia, Michigan, Pennsylvania, Ohio, North Carolina, Florida and a congressional district in Maine. Clinton won Nevada, New Hampshire and Maine. Wisconsin, Michigan and Pennsylvania were seen as likely 'Blue' states, but Trump won all three states in what was seen as a political upset.

Party conventions[change | change source]

Map of United States showing Philadelphia, Cleveland, and Orlando
Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Cleveland
Cleveland
Orlando
Orlando
Houston
Houston
Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
     Democratic Party

     Republican Party      Libertarian Party      Green Party

     Constitution Party
Democratic Party
Republican Party
Green Party
  • August 4–7, 2016: Green National Convention was held in Houston, Texas.[105][106]
Libertarian Party
Constitution Party
  • April 13–16, 2016: Constitution Party National Convention was held in Salt Lake City, Utah.[109]

Debates[change | change source]

On April 1, 2015, the Commission on Presidential Debates a (CPD) announced that each of the following 16 locations are under consideration to host one of the three presidential debates and one vice presidential debate:[110]

The three locations which will host the presidential debates and the one location selected to host the vice presidential debate are to be announced by the CPD in the fall of 2015.[111][110]

Results[change | change source]

Candidate Party Votes % Electoral votes
Donald Trump Republican 62,984,825 46.09% 304
Hillary Clinton Democratic 65,853,516 48.18% 227
Colin Powell Republican 25 0.00% 3
Bernie Sanders Independent 111,850 0.08% 1
John Kasich Republican 2,684 0.00% 1
Ron Paul Libertarian 124 0.00% 1
Faith Spotted Eagle None 0 0.00% 1
Gary Johnson Libertarian 4,489,221 3.28% 0
Jill Stein Green Party 1,457,216 1.07% 0
Evan McMullin Independent 731,788 0.54% 0
Darrell Castle Constitution 203,010 0.15% 0
Gloria La Riva Peace and Freedom 74,392 0.05% 0
Others 760,586 0.56% 0
Total 136,669,237 100% 538

Margin of victory[change | change source]

  • Blue shows Clinton's margin of victory over Trump, while red shows Trump's margin of victory over Clinton.
State Trump % Clinton % Margin
Alabama 62.1% 34.4% 27.7%
Alaska 51.3% 36.6% 14.7%
Arizona 48.7% 45.1% 3.6%
Arkansas 60.6% 33.7% 26.9%
California 31.6% 61.7% 30.1%
Colorado 43.3% 48.2% 4.9%
Connecticut 40.9% 54.6% 13.7%
Delaware 41.7% 53.1% 11.4%
District of Columbia 4.1% 90.5% 86.4%
Florida 49.0% 47.8% 1.2%
Georgia 50.8% 45.6% 5.2%
Hawaii 30.0% 62.2% 32.2%
Idaho 59.3% 27.5% 31.8%
Illinois 38.8% 55.8% 17.0%
Indiana 56.8% 37.9% 18.9%
Iowa 51.2% 41.7% 9.5%
Kansas 56.7% 36.1% 20.6%
Kentucky 62.5% 32.7% 29.8%
Louisiana 58.1% 38.5% 19.6%
Maine 44.9% 47.8% 2.9%
Maryland 33.9% 60.3% 26.4%
Massachusetts 32.8% 60.0% 27.2%
Michigan 47.5% 47.3% 0.2%
Minnesota 44.9% 46.4% 1.5%
Mississippi 57.9% 40.1% 17.8%
Missouri 56.8% 38.1% 18.7%
Montana 56.2% 35.8% 20.4%
Nebraska 58.8% 33.7% 25.1%
Nevada 45.5% 47.9% 2.4%
New Hampshire 46.6% 47.0% 0.4%
New Jersey 41.0% 55.0% 14.0%
New Mexico 40.0% 48.3% 8.3%
New York 36.5% 59.0% 22.5%
North Carolina 49.8% 46.2% 3.6%
North Dakota 63.0% 27.2% 35.8%
Ohio 51.7% 43.6% 8.1%
Oklahoma 65.3% 28.9% 36.4%
Oregon 39.1% 50.1% 11.0%
Pennsylvania 48.2% 47.5% 0.7%
Rhode Island 38.9% 54.4% 15.5%
South Carolina 54.9% 40.7% 14.2%
South Dakota 61.5% 31.7% 29.8%
Tennessee 60.7% 34.7% 26.0%
Texas 52.2% 43.2% 9.0%
Utah 45.5% 27.5% 18.0%
Vermont 30.3% 56.7% 26.4%
Virginia 44.4% 49.7% 5.3%
Washington 36.8% 52.5% 15.7%
West Virginia 68.5% 26.4% 42.1%
Wisconsin 47.2% 46.5% 0.7%
Wyoming 67.4% 21.6% 45.8%

The following table shows the swing in each state compared to the 2012 election.

State 2016 Rep % 2012 Rep % 2016 Dem % 2012 Dem % Rep Change Dem Change
Alabama 62.1% 60.6% 34.4% 38.4% +1.5% –4.0%
Alaska 51.3% 54.8% 36.6% 40.8% –3.5% –4.2%
Arizona 48.7% 53.7% 45.1% 44.6% –5.0% +0.5%
Arkansas 60.6% 60.6% 33.7% 36.9% 0.0% –3.2%
California 31.6% 37.1% 61.7% 60.2% –5.5% +1.5%
Colorado 43.3% 46.1% 48.2% 51.5% –2.8% –3.3%
Connecticut 40.9% 40.7% 54.6% 58.1% +0.2% –3.5%
Delaware 41.7% 40.0% 53.1% 58.6% +1.7% –5.5%
District of Columbia 4.1% 7.3% 90.5% 90.9% –3.2% –0.4%
Florida 49.0% 49.1% 47.8% 50.0% –0.1% –2.2%
Georgia 50.8% 53.3% 45.6% 45.5% –2.5% +0.1%
Hawaii 30.0% 27.8% 62.2% 70.6% +2.2% –8.4%
Idaho 59.3% 64.5% 27.5% 32.6% –5.2% –5.1%
Illinois 38.8% 40.7% 55.8% 57.6% –1.9% –1.8%
Indiana 56.8% 54.1% 37.9% 43.9% +2.7% –6.0%
Iowa 51.2% 46.2% 41.7% 52.0% +5.0% –10.3%
Kansas 56.7% 59.7% 36.1% 38.0% –3.0% –1.9%
Kentucky 62.5% 60.5% 32.7% 37.8% +2.0% –5.1%
Louisiana 58.1% 57.8% 38.5% 40.6% +0.3% –2.1%
Maine 44.9% 41.0% 47.8% 56.3% +3.9% –8.5%
Maryland 33.9% 35.9% 60.3% 62.0% –2.0% –1.7%
Massachusetts 32.8% 37.5% 60.0% 60.7% –4.7% –0.7%
Michigan 47.5% 44.7% 47.3% 54.2% +2.8% –6.9%
Minnesota 44.9% 45.0% 46.4% 52.7% –0.1% –6.3%
Mississippi 57.9% 55.3% 40.1% 43.8% +2.6% –3.7%
Missouri 56.8% 53.8% 38.1% 44.4% +3.0% –6.3%
Montana 56.2% 55.4% 35.8% 41.7% +0.8% –5.9%
Nebraska 58.8% 59.8% 33.7% 38.0% –1.0% –4.3%
Nevada 45.5% 45.7% 47.9% 52.4% –0.2% –4.5%
New Hampshire 46.6% 46.4% 47.0% 52.0% +0.2% –5.0%
New Jersey 41.0% 40.6% 55.0% 58.4% +0.4% –3.4%
New Mexico 40.0% 42.8% 48.3% 53.0% –2.8% –4.7%
New York 36.5% 35.2% 59.0% 63.4% +1.3% –4.4%
North Carolina 49.8% 50.4% 46.2% 48.4% –0.6% –2.2%
North Dakota 63.0% 58.3% 27.2% 38.7% +4.7% –11.5%
Ohio 51.7% 47.7% 43.6% 50.7% +4.0% –7.1%
Oklahoma 65.3% 66.8% 28.9% 33.2% –1.5% –4.3%
Oregon 39.1% 42.2% 50.1% 54.2% –3.1% –4.1%
Pennsylvania 48.2% 46.6% 47.5% 52.0% +1.6% –4.5%
Rhode Island 38.9% 35.2% 54.4% 62.7% +3.7% –8.3%
South Carolina 54.9% 54.6% 40.7% 44.1% +0.3% –3.4%
South Dakota 61.5% 57.9% 31.7% 39.9% +3.6% –8.2%
Tennessee 60.7% 59.5% 34.7% 39.1% +1.2% –4.4%
Texas 52.2% 57.2% 43.2% 41.4% –5.0% +1.8%
Utah 45.5% 72.8% 27.5% 24.8% –27.3% +2.7%
Vermont 30.3% 31.0% 56.7% 66.6% –0.7% –9.9%
Virginia 44.4% 47.3% 49.7% 51.2% –2.9% –1.5%
Washington 36.8% 41.3% 52.5% 56.2% –4.5% –3.7%
West Virginia 68.5% 62.3% 26.4% 35.5% +6.2% –9.1%
Wisconsin 47.2% 45.9% 46.5% 52.8% +1.3% –6.3%
Wyoming 67.4% 68.6% 21.6% 27.8% –1.2% –6.2%
Total 46.1% 47.2% 48.2% 51.1% –1.1% –2.9%

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